IELex

who

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Description

1. Who came and what did he bring?
2. Who killed this dog?

Interrogative (not relative) pronoun, referring to an animate subject/object. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *kʷis pronoun B View
114 Proto-Indo-European *kʷod AF: *kʷos, adjective B View
80 Hittite kuis B View
133 Luvian kuis B View
134 Lycian ti B View
135 Palaic kui- B View
81 Tocharian A kus cf. /meaning/what/ B View
82 Tocharian B kuse cf. /meaning/what/ B View
88 Albanian kush From PAlb *kuša going back ... B View
143 Standard Albanian kush B View
2 Albanian Sicily kush From PAlb *kuša going back ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth kush From PAlb *kuša going back ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg kush From PAlb *kuša going back ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk kush split from DKB. From PAlb ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk cili split from DKB. Continues *të ... B View
110 Ancient Greek τίς tís G.sg. τίνος; cf. /lexeme ... B View
152 Tsakonian ποιε(ρ), ποια, ποιου Masculine, feminine, neuter forms respectively. B View
32 Greek ποιος pço̞s B View
31 Greek Lesbos POIOS B View
129 Classical Armenian ո(վ) o(v) Martirosyan thinks it is more ... B View
8 Armenian Eastern ով ov Alternative interpretation: derived < PIE *i ... B View
7 Armenian Western OV see also 'some' in /lexeme ... B View
128 Avestan B View
131 Old Persian ka B View
136 Sogdian qy Christian B View
75 Wakhi KUI B View
9 Baluchi KITHAN B View
118 Kurdish B View
137 Zazaki kām B View
72 Tajik KI B View
54 Persian ki kʰiː B View
77 Waziri TSOK B View
1 Pashto COK B View
138 Shughni ar tām View
139 Sarikoli čoy B View
52 Ossetic ci, citae tʃi, tʃitæ B View
124 Ossetic Iron či či B View
125 Ossetic Digor ka ka B View
141 Kata-viri kʌt͡si B View
154 Vasi-vari kəs, kes(e) B View
153 Askunu ċēi < *ki- B View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kás B View
162 Pāḷī ka B View
41 Khaskura KO B View
51 Nepali ko, ko ko ko Removed KUN 'which'. ko ko ... B View
106 Assamese kon(e) sg., AF kuṇ(i), kung ... B View
102 Oriya kaha kaha oblique, kie (nominative) B View
10 Bengali KE B View
111 Bihari ke ke B View
144 Magahi कउन kəʊn View
151 Bhojpuri ke B View
104 Marwari kuɳ kuɳ direct, or kiɳ (obl.) B View
35 Hindi KON B View
119 Urdu کَون kɔn B View
103 Sindhi kə̃h kə̃h obl., kēru (nom., m.) B View
43 Lahnda KON B View
53 Punjabi KON B View
33 Gujarati KON B View
50 Marathi kon koɳ B View
40 Kashmiri KYAH B View
65 Sinhalese KAVUDA B View
34 Romani Greece KON B View
100 Old Church Slavonic къто kʊ̆tɔ B View
95 Serbo-Croatian tko, ko tkɔ̂, kɔ̂ B View
15 Bulgarian кой kɔj B View
92 Macedonian кој koj B View
60 Russian кто ktɔ B View
55 Polish kto ktɔ B View
16 Belarusian хто xtɔ B View
73 Ukrainian хто xtɔ B View
66 Slovak kto ktɔ B View
18 Czech kdo gdɔ B View
48 Sorbian Upper štó ʃtu B View
47 Sorbian Lower chto xtɔ B View
97 Slovenian kdo ɡdǒː, ɡdôː B View
108 Old Prussian kas B View
44 Latvian kas B View
46 Lithuanian KAS B View
109 Old Norse hverr ɣverː of several, AF hvárr ... B View
36 Icelandic hver xʷɛːr, kʰvɛːr B View
23 Faroese hvør kʰvøːɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal hvem ʋɛmː B View
159 Stavangersk kemm kɛm(ː) B View
157 Old Swedish hvarr hvarː B View
69 Swedish vem vɛmː B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VAM, HOKAN B View
70 Swedish Uppland VEM, HOCKEN B View
145 Elfdalian ukin ˈʉ̀kɪn A View
20 Danish hvem vɛmˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde væn væn B View
161 Gutnish Lau vaim vaɪm B View
99 Old English hwā B View
22 English who hu: B View
26 Frisian HWA, HWA'T B View
21 Dutch wie wi B View
24 Flemish WIE B View
83 Afrikaans WIE B View
87 Sranan HOESOEMA B View
126 Old High German wer B View
27 German wer ve:ɐ̯ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WAIIR B View
120 Luxembourgish wien B View
121 German Switzerland wär B View
107 Gothic ƕuas B View
130 Oscan pís B View
132 Umbrian pisi B View
112 Latin quī kʷiː interrogative pronoun, N.sg. masc ... B View
17 Catalan qui ki B View
56 Portuguese quem kɐ̃ĩ B View
68 Spanish quien kjen B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari KINI B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro CHINI B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro KIE B View
85 French Creole Dominica KIMUN B View
76 Walloon KI, QUI B View
25 French qui ki B View
57 Provencal QUE, QUAU, QU' B View
42 Ladin CHI B View
146 Dolomite Ladino chi B View
123 Romansh tgi B View
122 Friulian cui B View
39 Italian chi ki B View
59 Romanian cine B View
74 Vlach KARE B View
140 Gaulish po[s?] B View
127 Old Irish cía kʹi:ə Can also occur as ce ... B View
101 Middle Cornish piw piˑʊ B View
148 Old Breton piv B View
172 Middle Breton piu, pyu, piou ˈpiuː, ˈpiw B View
12 Breton piv B View
150 Old Welsh pui B View
79 Welsh pwy B View
38 Irish ceː Replaced CIA, CIACA (=Old Irish). B View
115 Scottish Gaelic koː B View
147 Manx quoi B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T kush From PAlb *kuša going back ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K POIOS B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D POIOS B View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md POIOS B View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TKO B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian ko AF tko B View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KOJ B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian koj kɔj Removed KOJSTO. B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P KTO B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P KTO B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CHTO B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P CHTO B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E GDO B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P KTO B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P KDO B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian KEDU B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KAS B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian quem kẽ̃ĩ B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich wer < Pr. Germ. *hwa- ‘who? what?’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C KI MUN B View
14 [Legacy] Breton St piou B View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se PIU B View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C PWY B View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CIA B View