IELex

year

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Description

1. The first month of the year is called [X].
2. How many months are there in a year?

Should be distinguished from adverbial forms (‘annually’, ‘all the year round’, etc.); from specific nominal or adverbial designations of particular time periods (‘this year’, ‘past year’, etc.); from special terms for half-years or seasons; from ‘year’ as an age marker (‘he is five years old’, etc.). If the language has no common term for ‘year’ whatsoever, the slot should remain empty. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *wet- C View
114 Proto-Indo-European *yeHr- B View
80 Hittite wīz C View
133 Luvian ussis View
134 Lycian uhi View
81 Tocharian A pkul N View
82 Tocharian B pikul N View
88 Albanian VITI C View
143 Standard Albanian vit C View
2 Albanian Sicily VIT C View
4 Albanian Corinth VIT C View
3 Albanian Gheg MOTI split from DKB O View
3 Albanian Gheg VITI split from DKB C View
6 Albanian Tosk VIT C View
173 Mycenaean Greek we-to wétos A.sg. in PY Aq ... C View
110 Ancient Greek ἔτος étos G.sg. ἔτεος C View
32 Greek χρονιά xro̞ˈɲa J View
31 Greek Lesbos CHRONOS J View
129 Classical Armenian տարի tari (D) View
129 Classical Armenian ամ am Connected to Skt. sámā- f ... View
8 Armenian Eastern տարի tɑˈɾi D View
7 Armenian Western տարի dɑˈɾi D View
128 Avestan yārə B View
131 Old Persian θard- E View
136 Sogdian srδδ Manichean E View
75 Wakhi SOL (E) View
9 Baluchi SAL (E) View
137 Zazaki ser̄i E View
72 Tajik SOL E View
54 Persian SAL E View
77 Waziri KOL A View
1 Pashto KAL A View
138 Shughni sōl < Persian/Tajik (E) View
139 Sarikoli sul : seδ E View
52 Ossetic afaedz æfædz Added final -z. View
124 Ossetic Iron L View
125 Ossetic Digor anz anz L View
141 Kata-viri P View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vatsarás C View
162 Pāḷī vassa K View
162 Pāḷī (saŋ)vacchara C View
41 Khaskura SAL (E) View
51 Nepali BARSA split from DKB K View
51 Nepali SAL split from DKB (E) View
106 Assamese bɒsɒr bɒsɒr K View
102 Oriya bɔrsɔ bɔrsɔ K View
10 Bengali BOTSOR K View
111 Bihari sal sal (E) View
111 Bihari barṣ K View
144 Magahi बरस bərəs K View
144 Magahi साल sɑl (E) View
104 Marwari baras ‘years’ K View
104 Marwari sal sal (E) View
35 Hindi SAL split from DKB (E) View
35 Hindi VERS split from DKB K View
119 Urdu سال sɑl (E) View
103 Sindhi varehu K View
43 Lahnda SAL (E) View
53 Punjabi SAL (E) View
33 Gujarati VERES split from DKB K View
33 Gujarati sal sal split from DKB (E) View
50 Marathi warsa 'wəɾʂə K View
50 Marathi sāl sal E View
40 Kashmiri WAHAR, WARIH K View
65 Sinhalese AVURUDDA K View
34 Romani Greece BRES K View
100 Old Church Slavonic лѣто lætɔ An alternative lexeme is 'годъ ... M View
95 Serbo-Croatian godina ˈɡɔ̂dina H View
15 Bulgarian година ɡuˈdinə H View
92 Macedonian година ˈɡodina H View
60 Russian год gɔd H View
55 Polish rok rɔk I View
16 Belarusian год ɣɔd H View
73 Ukrainian рік rʲik I View
66 Slovak rok rɔk I View
18 Czech rok rɔk I View
48 Sorbian Upper lěto ˈlɪtɔ M View
47 Sorbian Lower lěto ˈlʲɪtɔ M View
97 Slovenian leto ˈlěːtɔ M View
108 Old Prussian mettan O View
44 Latvian gads (H) View
46 Lithuanian METAI O View
109 Old Norse ár aːr B View
36 Icelandic ár auːr B View
23 Faroese ár ɔaːɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal år oːɾ B View
159 Stavangersk år oːʁ B View
157 Old Swedish ar aːr B View
69 Swedish år o:r B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina AR B View
70 Swedish Uppland AR B View
145 Elfdalian år ɔːr B View
20 Danish år ɒˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde oar oaɹ B View
160 Old Gutnish ar B View
161 Gutnish Lau ar, år ɑːr, oːr B View
99 Old English gēar B View
22 English year jɪə B View
26 Frisian jier (j)i.ər B View
21 Dutch jaar jar B View
24 Flemish JAER B View
83 Afrikaans JAAR B View
87 Sranan JARI B View
126 Old High German jār B View
27 German Jahr ja:ɐ̯ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch YAWR B View
120 Luxembourgish Joer B View
121 German Switzerland jahr B View
107 Gothic aþn(s?) F View
107 Gothic jēr B View
107 Gothic ataþni F View
130 Oscan akeneí loc. View
132 Umbrian acnu acc. View
112 Latin annus ˈanːus G.sg. annī F View
17 Catalan any F View
56 Portuguese ano ˈɐnu Removed second -N-. F View
68 Spanish año 'aɲo F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari ANNU F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ANNU F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ANNU F View
85 French Creole Dominica LANE F View
76 Walloon AN, ANNEYE F View
25 French an ɑ̃ F View
57 Provencal AN, ANNADO F View
42 Ladin AN, ANNEDA F View
146 Dolomite Ladino an F View
123 Romansh onn F View
122 Friulian an F View
39 Italian anno 'anno F View
59 Romanian an an F View
74 Vlach ANU F View
127 Old Irish blíadain bʹlʹi:əðənʹ G View
101 Middle Cornish bledhen 'blɛðɛn AF blydhen G View
172 Middle Breton bloaz, bloz, bloez, bloeaz ˈbloað G View
12 Breton bloaz blwaːs, ˈbloas G View
79 Welsh blwydd G View
38 Irish bliain bʲlʲiənʲ Replaced BLIADHAN. G View
115 Scottish Gaelic bliadhna G View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T MOT split from DKB O View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T VIT split from DKB C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K ETOS C View
28 [Legacy] Greek D CHRONOS J View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md CHRONOS J View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian GODINA H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian godina ɡôdina H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P GODINA H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian GODINA H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P LETA M View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ROK I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HOD H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P LITA M View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ROK I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ROK I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ROK I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian LETO M View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O METAI (PL.) O View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian ANO (ANNO) F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Jahr < Pr. Germ. *jēra- 'year'. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LANE, A(BOUND FORM) F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St bloaz blwaː,ˈblwaːs G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se BLE G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C BLWYDDYN G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A BLIADHAIN G View