IELex

they

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Description

Stylistically neutral 3rd pl person; various honorific forms must be excluded. Direct stem. Differentiation in distance may occur, e.g. in Indo-Aryan languages.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite e I View
133 Luvian apinzi View
133 Luvian -ata View
134 Lycian -ẽ View
134 Lycian -ebtte dat. View
81 Tocharian A cem no exactly corresponding form found ... J View
82 Tocharian B cey J View
88 Albanian ATA no exactly corresponding form found ... J View
143 Standard Albanian ata (m), ato (f) J View
2 Albanian Sicily ATA J View
4 Albanian Corinth ATA J View
3 Albanian Gheg ATA J View
6 Albanian Tosk ATA, ATO J View
110 Ancient Greek ἐκεῖνοι ekȇːnoi̯ see 'that' in /lexeme/18947/ (I), (K), (L) View
110 Ancient Greek οὗτοι hȗːtoi̯ G.pl. τούτων (stem allomorphy ... J, M View
32 Greek αυτοί afˈti J View
31 Greek Lesbos AUTOI J, M View
129 Classical Armenian nokʰa C View
8 Armenian Eastern nrank' nəˈɾɑnkʰ C View
7 Armenian Western ANONK C View
128 Avestan J View
136 Sogdian ’wy(h) Sogdian, Manichean Q View
75 Wakhi YUST, HAEIUST View
9 Baluchi ESHAN D View
137 Zazaki D View
72 Tajik онҳо, онон onho, onon D View
54 Persian ishan iˈʃɒːn Removed UNA. D View
77 Waziri AGHA View
1 Pashto DUJ, JE H View
138 Shughni dād, wād View
52 Ossetic udon wɨdon Q View
124 Ossetic Iron wydon wydon Q View
125 Ossetic Digor je-tɐ je-tɐ View
141 Kata-viri amki R View
105 Vedic Sanskrit tḗ J View
162 Pāḷī te J View
41 Khaskura UNIHARU N View
51 Nepali TI pl. of /lexeme/11455/ J View
51 Nepali tinihəru tinihəru E View
51 Nepali unihəru unihəru E View
106 Assamese xihɒ̃t xihɒ̃t J View
106 Assamese tānō Mayang J View
102 Oriya semane semane nominative, semanɔ-nkɔ (oblique) J View
10 Bengali ORA ORA E View
10 Bengali taro 'tɑɹɒ View
111 Bihari osəb osəb View
144 Magahi ओहनी ohəni View
104 Marwari ɛ ɛ direct (?) View
104 Marwari direct (?), bɪɳã (obl.) (originally distal ... View
104 Marwari iɳā iɳā obl. (originally prox. dem. pron.) View
35 Hindi VE, YE H View
119 Urdu وُہ woʰ N View
103 Sindhi hī/ū originally demonstrative pl. pronoun, hi ... N View
43 Lahnda O N View
53 Punjabi O N View
33 Gujarati EO, TEO J View
50 Marathi te, tyā, tī te, tja, ti: Removed HE. J View
40 Kashmiri TIM J View
65 Sinhalese OVHU, OHU E View
34 Romani Greece KOLA View
100 Old Church Slavonic oni ɔni Primarily a demonstrative pronoun. L View
100 Old Church Slavonic и ji Primarily a demonstrative pronoun. B View
100 Old Church Slavonic ти ti Primarily a demonstrative pronoun. J View
95 Serbo-Croatian oni ˈɔ̌ni L View
15 Bulgarian те J View
92 Macedonian тие ˈti.ɛ J View
60 Russian они ɔ'nʲi L View
55 Polish oni ˈɔɲi L View
16 Belarusian яны jaˈnɨ L View
73 Ukrainian вони ʋɔˈnɪ L View
66 Slovak oni ˈɔɲi L View
18 Czech oni ˈɔɲɪ L View
48 Sorbian Upper woni ˈwɔnʲi L View
47 Sorbian Lower wóni ˈwɘ̟ɲi L View
97 Slovenian oni ˈɔ̌ːni L View
108 Old Prussian tennei see 'there' in /cognate/3020/ L View
44 Latvian vin ̜-i alternative root from 'one': see ... M View
46 Lithuanian jie Removed JOS. B View
109 Old Norse þeir θɛir J View
36 Icelandic þeir θeiːr J View
23 Faroese teir tʰaiːɹ J View
58 Norwegian Riksmal de diː J View
159 Stavangersk di diː, di J View
157 Old Swedish the ˈθeː J View
69 Swedish de dɔmː J View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina DAM J View
70 Swedish Uppland DE J View
145 Elfdalian dier dɪɛːr J View
20 Danish de di J View
158 Danish Fjolde di di J View
161 Gutnish Lau di, de dɪː, deː J View
99 Old English hīe O View
22 English they ðɛɪ (J) View
26 Frisian hja ja View
26 Frisian sy sɛɪ Changed from SE. J View
21 Dutch zij zɛi J View
24 Flemish ZY J View
83 Afrikaans HULLE, HUL View
87 Sranan DEM J View
126 Old High German sie J View
27 German sie zi: J View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SIE J View
120 Luxembourgish si J View
121 German Switzerland si J View
107 Gothic eis I View
130 Oscan iusc View
112 Latin eiː eī, eae, ea (G.sg ... F View
17 Catalan ells Masculine. (Feminine elles.) F View
56 Portuguese eles ˈelɨʃ Removed second -L-. F View
68 Spanish ellos 'eʎos F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari ISSOS < Lat. IPSE prob. redub. stem ... J View
62 Sardinian Logudoro IPSOS (M.PL.) < Lat. IPSE prob. redub. stem ... J View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ISSOS < Lat. IPSE prob. redub. stem ... J View
85 French Creole Dominica YO G View
76 Walloon I (BEFORE CONSONANT), IL (BEFORE VOWEL) F View
25 French ils, elles il, ɛl F View
57 Provencal ELI F View
42 Ladin ELS F View
146 Dolomite Ladino lori P View
123 Romansh els m, ellas f F View
122 Friulian lôr P View
39 Italian coloro ko'loro Removed EGLINO as not in ... P View
39 Italian essi es'si Removed EGLINO as not in ... J View
59 Romanian ELE F View
59 Romanian ei jej F View
74 Vlach AESTI, ACELI (FEM) F View
127 Old Irish é e: I View
101 Middle Cornish i i Middle Corn. independ. Form, AF ... J View
101 Middle Cornish aga seems to be Middle Corn ... View
101 Middle Cornish gi Late Corn. enclitic form, AF ... View
101 Middle Cornish ən dʒej ən dʒej an dzhei = Late Corn. indep ... View
172 Middle Breton y, i i View
12 Breton i J View
79 Welsh hwy hwi J View
38 Irish siad ʃiəd Removed IADSAN. Added initial s-. J View
115 Scottish Gaelic iad J View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ata aˈta J View
29 [Legacy] Greek K AUTOI see 'he' in /lexeme/18762/ J, M View
28 [Legacy] Greek D AUTOI J, M View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md AUTOI, TOUS J, M View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ONI L View
113 [Legacy] Serbian oni ǒni (m.), one (f.), ona (n.) L View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TE J View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ONI split from DKB L View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian tie tiɛ split from DKB J View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ONI L View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ONI L View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P JANY L View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VONY L View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ONI L View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ONI L View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ONI L View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ONI L View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O JIE B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian eles ˈelis F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich sie J View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C YO G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St i, int i, ĩnt J View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se I, INT J View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C HWY J View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SIAD J View