IELex

tree

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wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. All trees have roots.
2. The tree has a thick trunk, the bush has a thin one.
3. There is a tall tree growing over there.
4. He cut down the tree.

Not to be confused with designations of particular tree species, as well as the collective ‘forest’ or ‘wood (material)’. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *dóru genitive *dréws C View
80 Hittite tāru C View
81 Tocharian A ṣtām N View
82 Tocharian B stām N View
88 Albanian dru Also 'wood'. From PAlb *druwa ... C View
143 Standard Albanian pemë Orel glosses this lexeme as ... (U) View
2 Albanian Sicily ARVUGHAM View
4 Albanian Corinth dru Also 'wood'. From PAlb *druwa ... C View
3 Albanian Gheg drû Also 'wood'. From PAlb *druwa ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk pemë Borrowed from Lat pōmum 'fruit ... (U) View
6 Albanian Tosk dru Also 'wood'. From PAlb *druwa ... C View
110 Ancient Greek δένδρον déndron G.sg. δένδρου; alternative form ... C View
152 Tsakonian δεντζικο C View
32 Greek δέντρο ˈðe̞n̪dro̞ C View
31 Greek Lesbos DENDRO C View
129 Classical Armenian ծառ caṙ Cf. /lexeme/28668/ 'woods'. P View
8 Armenian Eastern caṙ ʦɑr P View
7 Armenian Western SZAR P View
128 Avestan vana O View
136 Sogdian wn’ Manichean O View
75 Wakhi DERUXT A View
9 Baluchi DRASHK A View
118 Kurdish dar A View
137 Zazaki dār A View
72 Tajik CUB split from DKB View
72 Tajik darazt dæræxt split from DKB A View
54 Persian derakht deˈɾæxtʰ A View
77 Waziri WUNA O View
1 Pashto VENA split from DKB O View
1 Pashto DIRAXT split from DKB A View
138 Shughni dōrg A View
138 Shughni d(i)raxt A View
139 Sarikoli x̆ыng View
139 Sarikoli daraxt A View
52 Ossetic baelac bælas, bælaʃ D View
124 Ossetic Iron bɐlaš bɐlaš D View
125 Ossetic Digor bɐlasɐ bɐlasɐ D View
141 Kata-viri kʌnü T View
154 Vasi-vari mutu < Kati muṭə 'log of wood'. (Ab) View
154 Vasi-vari pe'ōṭ Cognate with /cognate/790/ 'leaf'. Aa View
153 Askunu kándä T View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vr̥kṣás IE *u(e)rad-, u ... R View
162 Pāḷī rukkha R View
41 Khaskura RUKH R View
41 Khaskura BOT View
51 Nepali GACH E View
51 Nepali RUKH R View
106 Assamese gɒs gɒs E View
102 Oriya gɔchɔ gɔchɔ E View
10 Bengali gac ɡɑs, ɡɑtʃʰ Also 'plant'. E View
111 Bihari gach gach E View
144 Magahi पेड peɽ Ac View
104 Marwari jaɭ jaɭ ‘a tree’ K View
104 Marwari līm AF nīm, both Nimadi View
104 Marwari rūnkh R View
35 Hindi PER Ac View
119 Urdu درخت d̪ɾəχt A View
103 Sindhi vaṇu O View
43 Lahnda DREXT (A) View
53 Punjabi DEREKHET (A) View
33 Gujarati JHAR K View
50 Marathi dzhād dzʰaɖ K View
40 Kashmiri KULU View
65 Sinhalese GASA E View
34 Romani Greece KOPAC cf. Alb. 'tree' KOPAC (Buck ... (V) View
100 Old Church Slavonic дрѣво drævɔ C View
95 Serbo-Croatian drvo ˈdr̩̂vɔ C View
15 Bulgarian дърво dərˈvɔ C View
92 Macedonian дрво ˈdərvɔ C View
60 Russian дерево 'dʲɛrʲɛvɔ C View
55 Polish drzewo ˈd-ʐɛvɔ C View
16 Belarusian дрэва ˈdrɛva C View
73 Ukrainian дерево ˈdɛrɛʋɔ C View
66 Slovak strom strɔm H View
18 Czech strom strɔm H View
48 Sorbian Upper štom ʃtɔm (Ad) View
47 Sorbian Lower bom bɔm (B) View
97 Slovenian drevo drɛˈvôː C View
108 Old Prussian garian P View
44 Latvian darva 'tar' (< tree resin) C View
44 Latvian kòks J View
46 Lithuanian drevė "tree hollow" C View
46 Lithuanian derva "tar, resin" C View
46 Lithuanian medis ˈmʲæ:dʲɪs M View
109 Old Norse tré treː C View
36 Icelandic tré tʰrjɛː C View
23 Faroese træ tʰɹɛaː Also 'wood', 'timber'. C View
58 Norwegian Riksmal tre tɾeː C View
159 Stavangersk tre tʁeː C View
157 Old Swedish trä træː C View
69 Swedish träd trɛ:(d) C View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina TRE TRA C View
70 Swedish Uppland TRA(D) C View
145 Elfdalian trai trɑɪ C View
20 Danish træ d̥ʰʁɛˀ C View
158 Danish Fjolde boam boam (B) View
161 Gutnish Lau träi trɛɪ C View
