IELex

turn

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Description

1. The car turned left onto the road (?).
2. I turned my head suddenly when I heard the loud noise.

Try to avoid eliciting phrasal verbs (or equivalents) with meanings such as 'turn over', 'turn around' even if these may have similar stems.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite wehzi prob. = Skt. VETI 'to pursue ... View
80 Hittite nēa = Skt. NAYI- 'to lead', IE ... View
133 Luvian kuwalīti ? View
81 Tocharian A sparcwatär Q View
82 Tocharian B kluttaṅktär Windekens has KLUTK- 'to turn ... View
82 Tocharian B sporttotär Q View
82 Tocharian B TÄRK- cogn. with 'squeeze' in /cognate ... View
88 Albanian KETHEJ C View
143 Standard Albanian kthej Prefixal derivative of thyej 'to ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily PRIREM D View
4 Albanian Corinth PRIREM D View
3 Albanian Gheg KETHEJ C View
6 Albanian Tosk KTHENEM, AOR. UKTHEVA C View
173 Mycenaean Greek to-ro-qe-jo-me-no torkʷei̯omenos Mid.part. *torkʷei̯o- 'twist ... View
110 Ancient Greek στρέφω strépʰɔː EXCLUDE. Inf. στρέφειν. (L) View
110 Ancient Greek τρέπω trépɔː Inf. τρέπειν. ‘turn, direct; change ... View
32 Greek γυρίζω ʝiˈrizo̞ A View
32 Greek στρέφομαι ˈstre̞fo̞ˌme̞ EXCLUDE. (L) View
31 Greek Lesbos GURIDZO A View
129 Classical Armenian šrǰem View
129 Classical Armenian daṙnam Also 'to go/come back ... E View
8 Armenian Eastern daṙnal Stem: darj. E View
8 Armenian Eastern šrǰ(v)el ʃəɾʤˈ(v)ɛl View
7 Armenian Western TARNEL E View
128 Avestan uruuisiieiti H View
131 Old Persian vartataiy H View
136 Sogdian prn’z Sogdian W View
75 Wakhi ɣir(d) 'to turn' (intr.) < *gart, garš R View
9 Baluchi tərrəg West Baluchi E View
137 Zazaki čerx Y View
72 Tajik gardidan ɡærdidæn Replaced GARDONDAN. R View
72 Tajik TOFTAN R View
54 Persian gaštan/gard- (R) View
54 Persian PICHIDAN (X) View
77 Waziri GERZEDEL R View
1 Pashto GERZEDEL R View
138 Shughni garδēn R View
139 Sarikoli ɣɛyron, ɣayron R View
52 Ossetic yzdaxyn zdaχɨn V View
124 Ossetic Iron ždɐχ- ždɐχ- V View
125 Ossetic Digor ɐzdɐχ- ɐzdɐχ- V View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vártatē H View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vr̥ṅktḗ (H) View
162 Pāḷī vaṭṭati H View
41 Khaskura PHARKNU M View
51 Nepali PHARKANU, PHIRNU M View
106 Assamese ohot ohot View
102 Oriya ol(ɔ)ṭeiba ol(ɔ)ʈeiba O View
10 Bengali GHORA Aa View
111 Bihari láuṭab 'to turn back' Ae View
111 Bihari unʈəb unʈəb ‘turn over, intr.’ O View
111 Bihari paṭ hāyab to turn over' View
111 Bihari ulṭā karab to turn over' O View
111 Bihari ghumab to turn around' Aa View
144 Magahi घुमना ɡʰʊmnɑ Aa View
151 Bhojpuri ghumáw Aa View
104 Marwari uthēlabō ‘to turn over’ O View
104 Marwari dabh dabh wordclass? View
104 Marwari bāva&dcirc;abō sic! (intrans.) ‘to return, to ... View
35 Hindi MURNA N View
119 Urdu مُڑنا mʊɽnə N View
103 Sindhi phiraṇu M View
103 Sindhi var-aṇu ‘to return’, Turner conncets hesitantly ... View
43 Lahnda ULTAWEN O View
53 Punjabi MORNA N View
33 Gujarati FERWU M View
50 Marathi walne wəɭ'ɳe cf. Skt. VAL- 'to turn ... H View
65 Sinhalese HARENAWA View
34 Romani Greece boldól Z View
100 Old Church Slavonic обратити ɔbrɑtiti H View
95 Serbo-Croatian obrnuti ɔˈbř̩ːnuti An alternative lexeme is 'okrenuti'. H View
15 Bulgarian обръщам uˈbrɤʃtəm H View
92 Macedonian врти ˈvərti H View
60 Russian поворачивать pɔvɔ'ratʃivatʲ H View
55 Polish odwracać ɔdˈvratsatɕ 'turn (about head)' H View
55 Polish skręcać ˈskrentsatɕ 'turn (about a car etc.)' (J) View
16 Belarusian паварочваць pavaˈrotʂvatsʲ Depending on the context various ... H View
73 Ukrainian обертати ɔbɛrˈtatɪ Depending on the context various ... H View
66 Slovak odbočiť ˈɔdbɔtʃic 1. The car turned left ... (Af) View
66 Slovak otočiť ˈɔtɔtʃic 2. I turned my head ... S View
18 Czech otočit ˈɔtɔtʃɪt 2. I turned my head ... S View
18 Czech odbočit ˈɔdbɔtʃɪt 1. The car turned left ... (Af) View
48 Sorbian Upper wobroćić ˈwɔbʀɔtʃitʃ H View
48 Sorbian Upper wotbočić ˈwɔtbotʃitʃ 1. The car turned left ... (Af) View
48 Sorbian Upper zwjertnyć ˈzwĕɛʀtnɘ̟tʃ 2. I turned my head ... H View
47 Sorbian Lower wótbocyś ˈwɘ̟tbɔtsɘ̟ɕ 1. The car turned left ... (Af) View
47 Sorbian Lower wobrośiś ˈhɔbrɔɕiɕ 2. I turned my head ... H View
97 Slovenian obračati ɔˈbrǎːtʃati An alternative lexeme is 'obrniti ... H View
108 Old Prussian wartinna H View
44 Latvian vḕrš H View
44 Latvian grìež T View
46 Lithuanian SUKTI split from DKB, IE *seu- ... View
46 Lithuanian KRYPTI split from DKB P View
109 Old Norse hverfa ˈɣverva < IE *kuerp- (Walde 1930: 1 ... Ab View
109 Old Norse ríða Ac View
109 Old Norse snúa(sk) ˈsnuːa(sk) AF snýr K View
109 Old Norse venda ˈvenda U View
36 Icelandic snúa ˈstnuːa K View
36 Icelandic venda ˈvɛnd̥a U View
23 Faroese venda ˈvɛnd̥a U View
