IELex

snake

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Description

1. A snake has eyes, a worm has no eyes.
2. Birds fly in the sky, snakes crawl on the ground.
3. The snake is basking in the sun.

Generic term for ‘snake’ or ‘small snake’ (see context 2). Should be kept apart from No.109 ‘worm’ (context 1). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂engwi D View
114 Proto-Indo-European *neh₁tr- View
81 Tocharian A arṣāl N View
82 Tocharian B arṣāklo N View
82 Tocharian B auk View
88 Albanian BOLLA split from DKB O View
88 Albanian BERI split from DKB C View
88 Albanian GJARPEN split from DKB E View
143 Standard Albanian gjarpër Orel also gives gjarpën. E View
2 Albanian Sicily GALPHRH E View
4 Albanian Corinth GARPER E View
3 Albanian Gheg BERI split from DKB C View
3 Albanian Gheg GJARPEN split from DKB E View
3 Albanian Gheg BOLLA split from DKB O View
6 Albanian Tosk GARPER E View
110 Ancient Greek ὄφις ópʰis G.sg. ὄφεως D View
110 Ancient Greek ἑρπετόν herpetón EXCLUDE. (E) View
110 Ancient Greek ἔχιδνα ékʰidna EXCLUDE. Alternative form ἔχις, ἔχιος. (D) View
32 Greek φίδι ˈfiði D View
31 Greek Lesbos FIDI D View
129 Classical Armenian աւձ awj D View
8 Armenian Eastern ōj D View
7 Armenian Western OTZ D View
128 Avestan ažiš D View
136 Sogdian kyrm Manichean Q View
75 Wakhi FUKS S View
9 Baluchi MAR A View
137 Zazaki mār A View
72 Tajik mor mɔːr A View
54 Persian mar mɒːɾ A View
77 Waziri MANGER A View
1 Pashto MAR A View
138 Shughni mōr A View
138 Shughni divūsk T View
139 Sarikoli tыfыsk T View
52 Ossetic kalm kalm Q View
124 Ossetic Iron kalm kalm Q View
125 Ossetic Digor χelagɐ χelagɐ R View
141 Kata-viri bimbistʌ U View
105 Vedic Sanskrit áhis D View
162 Pāḷī sappa E View
41 Khaskura NAG split from DKB L View
41 Khaskura LAMKIRA split from DKB, LAM 'long ... View
51 Nepali SAP E View
106 Assamese tāngloi Mayang View
106 Assamese xap xap AF horop 'serpent' (Mayang) E View
102 Oriya sapɔ sapɔ E View
10 Bengali sap ʃɑp E View
111 Bihari sãp sãp E View
144 Magahi सांप sɑ̃p E View
104 Marwari sap sap E View
35 Hindi sap sɑ̃ːp E View
119 Urdu سانپ sɑ̃p E View
103 Sindhi balā̄ View
103 Sindhi sapu E View
43 Lahnda SEP E View
53 Punjabi SEPP E View
33 Gujarati NAG split from DKB L View
33 Gujarati SAP split from DKB E View
50 Marathi sāp sap E View
40 Kashmiri SARAPH E View
65 Sinhalese NAYA L View
34 Romani Greece SAP E View
100 Old Church Slavonic змия zmija H View
95 Serbo-Croatian zmija ˈzmǐja H View
15 Bulgarian змия zmiˈja H View
92 Macedonian змија ˈzmija H View
60 Russian змея 'zmʲɛja H View
55 Polish wąż vɔɰ̃ʐ D View
16 Belarusian змяя zʲmʲaˈja An alternative lexeme is 'вужака ... H View
73 Ukrainian змія zmiˈja H View
66 Slovak had ɦad I View
18 Czech had ɦad I View
48 Sorbian Upper had had I View
47 Sorbian Lower wuž huʐ An alternative lexeme is 'zmija ... D View
97 Slovenian kača kǎːtʃa V View
108 Old Prussian angis D View
44 Latvian čũska P View
46 Lithuanian gyvatė ɡʲi:ˈʋa:tʲe: M View
46 Lithuanian ZALTYS Removed cognate coding as was ... View
109 Old Norse ormr ormr K View
109 Old Norse snákr snaːkr J View
109 Old Norse slangi ˈslanɣi (B) View
109 Old Norse naðr naðr G View
36 Icelandic slanga ˈstlauŋɡ̊a (B) View
36 Icelandic ormur ˈɔrmʏr From Old Norse ormr, from ... K View
36 Icelandic snákur ˈstnauːkʰʏr J View
23 Faroese snákur ˈsnɔaːkʰʊɹ (J) View
23 Faroese ormur ˈɔɹmʊɹ K View
23 Faroese slanga ˈslaŋɡ̊a (B) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal orm uɾm K View
58 Norwegian Riksmal slange ˈslàŋːə (B) View
159 Stavangersk årm ɔʁm K View
157 Old Swedish slanga ˈslaŋːa (B) View
157 Old Swedish ormber ˈormber K View
69 Swedish orm ʊrm K View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ORM K View
