IELex

stone

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Description

1. He took a stone in his hand.
2. He threw a stone at the bird and killed her.
3. He used a stone to beat a peg into the ground.
4. Stones can be of different colours.

An average-size stone that can be taken into one’s hand (and used as a tool). It is preferable to separate this term from words for notably smaller stones (‘pebble’, ‘gravel’, etc.) and notably bigger stones (‘boulder’, ‘block’ etc.). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekmon G View
80 Hittite peruna AF: piruna, passus; prob. cogn ... View
80 Hittite aku- G View
81 Tocharian A pāreṃ View
82 Tocharian B kärweñe View
88 Albanian gur Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
143 Standard Albanian gur < Pr. Alb. *gura, continuing IE ... B View
2 Albanian Sicily gur Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth gur Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg guri Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk gur Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
173 Mycenaean Greek ra-e-ja laːhei̯a- Adjective of material, N.sg ... View
110 Ancient Greek πέτρος pétros EXCLUDE. (H) View
110 Ancient Greek λίθος lítʰos G.sg. λίθου. W View
152 Tsakonian πετσε H View
32 Greek πέτρα ˈpe̞tra H View
32 Greek λιθάρι EXCLUDE. (W) View
31 Greek Lesbos PETRA H View
129 Classical Armenian վէմ vêm View
129 Classical Armenian քար kʰar May be connected with Olr ... C View
8 Armenian Eastern քար kʰɑɾ Cf. OIr carrac 'rock' although ... C View
7 Armenian Western քար kʰɑr C View
128 Avestan asma G View
131 Old Persian asā G View
131 Old Persian aθanga- G View
136 Sogdian sng Sogdian G View
75 Wakhi GHAR B View
9 Baluchi KHOH P View
118 Kurdish kevir R View
118 Kurdish ber R View
137 Zazaki ṣī S View
72 Tajik sang sæŋ G View
54 Persian SANG AF: asan- (Avestan) G View
77 Waziri TIZHA split from DKB U View
77 Waziri KONRAI split from DKB T View
1 Pashto DABARA V View
138 Shughni sang (G) View
138 Shughni žīr Q View
139 Sarikoli žer Q View
52 Ossetic dur dur N View
124 Ossetic Iron dur dur N View
125 Ossetic Digor dor dor N View
141 Kata-viri wʌt I View
154 Vasi-vari yīrë, yire B View
153 Askunu wāṭ I View
105 Vedic Sanskrit áśmā G View
162 Pāḷī amha/asama G View
162 Pāḷī pāsāṇa Y View
162 Pāḷī silā Z View
41 Khaskura DHUNGA K View
51 Nepali DHUNGO K View
106 Assamese xil xil View
102 Oriya pɔthɔrɔo pɔthɔrɔo D View
102 Oriya goṛi goɽi X View
10 Bengali PATHOR D View
111 Bihari pathər pathər D View
144 Magahi पत्थल pət̪t̪ʰəl View
104 Marwari bhãʈɛ bhãʈɛ infl. form?, AF bhāṭō D View
35 Hindi PETTHER D View
119 Urdu پتّھر pət̪ʰːəɾ D View
103 Sindhi patharu D View
43 Lahnda PETTHER D View
53 Punjabi PETTHER D View
33 Gujarati PETTNER D View
50 Marathi petther D View
50 Marathi dagad 'dəgəɖ K View
40 Kashmiri WATH split from DKB I View
40 Kashmiri KUNU split from DKB K View
65 Sinhalese GALA View
34 Romani Greece BAR I View
100 Old Church Slavonic камы kɑmɯ There is also a derivative ... G View
95 Serbo-Croatian kamen ˈkâmɛːn G View
15 Bulgarian камък ˈkamək G View
92 Macedonian kamen ˈkamɛn G View
60 Russian камень 'kamʲɛnʲ G View
55 Polish kamień ˈkamjɛɲ G View
16 Belarusian камень ˈkamʲɛnʲ G View
73 Ukrainian камінь ˈkaminʲ G View
66 Slovak kameň ˈkamɛɲ G View
18 Czech kámen ˈkaːmɛn G View
48 Sorbian Upper kamjeń ˈkamen G View
47 Sorbian Lower kamjeń ˈkameɲ G View
97 Slovenian kamen ˈkǎːmən G View
108 Old Prussian stabis IE *stebh- stem, bar, stone ... View
44 Latvian akmens G View
46 Lithuanian AKMUO G View
109 Old Norse steinn stɛinː A View
36 Icelandic steinn steid̥n Also 'rock'. A View
23 Faroese steinur ˈstaiːnʊɹ A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal sten steːn A View
159 Stavangersk steidn, stein ˈstɛɪdn̩, stɛɪn A View
157 Old Swedish sten steːn A View
