IELex

you

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Description

Stylistically neutral 2nd pl. person; various honorific forms must be excluded. Direct stem.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *yū A View
80 Hittite sumēs A View
133 Luvian ūnza(s) A View
81 Tocharian A yas yas pl. form of A ... A View
82 Tocharian B yes A View
88 Albanian JU, JUVE A View
143 Standard Albanian ju Polite form (also 2pl). A View
2 Albanian Sicily ju From PAlb *ju. A View
4 Albanian Corinth ju From PAlb *ju. A View
3 Albanian Gheg ju From PAlb *ju. A View
6 Albanian Tosk ju From PAlb *ju. A View
110 Ancient Greek ὑμεῖς hyːmȇːs G.pl. ὑμῶν. A View
32 Greek εσείς e̞ˈsis G View
31 Greek Lesbos ESEIS G View
129 Classical Armenian ձեզ jez you (ACC) (A) View
129 Classical Armenian դուք du-kʰ From /cognate/145/. It has ... B View
8 Armenian Eastern դուք dukʰ B View
7 Armenian Western դուք tʰukʰ B View
128 Avestan yūžəm A View
128 Avestan vō (encl.) A View
136 Sogdian šm’x Christian A View
75 Wakhi SUST A View
9 Baluchi SHA A View
137 Zazaki šimā A View
72 Tajik sumo ʃumɔ: Removed SUMOEN. A View
54 Persian shoma ʃomɒː A View
77 Waziri TUS, TOSE A View
1 Pashto TASI A View
138 Shughni tama A View
139 Sarikoli tamaš A View
52 Ossetic cmax, cmaxtae sɨmaχ, ʃɨmaχ, sɨmaχtæ, ʃɨmaχtæ A View
124 Ossetic Iron šymaχ šymaχ A View
125 Ossetic Digor sumaχ sumaχ A View
141 Kata-viri šo A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit yūyám A View
162 Pāḷī tumhe A View
41 Khaskura TIMIHARU A View
51 Nepali timi-haru timi-haru A View
51 Nepali tə̃-haru tə̃-haru A View
106 Assamese ta non-hon. A View
106 Assamese tomo(lāk) AF tumi (Mayang), p. 422 A View
102 Oriya mane mane H View
102 Oriya apɔṇɔmanɔ-nkɔ apɔɳɔmanɔ-nkɔ hon. obl., apɔṇɔmane (nom.) H View
102 Oriya tumɔmanɔ-nkɔ tumɔmanɔ-nkɔ polite: oblique, tumemane (nominative) A View
10 Bengali TUMI A View
111 Bihari əhãsəb əhãsəb (two) I View
111 Bihari tõh sabh pl. of 'thou' (?) A View
144 Magahi तोहनी सब t̪ohəni səb A View
104 Marwari the the direct, tha (obl.) A View
35 Hindi AP (FORMAL) H View
35 Hindi tum tʊm Informal. A View
119 Urdu تُم t̪ʊm A View
103 Sindhi (t)ə̃vhĩ AF also tav(h)i ... A View
43 Lahnda TUSSA A View
53 Punjabi tusi tʊsĩ A View
33 Gujarati TEME A View
50 Marathi apen Formal H View
50 Marathi tumhi Informal A View
40 Kashmiri TOHI A View
65 Sinhalese UMBALA C View
34 Romani Greece TUMEN A View
100 Old Church Slavonic вы Plural. A View
95 Serbo-Croatian vi vîː A View
15 Bulgarian вие ˈvi.ɘ A View
92 Macedonian вие ˈvi.ɛ A View
60 Russian вы A View
55 Polish wy vɘ̟ A View
16 Belarusian вы A View
73 Ukrainian ви ʋɪ A View
66 Slovak vy vi A View
18 Czech vy A View
48 Sorbian Upper wy wɘ̟ A View
47 Sorbian Lower wy wɘ̟ A View
97 Slovenian vi vîː A View
108 Old Prussian ioūs A View
44 Latvian jũs A View
46 Lithuanian JUS A View
109 Old Norse (þ)ér (θ)eːr du. (dual?), AF (Þ)it A View
36 Icelandic þið θɪːð E View
23 Faroese tit tʰiːt E View
58 Norwegian Riksmal dere ˈdèːɾə A View
159 Stavangersk de deː, de, də A View
157 Old Swedish i A View
69 Swedish ni niː Replaced I. A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina JI A View
70 Swedish Uppland NI View
145 Elfdalian ɪːð A View
20 Danish i i A View
158 Danish Fjolde im im A View
160 Old Gutnish ir A View
161 Gutnish Lau i A View
99 Old English gē A View
22 English you A View
22 English ye ji: (A) View
26 Frisian jy, jo, jim(me) ji, jo.u̯, 'jɪm(ə) A View
21 Dutch jullie ˈjʏli A View
24 Flemish U, GY A View
83 Afrikaans JULLE, JUL A View
87 Sranan OENOE View
126 Old High German iuwih A View
126 Old High German ir A View
27 German ihr i:ɐ̯ A View
120 Luxembourgish dir A View
121 German Switzerland dir A View
107 Gothic jūs A View
130 Oscan uus [Paelignian] View
112 Latin uōs woːs Gen. uestrūm/uestrī A View
17 Catalan vosaltres buz’altrəs A View
56 Portuguese vós, vocês ˈvɔʃ, vɔˈseʃ A View
68 Spanish vosotros bo'sotɾos Informal. A View
68 Spanish ustedes us'teðes View
61 Sardinian Cagliari BOSATRUS A View
62 Sardinian Logudoro VOS A View
63 Sardinian Nuoro VOIS A View
85 French Creole Dominica ZOT F View
76 Walloon VOS A View
25 French vous vu A View
57 Provencal VOUS, VAUTRE A View
42 Ladin VUS A View
146 Dolomite Ladino voiauter A View
146 Dolomite Ladino voi A View
123 Romansh vus A View
122 Friulian vô, voaltris A View
39 Italian voi 'voi A View
59 Romanian voi voj A View
74 Vlach VOI A View
127 Old Irish sí, sib sʹi:, sʹiβʹ A View
127 Old Irish -b- β (A) View
101 Middle Cornish hwi ʍi: AF hwi A View
172 Middle Breton huy, hui, hu ˈhui, ˈhu A View
12 Breton c'hwi ˈxwi, ˈhwi A View
79 Welsh chwi xwi A View
38 Irish sibh ʃivʲ Removed SIBH-SE. A View
115 Scottish Gaelic sibh A View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ju ju From PAlb *ju. A View
29 [Legacy] Greek K SEIS G View
28 [Legacy] Greek D ESEIS, SEIS G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md ESEIS, SEIS, SAS G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VI A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian vi ʋîː A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P VIE A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian vie viɛ Removed VE. A View
94 [Legacy] Russian P VY A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P WY A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VY A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VY A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E VI A View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P VY A View
91 [Legacy] Czech P VY A View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian JE A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O JUS A View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian vocês vɔˈses A View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian vós ˈvɔs A View
142 [Legacy] German Munich ihr < Pr. Germ. *jūs ‘you (pl.)’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C ZOT F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St c'hwi xwi A View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se HUI A View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CHWI A View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SIBH A View