IELex

swim

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Description

1. Is there anyone among your friends who cannot swim?
2. If you do not learn to swim, you will drown.
3. There is someone swimming out there.

Of human, not of fish, other animals, or inanimate objects. Should be kept apart from more specific terms like ‘to cross, to swim across (a water body)’, ‘to bathe / wash oneself’, or designations of specific techniques of swimming. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *néh₂-u- D View
82 Tocharian B nāṣṣäṃ 'nask-' 'to bathe' D View
88 Albanian notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
143 Standard Albanian notoj Borrowed < Rom *notāre replacing Cl ... (D) View
2 Albanian Sicily notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
4 Albanian Corinth notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
3 Albanian Gheg notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
6 Albanian Tosk notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
110 Ancient Greek νέω néɔː Inf. νεῖν D View
152 Tsakonian κολιουμπου H View
32 Greek κολυμπώ ˌko̞liˈmbo̞ H View
31 Greek Lesbos KOLUMPO H View
129 Classical Armenian լողամ lołam Identical to /lexeme/28496/ 'to ... E View
8 Armenian Eastern լողալ loˈʁɑl E View
7 Armenian Western լողալ loˈʁɑl E View
136 Sogdian fsn’y- Manichean D View
75 Wakhi USINAWERI TSER, QELOC XUS-, WEZAN DI- D View
9 Baluchi TARAGH, TARATHA, THAHARAGH, THAHARTHA M View
118 Kurdish mele kirin N View
118 Kurdish ajnaberî lîstin O View
137 Zazaki āzne D View
72 Tajik SINO KARDAN L View
54 Persian SHENA KARDAN L View
77 Waziri LAMBEYA (SWIMMING) A View
1 Pashto LAMBO VAHEL A View
138 Shughni x̆inow D View
138 Shughni wāz D View
139 Sarikoli ub čɛyg(ɛw) C View
52 Ossetic lenk kaenyn, nakae kaenyn lenk kænɨn, nakæ kænɨn J View
124 Ossetic Iron lenk kɐn- lenk kɐn- J View
125 Ossetic Digor naka kɐn- naka kɐn- P View
105 Vedic Sanskrit právatē F View
162 Pāḷī pilavati/palavati F View
41 Khaskura PAURNU K View
51 Nepali PAURANU K View
106 Assamese xãtor xãtor View
102 Oriya pɔhɔ̃r- pɔhɔ̃r- K View
10 Bengali SATAR KATA Q View
111 Bihari heləb heləb AF nik haeəb R View
144 Magahi पैरना pɛrnɑ K View
151 Bhojpuri pãũr K View
104 Marwari tērū ‘a swimmer’ I View
35 Hindi TERNA I View
119 Urdu تَیرنا t̪ɛɾnə I View
103 Sindhi tāru-ū ‘swimmer’ I View
43 Lahnda TAEREN I View
53 Punjabi TERNA I View
33 Gujarati TERWU I View
50 Marathi pohne 'poɦɳe cf. Oriya - possible cognate class? K View
40 Kashmiri TSATH, LAYUNU J View
65 Sinhalese PINANAWA K View
34 Romani Greece NAYAV D View
100 Old Church Slavonic плавати plɑvɑti An alternative lexeme is 'плѹти ... F View
95 Serbo-Croatian plivati ˈplîvati F View
15 Bulgarian плувам ˈpɫuvəm F View
92 Macedonian плива ˈpliva F View
60 Russian плыть pɫɨtʲ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'плавать'. F View
55 Polish pływać ˈpwɘ̟vatɕ Multidirectional verb, unidiretional: 'płynąć'. F View
16 Belarusian плаваць ˈpɫavatsʲ Multidirectional verb. Unidirectional verb: 'плыць ... F View
73 Ukrainian плавати ˈpɫaʋatɪ Multidirectional verb. Unidirectional verb: 'плисти ... F View
66 Slovak plávať ˈplaːvac F View
18 Czech plavat ˈplavat F View
48 Sorbian Upper płuwać ˈpʰuwatʃ F View
47 Sorbian Lower plěś plʲɪɕ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'plěwaś'. F View
97 Slovenian plavati ˈplâːvati F View
44 Latvian pel ̂-d spaces or dashes inserted G View
46 Lithuanian PLAUKTI F View
109 Old Norse svima, svimma, symja ˈsvima, ˈsvimːa, ˑsymja AF svimmr B View
36 Icelandic synda ˈsɪnd̥a B View
23 Faroese svimja ˈsvɪmja B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal svømme ˈsʋø̀mːə B View
159 Stavangersk symma ˈsʏ̀mːa B View
157 Old Swedish simma ˈsimːa B View
69 Swedish simma ˈsɪ̀mːa B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SAM SEM B View
70 Swedish Uppland SIMMA B View
145 Elfdalian simma ˈsɪ̀mːɑ B View
20 Danish svømme ˈsvœmə B View
158 Danish Fjolde svem svem B View
161 Gutnish Lau simä ˈsɪːmɛ B View
99 Old English swimþ B View
22 English to swim swɪm B View
26 Frisian swimme 'svɪmə B View
21 Dutch zwemmen 'zwɛmə(n) B View
24 Flemish ZWEMMEN B View
83 Afrikaans SWEM B View
87 Sranan SWEM B View
126 Old High German swimmit B View
27 German schwimmen 'ʃvɪmən B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHWIMM B View
120 Luxembourgish schwammen B View
121 German Switzerland schwümme B View
107 Gothic *swimman B View
112 Latin nāre ˈnaːre nō, nāre, nāuī D View
17 Catalan nedar nə'ða D View
56 Portuguese nadar nɐˈdaɾ D View
68 Spanish nadar na'ðaɾ D View
61 Sardinian Cagliari NARAI D View
62 Sardinian Logudoro NADARE D View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ANATARE D View
85 French Creole Dominica NEZE D View
76 Walloon NOYI D View
25 French nager naʒe D View
57 Provencal NADA D View
42 Ladin NUDER D View
146 Dolomite Ladino nodèr Online dictionary gives nodà. D View
123 Romansh senudar D View
122 Friulian nadâ D View
39 Italian nuotare nwo'tare D View
59 Romanian a înota D View
74 Vlach KULIMBISESKU cf. Rum. COLIMVITRA 'baptistery' < Gr ... View
127 Old Irish snaïd snaʔiðʹ < IE *snā- ‘to flow; swim ... D View
101 Middle Cornish neuva 'nœvja D View
172 Middle Breton neuff, neuf, neu ˈnøːṽ View
12 Breton neuñv D View
79 Welsh nofio D View
38 Irish snámh D View
115 Scottish Gaelic snàmh D View
147 Manx snaue D View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T notoj Loan < Rom *notāre, replacing ClLat ... (D) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KOLUMBO H View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KOLUMPAO H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KOLUMPO H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PLIVATI F View
113 [Legacy] Serbian plivati plîʋati Also 'float' (of objects). F View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PLAVAM F View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PLIVA F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P PLAVAT F View
93 [Legacy] Polish P PLYWAC F View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P PLAVAC F View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P PLAVATY F View
19 [Legacy] Czech E PLOVAT F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P PLAVAT F View
91 [Legacy] Czech P PLAVATI F View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian JE SOV SE KAPAT 'to bathe' ? View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O PLAUKTI F View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian NADAR D View
142 [Legacy] German Munich schwimmen View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C NAZE D View
14 [Legacy] Breton St neuial, neuñviñ 'nøjal, 'nœ̃:vĩ D View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se NEANNEIN D View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C NOFIO D View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SNAMH D View