99 Old English trēow C View
22 English tree tri: C View
26 Frisian beam bɪəm Changed from BOME. B View
21 Dutch boom bom B View
24 Flemish BOOM B View
83 Afrikaans BOOM B View
87 Sranan BOOM B View
126 Old High German boum B View
27 German Baum baŭm B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch BAWM B View
120 Luxembourgish Bam B View
121 German Switzerland boum B View
107 Gothic bagms B View
112 Latin arbor ˈarbor G.sg. arboris F View
17 Catalan arbre 'aβɾə Removed ABRE. F View
56 Portuguese árvore ˈaɾvuɾɨ F View
68 Spanish árbol 'aɾβol F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MATTA View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ARBURE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro UNNU View
85 French Creole Dominica PYE I View
76 Walloon ABE F View
25 French arbre aʀbʀ F View
57 Provencal AUBRE F View
42 Ladin BOS cognate with /cognate/347/? View
146 Dolomite Ladino alber Online dictionary gives arbol (same ... F View
123 Romansh bösch X View
123 Romansh plonta W View
123 Romansh alber F View
122 Friulian arbul F View
122 Friulian bosc X View
122 Friulian plante W View
39 Italian albero 'albero F View
59 Romanian arbore 'arbore F View
59 Romanian POM < Lat. POMUS 'fruit-tree, fruit' (Ciorănescu 2002: 619), see 'fruit' in /cognate/2658/ View
59 Romanian copac ko'pak View
74 Vlach ARBURI F View
140 Gaulish uidu- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... G View
140 Gaulish bilio- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... Y View
140 Gaulish prenne L View
127 Old Irish crann krann < IE *kwsno-; root *kwers- ... L View
127 Old Irish bile bʹilʹe (Y) View
127 Old Irish cráeb kraiβ (Z) View
149 Old Cornish pren L View
149 Old Cornish guiden G View
101 Middle Cornish pren (L) View
101 Middle Cornish gwydh gwɪ:ð collective G View
148 Old Breton pren L View
148 Old Breton guid G View
172 Middle Breton guezenn, guzen ˈgueːðen Singulative. The corresponding collective is ... View
12 Breton gwez G View
79 Welsh gwydden G View
79 Welsh derwen 'oak' (C) View
79 Welsh coeden singulative Q View
79 Welsh pren (L) View
38 Irish crann L View
38 Irish dair 'oak' (C) View
115 Scottish Gaelic crann (L) View
115 Scottish Gaelic craobh Z View
147 Manx billey Y View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T dru Also 'wood'. From PAlb *druwa ... C View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T shelg Borrowed from Lat. salix 'willow'. (S) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K DENDRON C View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DENTRO C View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DENTRO C View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian DRVO C View
113 [Legacy] Serbian drvo drʋo C View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P DURVO C View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian DRVO C View
94 [Legacy] Russian P DEREVO C View
93 [Legacy] Polish P DRZEWO C View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DREVA C View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P DEREVO C View
19 [Legacy] Czech E STROM H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P DREVO C View
91 [Legacy] Czech P STROM H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian DREV C View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O MEDIS M View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian árvore ˈaʁvoɾi F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Baum < Pr. Germ. *bagma- ‘beam, tree’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C PYE BWA I View
14 [Legacy] Breton St prenn L View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gwez gwe:s Removed -ENN (plural marker). Colloquial. G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GUEEN G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C COEDEN Q View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CRANN L View