70 Swedish Uppland ORM K View
145 Elfdalian uorm ʉərm older form: "launggmakk" lit. 'long-bug' K View
20 Danish slange ˈslɑŋə (B) View
20 Danish snog snoˀ (J) View
158 Danish Fjolde snuog snuoɣ (J) View
158 Danish Fjolde slange ˈslɑŋə (B) View
160 Old Gutnish ormr Only pl. ormar attested K View
161 Gutnish Lau årm orm K View
99 Old English nædre G View
99 Old English wyrm K View
99 Old English snaca J View
22 English snake sneɪk J View
26 Frisian slang(e) 'slaŋ(ə) Changed presentation of source form. B View
21 Dutch slang slɑŋ B View
24 Flemish SLANG B View
83 Afrikaans SLANG B View
87 Sranan SNEKI J View
126 Old High German nātra View
126 Old High German slango < OHG slingan 'to wind, turn'. B View
126 Old High German wurm K View
27 German Schlange 'ʃlaŋə B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHLUNG B View
120 Luxembourgish Schlaang B View
121 German Switzerland schlange B View
107 Gothic adrs G View
107 Gothic waúrms K View
112 Latin anguis ˈaŋgwis Of the two Latin "snake ... D View
112 Latin serpēns ˈserpeːns Of the two Latin "snake ... E View
17 Catalan serp, serpent seɾp, səɾ'pen E View
56 Portuguese serpente sɨɾˈpẽtɨ E View
56 Portuguese cobra ˈkɔβɾɐ F View
68 Spanish serpiente seɾ'pjente E View
68 Spanish CULEBRA F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SERPENTI E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro SERPENTE E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro THERPENTE E View
76 Walloon SIERPINT, CHERPINT E View
25 French serpent sɛʀpɑ̃ E View
57 Provencal SERP, SERPENT E View
42 Ladin SERP, ZERP E View
123 Romansh serp E View
122 Friulian sarpint E View
122 Friulian madrac View
39 Italian serpe 'sɛrpe Also 'serpente'. E View
59 Romanian șarpe ˈʃarpe E View
74 Vlach NEPUNDIKE View
127 Old Irish nathair naθərʹ G View
101 Middle Cornish nader G View
101 Middle Cornish sarf (E) View
101 Middle Cornish gorthfyl ‘snake, reptile’ View
101 Middle Cornish aer (G) View
172 Middle Breton azr, aezr ˈaðr View
12 Breton naer, aer G View
79 Welsh neidr G View
38 Irish nathair G View
115 Scottish Gaelic nathair G View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T gjarpër ˈɟʑaɾpəɹ E View
29 [Legacy] Greek K OFUS D View
28 [Legacy] Greek D FIDI D View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md FIDI D View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZMIJA H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian zmija zmǐja H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZMIJA H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ZMIJA H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ZMEJA H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZMIJA H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZM AJA H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZMIJA H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E HAD I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ZMIJA H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P HAD I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian KACA View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GYVATE M View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian serpente seʁˈpẽtʃi E View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian cobra ˈkɔbɾɐ F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Schlange < Pr. Germ. *slangan- ‘snake’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C (NO GENERIC TERM) KULEV, KUHWES (GRASS) F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St naer 'naɛr G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se NAER G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C NEIDR G View