IELex

warm

«walk (prev) ― 186 ― (next) wash»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. The weather is warm today, not too hot and not too cold.
2. The stone is warm under the sun.
3. A warm wind is blowing.

‘Warm’ can be understood as ‘having a temperature slightly above the norm’, with a generally positive connotation. This is a dubious and often hard to elicit item on the Swadesh list; while it should be strictly distinguished from ‘hot’, it may be useful to add ‘hot’ as a synonym (92b?) or, in the future, even to replace ‘warm’ with ‘hot’ completely. See also notes for 'cold' (23), since terms relating to weather and water may differ. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *tep- D View
114 Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰer- B View
80 Hittite ānz related to IE *ai-(dh- ... View
81 Tocharian A sāt View
82 Tocharian B emalle View
88 Albanian ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
143 Standard Albanian i,e ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
2 Albanian Sicily ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
110 Ancient Greek θερμός tʰermós G.sg. θερμοῦ; θερμός, θερμή ... B View
152 Tsakonian σομο B View
32 Greek ζεστός ze̞ˈsto̞s F View
32 Greek θερμός EXCLUDE. (B) View
31 Greek Lesbos DZESTOS F View
129 Classical Armenian ջերմ d͡ʒɛɾm ǰerm B View
8 Armenian Eastern ŠOG split from DKB View
8 Armenian Eastern տաք tɑkʰ I View
8 Armenian Eastern TOT` split from DKB (A) View
8 Armenian Eastern ջերմ d͡ʒɛɾm (B) View
7 Armenian Western տաք dɑkʰ I View
128 Avestan garəmō B View
128 Avestan taptō D View
75 Wakhi SONDER from DKB View
75 Wakhi THIN split from DKB B View
75 Wakhi GERM split from DKB B View
9 Baluchi GARM B View
118 Kurdish germ B View
137 Zazaki germ B View
72 Tajik GARM B View
54 Persian GARM B View
77 Waziri TOD A View
1 Pashto TOD A View
138 Shughni gārm B View
139 Sarikoli θыm View
52 Ossetic x'arm qarm B View
124 Ossetic Iron qarm qarm B View
125 Ossetic Digor ʁar ʁar B View
154 Vasi-vari tábe D View
153 Askunu tapö D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit uṣṇás IE *eus- 'to burn' M View
162 Pāḷī samparitāpeti D View
41 Khaskura TATO split from DKB G View
41 Khaskura MANTATO split from DKB G View
51 Nepali NIYANU View
106 Assamese gɒrɒm gɒrɒm (B) View
102 Oriya gɔrɔmɔ gɔrɔmɔ (B) View
10 Bengali gorom ɡɔɾɔm, ɡɔɽɔm (B) View
111 Bihari tapəb tapəb ‘to warm onelsef, by a ... D View
111 Bihari gərm gərm ‘hot’ (B) View
144 Magahi गरम ɡərəm (B) View
104 Marwari nivāñca ‘warmth’ View
35 Hindi GEREM (B) View
119 Urdu گرم ɡəɾm (B) View
103 Sindhi koso ‘warm, hot, torrid’ View
43 Lahnda GERMI (B) View
53 Punjabi GEREM (B) View
33 Gujarati GEREM (B) View
50 Marathi garam 'gəɾəm split from DKB (B) View
50 Marathi un split from DKB View
40 Kashmiri WUSHUNU View
65 Sinhalese RASNE View
34 Romani Greece TATO G View
100 Old Church Slavonic топлъ tɔplʊ̆ There was possibly a dialectal ... D View
95 Serbo-Croatian topao ˈtɔ̂pa.ɔ D View
15 Bulgarian топъл ˈtɔpəɫ D View
92 Macedonian топол ˈtopɔl D View
60 Russian тёплый 'tʲɔpɫɨj D View
55 Polish ciepły ˈtɕɛpwɘ̟ D View
16 Belarusian цёплы ˈtsʲɔpɫɨ D View
73 Ukrainian теплий ˈtɛpɫɪj D View
66 Slovak teplý ˈcɛpliː D View
18 Czech teplý ˈtɛpliː D View
48 Sorbian Upper ćopły ˈtʃɔpwɘ̟ D View
47 Sorbian Lower śopły ˈɕɔpwɘ̟ D View
97 Slovenian topel ˈtɔ̌ːpəw, ˈtǒːpəw D View
108 Old Prussian tapīs D View
108 Old Prussian ēnāistweī ‘get hot’ View
44 Latvian sìlts E View
46 Lithuanian šiltas ˈʃʲɪltɐs E View
109 Old Norse heitr hɛitr of fire, summer H View
109 Old Norse varmr varmr of a day, summer B View
109 Old Norse hlýr ɣlyːr E View
36 Icelandic varmur ˈvarmʏr B View
36 Icelandic hlýr l̥iːr From Old Norse hlýr. E View
36 Icelandic heitur ˈheiːtʰʏr H View
23 Faroese lýggjur ˈlɪd̥ʒːʊɹ split from DKB, comp. e ... E View
23 Faroese heitur ˈhaiːtʰʊɹ split from DKB H View
23 Faroese flógvur ˈflɛɡ̊vʊɹ L View
