IELex

water

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Description

1. People cannot live without water.
2. He is drinking water.
3. She dipped some water in her jug.

Sweet water, good for drinking. Should be kept apart from more specialized terms: ‘salt water’ (= ‘sea (water)’), ‘foul water’, ‘running / flowing water’ (= ‘stream’, ‘river’), etc. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *akʷā E View
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- Also /meaning/lake/ A View
80 Hittite wātar B View
133 Luvian wārsa J View
81 Tocharian A wär B View
82 Tocharian B war B View
88 Albanian ujë From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
143 Standard Albanian ujë B View
2 Albanian Sicily ujë From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth ujë From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg ujë From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk ujë From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
173 Mycenaean Greek u-do hudo̞ːr Noun masc. N.sg. in ... B View
110 Ancient Greek ὕδωρ hýdɔːr G.sg. ὕδατος B View
152 Tsakonian υω B View
32 Greek νερό ne̞ˈro̞ G View
32 Greek ύδωρ EXCLUDE. (B) View
31 Greek Lesbos NERO G View
129 Classical Armenian ջուր ǰowr C View
8 Armenian Eastern ǰur ʤuɾ C View
7 Armenian Western CZOOR C View
128 Avestan āfš A View
131 Old Persian āpiš A View
136 Sogdian ’’p’p Sogdian A View
174 Khotanese ūtca A View
75 Wakhi YUPK H View
9 Baluchi AF A View
118 Kurdish av A View
137 Zazaki āw A View
72 Tajik ob ɔːb A View
54 Persian AB A View
77 Waziri EBO A View
1 Pashto OBE A View
138 Shughni x̆ac K View
139 Sarikoli x̆ac K View
52 Ossetic don don Same as 'river'/lexeme/11698/. B View
124 Ossetic Iron don don B View
125 Ossetic Digor don don B View
141 Kata-viri o A View
154 Vasi-vari āw(ə) A View
153 Askunu abō A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vā́r split from DKB (J) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ud(á)n- split from DKB B View
162 Pāḷī āpa A View
162 Pāḷī jala I View
162 Pāḷī udaka B View
41 Khaskura JEL split from DKB I View
41 Khaskura PANI split from DKB D View
51 Nepali PANI D View
106 Assamese pānī D View
102 Oriya paṇi paɳi D View
10 Bengali pani 'pɑːni: A View
10 Bengali jol dʒɔl, dzɔl, zɔl Formal. I View
111 Bihari pain pain D View
144 Magahi पानी pɑni A View
104 Marwari paɳi paɳi AF pāṇidor D View
104 Marwari jaḷ I View
35 Hindi pani pa:ni: D View
119 Urdu پانی pɑni D View
103 Sindhi pāṇī pāɳī D View
43 Lahnda PANI D View
53 Punjabi PANI D View
33 Gujarati pani paɳi D View
50 Marathi pānī 'oaɳi: D View
40 Kashmiri PONU D View
65 Sinhalese WATURA B View
34 Romani Greece PAI D View
100 Old Church Slavonic вода vɔdɑ B View
95 Serbo-Croatian voda ˈvɔ̌da B View
15 Bulgarian вода vu'da B View
92 Macedonian вода ˈvoda B View
60 Russian вода vɔ'da B View
55 Polish woda ˈvɔda B View
16 Belarusian вада vaˈda B View
73 Ukrainian вода ʋɔˈda B View
66 Slovak voda ˈvɔda B View
18 Czech voda ˈvɔda B View
48 Sorbian Upper woda ˈwɔda B View
47 Sorbian Lower woda ˈwɘ̟da B View
97 Slovenian voda ˈvɔ̌ːda B View
108 Old Prussian wundan B View
108 Old Prussian unds B View
44 Latvian ûdens B View
46 Lithuanian vanduo ʋɐnˈdʊɔ B View
109 Old Norse vatn vatn B View
36 Icelandic vatn vaʰtn̥ Also 'lake'. B View
23 Faroese vatn vaʰtn̥ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vann ʋanː B View
159 Stavangersk vattn, vann ˈʋatːn̩, ʋanː B View
157 Old Swedish vatn vatn B View
69 Swedish vatten ˈvatːən B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VATN B View
70 Swedish Uppland VATTEN B View
145 Elfdalian wattn wɑ́tːn̩ B View
20 Danish vand vanˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde vand vanʲ B View
160 Old Gutnish watn Only dat. watni attested B View
161 Gutnish Lau vattn vatːn B View
99 Old English wæter B View
22 English water 'wɔ:tə B View
26 Frisian wetter 'vɛtər B View
21 Dutch water 'watər B View
24 Flemish WATER B View
83 Afrikaans WATER B View
87 Sranan WATRA B View
126 Old High German wazzar B View
27 German wasser 'vasɐ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WASSER B View
120 Luxembourgish Waasser B View
121 German Switzerland wasser B View
107 Gothic watō B View
130 Oscan aapam acc. A View
132 Umbrian utur, un- Related to /lexeme/32516/? View
112 Latin aqua ˈakʷa G.sg. aquae E View
17 Catalan aigua 'ajɣwə, 'ajɣwa Replaced -Y- with -i-. Eastern ... E View
56 Portuguese água ˈaɡwɐ E View
68 Spanish agua 'aɣwa E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari AKKUA E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ABBA E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ABBA E View
85 French Creole Dominica DLO E View
76 Walloon EWE E View
25 French eau o E View
57 Provencal AIGO E View
42 Ladin OVA E View
146 Dolomite Ladino egå Online dictionary gives the rather ... E View
123 Romansh aua E View
122 Friulian aghe E View
39 Italian acqua 'akkwa E View
59 Romanian apă ˈapə E View
74 Vlach APE E View
140 Gaulish dubron Attested in river names and ... F View
140 Gaulish unna- < *udnā. Reconstructed form based on attestations of names of deities. Related to /lexeme/28815/? View
127 Old Irish dobur doβur (F) View
127 Old Irish uisce usʹkʹe B View
149 Old Cornish douer F View
101 Middle Cornish dowr dɔʊr F View
148 Old Breton dour Middle Breton. F View
172 Middle Breton dour ˈduːr View
12 Breton dour F View
150 Old Welsh dwyyr Middle Welsh. F View
79 Welsh dŵr duːr F View
38 Irish uisce ˈiʃkʲə B View
115 Scottish Gaelic bùrn < ScotEng burn 'spring water'. View
115 Scottish Gaelic uisge ɯʃɡ̊ʲɪ also 'rain' /lexeme/24007/ B View
147 Manx ushtey B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ujë uj(ə) From PAlb *udrjā < IE *ued- ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HUDOR B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D NERO G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md NERO G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VODA B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian voda ʋǒda B View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P VODA B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian VODA B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P VODA B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P WODA B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VADA B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VODA B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E VODA B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P VODA B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P VODA B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian VODA B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O VANDUO B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian AGUA E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Wasser < Pr. Germ. *watar-, *watan- 'water'. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C DLO, GLO E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St dour duːʁ F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DEUR F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DWR F View
37 [Legacy] Irish A UISGE B View