IELex

tooth

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Description

1. The grown-up person has a lot of teeth, the newborn baby has no teeth.
2. Old men usually have few teeth yet.
3. You can break a tooth while eating hard food.

Generic term; to be strictly separated from specific kinds of teeth (molars, cuspids, wisdom teeth, etc.). If no single term can be determined (e.g., in Basque, which lexically separates ‘back tooth, molar’ from ‘front tooth, incisor’ and uses the compound of both to denote ‘teeth’ in general), two roots can be taken as synonyms. Alternatively a statistical test of usage coudl identify which is the most common (basic) term. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁dónt-, *h₁dn̥t- Originally the PPA of the ... B View
114 Proto-Indo-European *ǵembʰ- C View
80 Hittite gagas AF: kagas, maybe related to ... View
81 Tocharian A kam C View
82 Tocharian B keme C View
88 Albanian dhëmb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
143 Standard Albanian dhëmb Variant = dhamb. C View
2 Albanian Sicily dhëmb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
4 Albanian Corinth dhëmb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
3 Albanian Gheg dhamb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk dhëmb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
173 Mycenaean Greek o-da-ke-we-ta B View
110 Ancient Greek ὀδούς odúːs G.sg. ὀδόντος B View
152 Tsakonian οντα B View
32 Greek δόντι ˈðo̞ndi B View
31 Greek Lesbos DONTI B View
129 Classical Armenian ատամն atamn B View
8 Armenian Eastern ատամ ɑˈtɑm B View
7 Armenian Western AGRA View
128 Avestan dātā- B View
128 Avestan dantānō (pl.) B View
136 Sogdian dnṭ’ Christian B View
75 Wakhi DENDUK B View
9 Baluchi DATHAN B View
118 Kurdish diran B View
118 Kurdish didan B View
137 Zazaki dindān B View
72 Tajik dandon dændɔːn B View
54 Persian dandan dændɒːn B View
77 Waziri GHWOSH, GHOSH A View
1 Pashto GAS relation to /lexeme/20305/? A View
138 Shughni dindūn B View
139 Sarikoli δandun B View
52 Ossetic daendag dændaɡ B View
124 Ossetic Iron dɐndag dɐndag B View
125 Ossetic Digor dɐndag dɐndag B View
141 Kata-viri dutʰ B View
154 Vasi-vari lätəm B View
153 Askunu dunt B View
105 Vedic Sanskrit dán B View
162 Pāḷī danta B View
41 Khaskura DANT B View
51 Nepali DAT B View
106 Assamese dat dat B View
102 Oriya dantɔ dantɔ B View
10 Bengali dat d̪ɑt B View
111 Bihari dãt dãt B View
144 Magahi दांत d̪ɑt̪ View
104 Marwari dā̃t B View
35 Hindi dat d̪ãːt̪ B View
119 Urdu دانت d̪ɑ̃t̪ B View
103 Sindhi ḍ̑əndu ɖ̑əndu B View
43 Lahnda DEND B View
53 Punjabi DEND B View
33 Gujarati DAT B View
50 Marathi dāt dat B View
40 Kashmiri DAND B View
65 Sinhalese DATA B View
34 Romani Greece DANT B View
100 Old Church Slavonic зѫбъ zɔ̃bʊ̆ C View
95 Serbo-Croatian zub zûːb C View
15 Bulgarian зъб zɤb C View
92 Macedonian заб zab C View
60 Russian зуб zub C View
55 Polish ząb zɔmb C View
16 Belarusian зуб zub C View
73 Ukrainian зуб zub C View
66 Slovak zub zub C View
18 Czech zub zub C View
48 Sorbian Upper zub zub C View
47 Sorbian Lower zub zub C View
97 Slovenian zob zôːb C View
108 Old Prussian dantis B View
44 Latvian zòbs C View
46 Lithuanian DANTIS B View
109 Old Norse to̜nn tɔnː B View
36 Icelandic tönn tʰœnː B View
23 Faroese tonn tʰɔnː B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal tann tanː B View
159 Stavangersk tånn, tann tɔnː, tanː B View
157 Old Swedish tan tanː B View
69 Swedish tand tand B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina TAN, FRAMTAN B View
70 Swedish Uppland TAND, FRAMTAND B View
145 Elfdalian tann tɑnː B View
20 Danish tand d̥ʰanˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde tand tɑnʲ B View
160 Old Gutnish tandr Only gen.pl. tanna attested B View
161 Gutnish Lau tann tanː B View
99 Old English tōþ B View
22 English tooth tu:θ B View
26 Frisian tosk tosk B View
21 Dutch tand tɑnt B View
24 Flemish TAND B View
83 Afrikaans TAND B View
87 Sranan TIFI B View
126 Old High German zan B View
27 German Zahn t͜sa:n B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ZAW (FEDDERSCHT) B View
120 Luxembourgish Zant B View
121 German Switzerland zang B View
107 Gothic tunþus B View
130 Oscan dunte[s] abl. pl.? View
112 Latin dens dens G.sg. dentis B View
17 Catalan dent den, dent All other dialects, Valencia and ... B View
56 Portuguese dente ˈdẽtɨ B View
68 Spanish diente 'djente B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari DENTI B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro DENTE B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro DENTE B View
85 French Creole Dominica DA B View
76 Walloon DINT B View
25 French dent dɑ̃ B View
57 Provencal DENT B View
42 Ladin DAINT B View
146 Dolomite Ladino dent B View
123 Romansh dent B View
122 Friulian dint B View
39 Italian dente 'dɛnte B View
59 Romanian dinte 'dinte split from DKB B View
59 Romanian ZIMT split from DKB View
74 Vlach DINC B View
127 Old Irish fec ɸʹek (D) View
127 Old Irish dét dʹe:d B View
149 Old Cornish dans B View
101 Middle Cornish dans dans B View
148 Old Breton dant B View
172 Middle Breton dant ˈdant B View
12 Breton dant B View
79 Welsh dant B View
38 Irish déad (B) View
38 Irish fiacail D View
115 Scottish Gaelic deud (B) View
115 Scottish Gaelic fiacail ˈfʲiəkəlʲ D View
147 Manx feeackle D View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T dhëmb From PAlb *dzamba, a dialectal ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K ODOUS B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DONTI B View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DONTI B View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZUB C View
113 [Legacy] Serbian zub zûːb C View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZUB C View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ZAB, ZABI C View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ZUB C View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZAB C View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZUB C View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZUB C View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ZUP C View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ZUB C View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ZUB C View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian OD NAPREJ ZOBY C View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DANTIS B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian dente ˈdẽtʃi B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Zahn < Pr. Germ. *tanþ-, *tunþ- 'tooth'. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C DA B View
14 [Legacy] Breton St dant dãnt B View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DANT B View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DANT B View
37 [Legacy] Irish A FIACAL D View