58 Norwegian Riksmal varm ʋaɾm B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ly E View
159 Stavangersk varme ˈʋaʁmə B View
157 Old Swedish varmber ˈvarmber B View
157 Old Swedish heter ˈheːter H View
69 Swedish varm varm B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VARM B View
70 Swedish Uppland VARM B View
145 Elfdalian warm wɑrm B View
20 Danish varm vɑˀm B View
158 Danish Fjolde varm vɑɹm B View
160 Old Gutnish varmbr nominative not attested B View
161 Gutnish Lau varmar ˈvarmar B View
99 Old English wearm B View
22 English warm wɔ:m B View
26 Frisian waarm vaːrm Changed from WAERM. B View
21 Dutch warm wɑrm B View
24 Flemish WARM B View
83 Afrikaans WARM B View
87 Sranan WARAM B View
126 Old High German warm B View
27 German warm varm B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WAAREM B View
120 Luxembourgish waarm B View
121 German Switzerland warm B View
107 Gothic *warms B View
112 Latin calidus ˈkalidus EXCLUDED. (E) View
112 Latin tepidus ˈtepidus G.sg. tepidī; tepidus, tepida ... D View
17 Catalan calent kə'len 'hot'. E View
56 Portuguese quente kẽˈtɨ C View
68 Spanish cálido 'kaliðo Changed from CALIENTE. E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari KALLENTI E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro CALDU E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro KAENTE E View
85 French Creole Dominica SO E View
76 Walloon TCHOD E View
25 French chaud ʃo E View
57 Provencal CAUD, AUDO E View
42 Ladin CHOD E View
146 Dolomite Ladino ciaut E View
123 Romansh tievi D View
123 Romansh cauld E View
122 Friulian tivit D View
122 Friulian cjalt E View
39 Italian caldo 'kaldo E View
59 Romanian cald Removed CALDUROS. E View
74 Vlach KELDURE E View
140 Gaulish tess(i)-/teđđ(I)- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... D View
127 Old Irish teë, té, te teʔe, té, te D View
149 Old Cornish toim D View
101 Middle Cornish gwresak Replaced original lexeme entry mygil ... (K) View
101 Middle Cornish claiar comp. Welsh CLAEAR 'lukewarm' (E) View
101 Middle Cornish tomm tɤm: D View
148 Old Breton toem Middle Breton. D View
172 Middle Breton toem, tomm, tom ˈtoem, ˈtomː View
12 Breton tomm D View
79 Welsh gwresog (K) View
79 Welsh cynnes split from DKB, comp. cyn-tes ... (D) View
79 Welsh TEG split from DKB (D) View
79 Welsh twym D View
38 Irish te/té D View
115 Scottish Gaelic blàth J View
147 Manx çheh D View
147 Manx blah- (J) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K THERMOS B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DZESTOS F View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DZESTOS F View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TOPLO D View
113 [Legacy] Serbian topao tôpao D View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TOPUL D View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian GREE split from DKB B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian TOPLI, TOPUL split from DKB D View
94 [Legacy] Russian P T OPLYJ D View
93 [Legacy] Polish P CIEPLY D View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P C OPLY D View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TEPLYJ D View
19 [Legacy] Czech E TEPLE D View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P TEPLY D View
91 [Legacy] Czech P TEPLY D View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian GORKO B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SILTAS E View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian QUENTE C View
142 [Legacy] German Munich warm B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SO E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St tomm tɔm D View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gwrezek K View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se TUEM D View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C TWYM D View
37 [Legacy] Irish A BROTHALLACH related to MiddleIr. BRUITH 'to ... View