IELex

smoke

«smell (prev) ― 149 ― (next) smooth»
wordlist: ‘all’

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Description

1. With no wind, smoke from the bonfire rises straight up.
2. Smoke gets in my eyes.

Smoke as the result of combustion of wood, grass, dry dung (not after cremation). Should be distinguished from ‘vapour’ or specific kinds of smoke (e.g., ‘(thick) black smoke’). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós A View
80 Hittite tuhhuwais A View
88 Albanian TYMI C View
143 Standard Albanian tym Continues PAlb *ātuma connected with ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily kem Another form is qem. From ... F View
4 Albanian Corinth kem Another form is qem. From ... F View
3 Albanian Gheg tym Continues PAlb *ātuma connected with ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk tym Continues PAlb *ātuma connected with ... C View
173 Mycenaean Greek ka-pi-ni-ja kapnía- Noun attested in PY Vn ... F View
110 Ancient Greek καπνός kapnós G.sg. καπνοῦ F View
152 Tsakonian καπ(ι)νε F View
32 Greek καπνός kaˈpno̞s F View
31 Greek Lesbos KAPNOS F View
129 Classical Armenian մուխ mux Not attested in 'Golden Age ... (E) View
129 Classical Armenian ծուխ cowx H View
8 Armenian Eastern ծուխ ʦuχ H View
8 Armenian Eastern մուխ mux (E) View
7 Armenian Western MOOGH AF: mux E View
128 Avestan dūta- A View
136 Sogdian pzt Sogdian G View
174 Khotanese dumä dumə A View
75 Wakhi DIT A View
9 Baluchi DUHON A View
118 Kurdish dûkel A View
118 Kurdish dûxan A View
137 Zazaki dūy A View
72 Tajik DUD A View
54 Persian DUD A View
77 Waziri DE YOR LIGAI A View
1 Pashto DUD A View
138 Shughni δud A View
139 Sarikoli δyd, δud A View
52 Ossetic faezdaeg fæzdæɡ split from DKB, /cognate/575/ G View
52 Ossetic x'uaecae qwætsæ split from DKB I View
124 Ossetic Iron fɐždɐg fɐždɐg G View
125 Ossetic Digor qwɐcɐ qwɐcɐ View
141 Kata-viri dʸum A View
154 Vasi-vari ulyūmo A View
153 Askunu dŭm A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit dhūmás A View
162 Pāḷī dhūma A View
41 Khaskura DHUWAN A View
51 Nepali DHUWA A View
106 Assamese dhõa dhõa A View
102 Oriya dhũã dhũã A View
10 Bengali DHOA, DHUO A View
111 Bihari dhũa dhũa A View
144 Magahi धुंआ d̪ʰʊɑ̃ View
104 Marwari dhũnwo dhũnwo A View
35 Hindi DHUA A View
119 Urdu دُھواں d̪ʰʊwɑ̃ A View
103 Sindhi duuhon ‘smoke, fume, vapour, smoking fire’ A View
43 Lahnda DHU A View
53 Punjabi TUA A View
33 Gujarati DHUMARO A View
50 Marathi dhūr dʰu:ɾ A View
40 Kashmiri DAH A View
65 Sinhalese DUMA A View
34 Romani Greece DUMANO A View
100 Old Church Slavonic дымъ dɯmʊ̆ A View
95 Serbo-Croatian dim dîm A View
15 Bulgarian пушек ˈpuʃɘk M View
92 Macedonian чад tʃad There are some alternative lexemes ... L View
60 Russian дым dɨm A View
55 Polish dym dɘ̟m A View
16 Belarusian дым dɨm A View
73 Ukrainian дим dɪm A View
66 Slovak dym dim A View
18 Czech kouř kɔur̝̊ K View
18 Czech dým diːm A View
48 Sorbian Upper kur kuʀ K View
47 Sorbian Lower dym dɘ̟m An alternative lexeme is 'kuŕ ... A View
97 Slovenian dim dim A View
108 Old Prussian dumis A View
44 Latvian dũmi A View
46 Lithuanian DUMAI A View
109 Old Norse reykr rɛykr cf. /lexeme/21606/ B View
36 Icelandic reykur ˈreiːkʰʏr see also 'dust' /lexeme/8290 ... B View
23 Faroese roykur ˈɹɔiːkʰʊɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal røyk (røk) ɾœʏk B View
159 Stavangersk röïg ʁœɪɡ B View
157 Old Swedish röker ˈrøːker B View
69 Swedish rök rø:k B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ROK B View
70 Swedish Uppland ROK B View
145 Elfdalian räk ræːk B View
20 Danish røg ʁʌjˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde ryøg, ryøk ɹyøɣ, ɹyøɡ B View
161 Gutnish Lau råik roɪk B View
99 Old English rēoc B View
99 Old English smoca E View
22 English smoke sməʊk E View
26 Frisian reek re:k removed RIIK. B View
21 Dutch rook rok B View
24 Flemish ROOK B View
83 Afrikaans ROOK B View
87 Sranan SMOKO E View
126 Old High German rouh B View
27 German Rauch raŭx B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHMOECK E View
120 Luxembourgish Damp A View
121 German Switzerland rouch B View
107 Gothic þymiama ‘smoke sacrifice’ A View
112 Latin fūmus ˈfuːmus gen. fūmī A View
17 Catalan fum fum removed GASSA. A View
56 Portuguese fumo 'fumu A View
68 Spanish humo 'umo A View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FUMU A View
62 Sardinian Logudoro FUMU A View
63 Sardinian Nuoro UMU A View
85 French Creole Dominica LAFIME A View
76 Walloon FOUMIRE A View
25 French fumée fyme A View
57 Provencal FUM, FUMADO A View
42 Ladin FUM A View
146 Dolomite Ladino fum A View
123 Romansh fugascha < fugar < Lat focāre. View
123 Romansh fem A View
122 Friulian fum(â) A View
39 Italian fumo 'fumo A View
59 Romanian fum A View
74 Vlach FUMU A View
127 Old Irish múch mu:x (E) View
127 Old Irish dʹe: < IE *dhw-i(y)-Vt-; root ... A View
101 Middle Cornish mog mɔ:g E View
148 Old Breton moguet E View
172 Middle Breton moguet ˈmoːget View
12 Breton moged E View
79 Welsh mwg E View
38 Irish múch (E) View
38 Irish deatach A View
38 Irish toit J View
115 Scottish Gaelic ceò same as 'dust' /cognate/1698/ View
115 Scottish Gaelic toit t̪ɔʰtʲ J View
115 Scottish Gaelic deathach (A) View
147 Manx jaagh A View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T tym Continues PAlb *ātuma connected with ... C View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KAPNOS F View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian DIM A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian dim dîm A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P DIM A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian CAD View
94 [Legacy] Russian P DYM A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P DYM A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DYM A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P DYM A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KUR D View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P DYM A View
91 [Legacy] Czech P DYM A View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian DIM A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DUMAI A View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian FUMO A View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Rauch < Pr. Germ. *rauki- ‘smoke’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LAFIME A View
14 [Legacy] Breton St moged 'mo:gɛt E View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se MOGED E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C MWG E View
37 [Legacy] Irish A DEATACH (TOIT U.) A View