69 Swedish sten ste:n A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina STEN A View
70 Swedish Uppland STEN A View
145 Elfdalian stie stɪɛ A View
20 Danish sten sd̥ʰen A View
158 Danish Fjolde stien sdien A View
160 Old Gutnish stain A View
161 Gutnish Lau stain staɪn A View
99 Old English stān A View
22 English stone stəʊn A View
26 Frisian stien sti.ən A View
21 Dutch steen sten A View
24 Flemish STEEN A View
83 Afrikaans STEEN A View
87 Sranan STOON, STON A View
126 Old High German stein A View
27 German Stein ʃtaĭn A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHTAY A View
120 Luxembourgish Steen A View
121 German Switzerland schtei A View
107 Gothic stains A View
132 Umbrian vapeře abl. O View
112 Latin petra ˈpetra EXCLUDED. early loan word from ... (E) View
112 Latin lapis ˈlapis G.sg. lapidis; IE *lep- ... O View
17 Catalan roc ɾɔk split from DKB; etymology unknown ... View
17 Catalan pedra ˈpeðɾə split from DKB E View
56 Portuguese pedra ˈpɛdɾɐ E View
68 Spanish piedra 'pjeðɾa E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari PERDA E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro PEDRA E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro PRETA E View
85 French Creole Dominica WOS E View
76 Walloon PIRE E View
25 French pierre pjɛʀ E View
57 Provencal pèira ˈpɛjɾo split from DKB. Changed from ... E View
57 Provencal CLAPO split from DKB L View
42 Ladin SASS split from DKB, Lat. saxum ... View
42 Ladin CRAP split from DKB L View
146 Dolomite Ladino pérå Online dictionary gives piera. E View
123 Romansh peidra E View
123 Romansh crappa L View
122 Friulian piere E View
122 Friulian clap L View
39 Italian pietra 'pjɛtra E View
59 Romanian piatră E View
74 Vlach KATRE View
140 Gaulish akaunon Reconstructed form based on attestations ... View
127 Old Irish lie lʹiʔe < IE *lēwnk-, root *lēu- ... View
127 Old Irish cloch klox J View
101 Middle Cornish karrek 'kar:ɛk M View
101 Middle Cornish men mɛ:n F View
148 Old Breton main F View
148 Old Breton carrec M View
172 Middle Breton maen, men, mean, mæn ˈmɛn View
12 Breton maen F View
12 Breton karreg M View
150 Old Welsh carrecc M View
150 Old Welsh mein F View
79 Welsh carreg M View
79 Welsh maen F View
38 Irish cloch kl̪ˠɔx Removed -OICHE, -A. J View
115 Scottish Gaelic clach J View
147 Manx clagh J View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T gur Also 'rock'. From PAlb *gura ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PETRA H View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PETRA H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PETRA H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian KAMEN G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian kamen kâmeːn G View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KAMUK G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian KAMEN G View
94 [Legacy] Russian P KAMEN G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P KAMIEN G View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KAMEN G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KAMIN G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KAMENY G View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P KAMEN G View
91 [Legacy] Czech P KAMEN G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian KAMEN G View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O AKMUO G View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian PEDRA E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Stein < Pr. Germ. *staina- 'stone'. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C HWOS E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St karreg M View
14 [Legacy] Breton St maen mẽn F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se MAEN F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CARREG M View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CLOCH J View