23 Faroese snúgva ˈsnɪɡ̊va Also 'to convert'. K View
58 Norwegian Riksmal snu snʉː K View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vende ˈvɛ̀nːə U View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vri Ac View
159 Stavangersk vria ˈvʁìːa Ac View
159 Stavangersk venna ˈʋɛ̀nːa U View
159 Stavangersk snu snʉː K View
157 Old Swedish hvärva ˈhværva Ab View
157 Old Swedish vända ˈvænda U View
157 Old Swedish snoa ˈsnoːa K View
157 Old Swedish vridha ˈvriːða Ac View
69 Swedish vrida ˈvrìːda Ac View
69 Swedish vända ˈvɛ̀nda U View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SNO, VAN K View
70 Swedish Uppland VANDA SIG OM U View
145 Elfdalian rwaiða ˈrwɑ̀ɪðɑ Ac View
145 Elfdalian wenda U View
20 Danish vende sig ˈvɛnə sɑj also [sɑ]. U View
20 Danish dreje ˈdʁɑjə (B) View
20 Danish vride ˈvʁiːðə Ac View
158 Danish Fjolde dræj dɹæj (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde vrii vɹiː Ac View
158 Danish Fjolde veend veːnʲ U View
161 Gutnish Lau snåu snou K View
161 Gutnish Lau vändä ˈvɛndɛ U View
161 Gutnish Lau bräidä ˈbrɛɪdɛ Ac View
99 Old English went U View
22 English to turn tɜ:n (I) View
26 Frisian wiele, wielje 'vi.ələ, 'vi.əljə split from DKB, IE *quel- ... View
26 Frisian draaie 'dra:i̯ə split from DKB. Replaced DRAEIJE. B View
21 Dutch wenden 'wɛndə(n) Removed LOEVEN as not in ... U View
21 Dutch draaien ˈdraɪə B View
24 Flemish DRAAIJEN B View
83 Afrikaans OMDRAAI, DRAAI, KEER B View
87 Sranan DRAI B View
126 Old High German wentit U View
126 Old High German kērit J View
27 German wenden 'vɛndn̩ U View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch DRAY B View
120 Luxembourgish dréinen B View
121 German Switzerland trääie B View
107 Gothic wandeiþ U View
132 Umbrian vurtus fut. pf. H View
132 Umbrian couertu iptv. H View
112 Latin uertere ˈwertere uertō, uertere, uertī, uersum H View
17 Catalan girar ʒi'ɾa Replaced tornar 'return' (false friend). A View
56 Portuguese girar ʒiˈɾaɾ A View
56 Portuguese virar viˈɾaɾ F View
68 Spanish VOLVER < Lat. VOLVERE H View
68 Spanish girar xi'ɾaɾ Intrans. A View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FURRIAI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro GIRARE A View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ORTARE I View
85 French Creole Dominica VIWE F View
76 Walloon TOURNER I View
25 French tourner tuʀne I View
57 Provencal VIRA, VIROUIA F View
42 Ladin VERDSCHER split from DKB H View
42 Ladin GIRER split from DKB A View
146 Dolomite Ladino menà View
123 Romansh volver H View
122 Friulian voltâ View
122 Friulian zirâ A View
39 Italian girare dʒi'rare A View
59 Romanian A COTI F View
59 Romanian a se întoarce a se ɨnˈto̯ar.ʧe View
59 Romanian A VIRA F View
127 Old Irish soïd soʔiðʹ Ad View
101 Middle Cornish nedha 'nɛða ‘twist, spin’, IE *sne(h ... View
101 Middle Cornish omdreylya əm'drɛɪlja treylya ‘turn, turn back’, etym ... View
172 Middle Breton treiff ˈtreiṽ View
12 Breton troiñ G View
12 Breton TURGNA View
79 Welsh troi G View
38 Irish COR < CORN 'roll', prob. Lat. CORNU 'horn', see there /cognate/2457/ View
38 Irish cas kas View
115 Scottish Gaelic tionndaidh Ad View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME U KTHYER C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K STREFO L View
28 [Legacy] Greek D GURNAO A View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md GURISZO, GURNO A View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md STRIBO split from DKB L View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian OKRENUTI SE J View
113 [Legacy] Serbian skrenuti skrěːnuti J View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P VURT A H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian VRTI, ZAVRTI, OBRNE H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P VERTET H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P WIERCIC H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VAROCAC H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VERTITY H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KRUTIT J View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P VRTIET H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P VRATITI H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ABRNI SE H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KREIPTI P View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian VIRAR F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich drehen < Pr. Germ. *þrēan- 'to turn'. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C VUHWE, TUNE I View
14 [Legacy] Breton St treiñ trɛĩ G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se TROEIN G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C TROI G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CASADH < CAS 'curl', root connection dub ... View