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wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)


1. This house here is bigger than that house (over) there.
2. Where is the knife? There it is!
3. This one is bigger than that one.

A complex case, since in a great part of the world’s languages the pronominal systems of spatial deixis are much more complex than the binary opposition here ~ there in Modern English. Such systems can include several degrees of proximity (both on the horizontal and vertical axis), references to the location of the speaker and the addressee, or indication of some special features of the object (e.g., animate/inanimate or visible/invisible). It is recommended to try to reveal the most basic binary opposition between ‘here’ (close) and ‘there’ (far away). If this is completely impossible, several (standardly three) pronouns should be listed as synonyms. Elicitation may be facilitated by accompanying deictic gestures. Antonym with no. 75 'here'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite apiya APU-, APA-: "no direct cognates ... View
81 Tocharian A tmaṃ B View
82 Tocharian B tane B View
82 Tocharian B omp = OPers. AVA- 'that one' (Windekens ... B View
88 Albanian ATJE B View
143 Standard Albanian atje Compound of a- (as in ... B View
2 Albanian Sicily ATJE B View
4 Albanian Corinth ATJE B View
3 Albanian Gheg ATJE, ATY B View
6 Albanian Tosk ATJE B View
110 Ancient Greek ἐκεῖ ekȇː Adverb. comp. of E (= *u- ... E, M View
32 Greek εκεί e̞ˈci E, M View
31 Greek Lesbos EKEI E, M View
129 Classical Armenian and View
8 Armenian Eastern aynteł but cf. different classification in ... B View
7 Armenian Western HON View
131 Old Persian avadā L View
136 Sogdian ’wc’ Christian L View
9 Baluchi ODHA L View
137 Zazaki owrā L View
72 Tajik DAR ON CO J View
54 Persian unja ɒːndʒɒː L View
77 Waziri WOLATA A View
1 Pashto HALTA A View
138 Shughni yamand, yamard View
139 Sarikoli woδ, moδ, doδ L View
139 Sarikoli ы/ům L View
52 Ossetic um wɨm G View
124 Ossetic Iron wym wym G View
125 Ossetic Digor womi womi G View
105 Vedic Sanskrit tátra B View
162 Pāḷī tattha B View
41 Khaskura UTHA L View
51 Nepali UTA split from DKB L View
51 Nepali TYAHA split from DKB, TYA = cogn ... B View
106 Assamese tāt(e) B View
102 Oriya se(i)ṭhi se(i)ʈhi AF seṭhare View
10 Bengali OKHANE View
111 Bihari omhar, ota, ohiṭhām split L View
111 Bihari tatau split B View
144 Magahi उंहा ʊhɑ̃ View
104 Marwari uʈʈhɛ uʈʈhɛ stative L View
35 Hindi VEHA comp. of WA (= Nep. U ... L View
119 Urdu وہاں wəhɑ̃ L View
103 Sindhi tithe ‘in that place’ View
103 Sindhi (h)utē (h)utē lit. ‘that place’ L View
43 Lahnda UTTHA L View
53 Punjabi OTTHE L View
33 Gujarati TYA B View
50 Marathi tethe, titha 'tetʰe, 'titʰə L View
40 Kashmiri TOR, TOTU B View
65 Sinhalese ETANA View
34 Romani Greece KOTE B View
100 Old Church Slavonic тѹ tu It can refer also to ... B View
95 Serbo-Croatian tamo ˈtâmɔ B View
15 Bulgarian там tam B View
92 Macedonian таму ˈtamu B View
60 Russian там tam B View
55 Polish tam tam B View
16 Belarusian там tam B View
73 Ukrainian там tam B View
66 Slovak tam tam B View
18 Czech tam tam B View
48 Sorbian Upper tam tam B View
47 Sorbian Lower tam tam B View
97 Slovenian tam tam B View
108 Old Prussian stwen B View
44 Latvian tùr B View
46 Lithuanian TEN, TENAI see /lexeme/22003/ I View
109 Old Norse þar θar B View
36 Icelandic þar θaːr B View
23 Faroese har hɛaːɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal der dæːɾ B View
159 Stavangersk der dɛːʁ B View
157 Old Swedish thär θæːr B View
69 Swedish där dæːr Removed DARI, DARVIDLAG. B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina DAR, DENA DENAN B View
70 Swedish Uppland DAR B View
145 Elfdalian dar dɑːr B View
20 Danish der dɛɐ̯ B View
158 Danish Fjolde deær deæɹ B View
160 Old Gutnish þar B View
161 Gutnish Lau där dɛːr B View
99 Old English þǣr B View
22 English there ðɛə B View
26 Frisian der dər cogn. with 'where' in /lexeme ... B View
21 Dutch daar, aldaar dar, ɑl'dar B View
24 Flemish DAER B View
83 Afrikaans DAAR B View
87 Sranan JANDA, JANDASO fr. NE YONDER? View
126 Old High German dār B View
27 German dort dɔrt B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ES View
120 Luxembourgish do B View
121 German Switzerland dört B View
107 Gothic þar B View
130 Oscan ifei ? S View
132 Umbrian ef S View
132 Umbrian eruk S View
132 Umbrian ife S View
112 Latin illīc EXCLUDED. (C) View
112 Latin ibi ˈibiː cf. 'here' in /cognate/2691 ... S View
17 Catalan allà ə’ʎa View
17 Catalan aqui ə’ki more 'here' than 'there'. See ... C View
56 Portuguese ALLI, ACOLA C View
56 Portuguese ɐˈi Related to lexeme/12911/ (?). C View
68 Spanish ALLA C View
68 Spanish ahí a'i C View
61 Sardinian Cagliari INNIA H, S View
62 Sardinian Logudoro INNI H, S View
63 Sardinian Nuoro IN KUE H, S View
85 French Creole Dominica LA C View
76 Walloon LA C View
25 French la C View
57 Provencal LA, CAI, SIAN C View
123 Romansh C View
122 Friulian là, culà C View
39 Italian là, colà, lì la, ko'la, li Added li (=distal analogue of ... C View
59 Romanian acolo aˈkolo C View
74 Vlach AKLO C View
127 Old Irish tall tall View
101 Middle Cornish ena 'ɛna K View
172 Middle Breton vase ˈvaːse Note that Middle Breton has ... View
12 Breton aze D View
79 Welsh yno K View
38 Irish ansin ənˈʃinʲ Replaced ANN SUD, ANN SAN ... F View
115 Scottish Gaelic an siud (F) View
115 Scottish Gaelic an sin F View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T atje atˈjɛ B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K EKEI E, M View
28 [Legacy] Greek D EKEI E, M View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md EKEI E, M View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TAMO B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian tamo tâmo presentative B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian eno I View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TAM B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian tamy ˈtamu B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P TAM B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P TAM B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P TAM B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TAM B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E TAM B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P TAM B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P TAM B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian TOM B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O TENAI I View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian ai aˈi removed ALI, LA. C View
142 [Legacy] German Munich da < Pr. Germ. *þar ‘there’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LA C View
14 [Legacy] Breton St aze ˈaze D View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se AZE D View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C YNA K View
37 [Legacy] Irish A ANNSAN F View