IELex

seed

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Description

1. When the seed falls on the ground, it grows into a plant.
2. Seeds were scattered on the ground.

Generic term for ‘seed’ of any plant; the word that can be applied to as many different plant species as possible. Not specifically ‘fruit-stone’, although the same root may be used for both small and large seeds. To be kept separate from more specialized terms (‘seed for sowing’, ‘moist seed’, ‘seed of a particular group of plants, e.g., cereals’). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite warwalan View
80 Hittite sai-, siya- 'sow, seed' B View
133 Luvian warwalan View
81 Tocharian A sārm sāry- 'sow' B View
81 Tocharian A śäktālyi View
82 Tocharian B sārm see /lexeme/23207/ B View
82 Tocharian B śäktālye View
143 Standard Albanian farë Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... G View
2 Albanian Sicily farë Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... G View
4 Albanian Corinth kokë Borrowed from Lat coccum 'berry ... View
4 Albanian Corinth farë Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... G View
6 Albanian Tosk farë Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... G View
173 Mycenaean Greek pe-mo spérmo Many attestations. See DMic. for ... G View
110 Ancient Greek σπέρμα spérma G.sg. σπέρματος. G View
152 Tsakonian πραμα G View
32 Greek σπόρος ˈspo̞ro̞s G View
31 Greek Lesbos SPOROS G View
129 Classical Armenian սերմն sermn B View
8 Armenian Eastern սերմ seɾm B View
8 Armenian Eastern HATIK prob. connected to HATANEM 'to ... View
7 Armenian Western սերմ sɛɾm Mallory & Adams (2006:97) state ... B View
128 Avestan taoxma H View
128 Avestan čiθrəm C View
136 Sogdian tγmy Sogdian H View
75 Wakhi TUGHUM H View
9 Baluchi bidz D View
118 Kurdish bizir D View
118 Kurdish tov H View
72 Tajik tuxm tuxm Same as 'egg'. H View
72 Tajik DON, DONA A View
54 Persian tokhm toxm H View
77 Waziri TEMNA, TEMNA I View
1 Pashto DANA A View
138 Shughni tuqm H View
139 Sarikoli teɣm H View
52 Ossetic GAGA L View
52 Ossetic tawinag tawinaɡ K View
52 Ossetic NAEMYG J View
124 Ossetic Iron nɐmyg nɐmyg J View
125 Ossetic Digor nɐmug nɐmug J View
153 Askunu D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit bí̄jam D View
41 Khaskura BIU D View
51 Nepali BIU D View
106 Assamese guti/xɒ̃s guti/xɒ̃s not sure whether separate terms ... View
102 Oriya mɔnǰi mɔnǰi View
10 Bengali BIJ, BICI D View
111 Bihari biya biya D View
144 Magahi बीच्चा biccɑ View
104 Marwari gokhroo ‘seeds of a grass used ... View
35 Hindi BIJ D View
119 Urdu بِیج biʤ D View
103 Sindhi sibaṇu ‘to sow’ View
43 Lahnda BIJ D View
53 Punjabi BI D View
33 Gujarati BI D View
50 Marathi bi: D View
40 Kashmiri BYOLU D View
65 Sinhalese BIJA D View
65 Sinhalese ATA View
34 Romani Greece GIV View
100 Old Church Slavonic сѣмѧ sæmɛ̃ B View
95 Serbo-Croatian sjeme ˈsjɛ̂mɛ Ekavian variant: 'seme' [ˈsɛ̂mɛ]. B View
15 Bulgarian seme ˈsɛmɘ B View
92 Macedonian семе ˈsemɛ B View
60 Russian зерно zʲɛrˈnɔ B View
55 Polish nasiono naˈɕɔnɔ Also 'nasienie'. The word 'ziarno ... B View
16 Belarusian насенне naˈsʲɛnʲnʲɛ An alternative lexeme is 'семя ... B View
73 Ukrainian насіння naˈsinʲnʲa B View
66 Slovak semeno ˈsɛmɛnɔ B View
18 Czech semeno ˈsɛmɛnɔ B View
48 Sorbian Upper symjo ˈsɘ̟mjɔ 'Symjo' is a collective noun ... B View
47 Sorbian Lower semje ˈsɛmĕɛ 'Symje' is a collective noun ... B View
97 Slovenian seme ˈsěːmɛ B View
108 Old Prussian semen B View
44 Latvian sę̃kla B View
46 Lithuanian sekla ˈsʲe:klɐ B View
109 Old Norse frjó frjoː AF fræ F View
109 Old Norse sáð saːð (B) View
36 Icelandic sáð sauːð (B) View
36 Icelandic fræ fraiː F View
23 Faroese fræ fɹɛaː F View
23 Faroese sáð sɔaː (B) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal sæd sæːd (B) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal frø fɾøː F View
159 Stavangersk frø fʁøː F View
157 Old Swedish sädh sæːð (B) View
157 Old Swedish frö frøː F View
69 Swedish säd sɛ:d (B) View
69 Swedish frö frøː F View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FRO F View
70 Swedish Uppland FRO F View
145 Elfdalian frie frɪɛː F View
145 Elfdalian säð (B) View
20 Danish frø fʁœˀ F View
20 Danish sæd sɛˀð (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde seæ seæ (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde fryø fɹyø F View
160 Old Gutnish seþ (B) View
161 Gutnish Lau fråi froɪ F View
161 Gutnish Lau sed seːd (B) View
99 Old English sǣd B View
22 English seed si:d B View
26 Frisian sie(d) si.ə(t) Changed presentation of source form. B View
21 Dutch zaad zat B View
24 Flemish ZAED B View
83 Afrikaans SAAD B View
87 Sranan SIRI B View
126 Old High German sāmo B View
27 German Saat za:t B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SAWME B View
120 Luxembourgish Som B View
121 German Switzerland saame B View
107 Gothic fraiw F View
112 Latin sēmen ˈseːmen G.sg. sēminis B View
17 Catalan gra gɾə Removed GRANA. E View
56 Portuguese semente sɨˈmẽtɨ B View
68 Spanish semilla se'miʎa B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SEMINI B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro SEMEN B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro SEMENE B View
85 French Creole Dominica GWEN E View
76 Walloon S(I)MINCE B View
25 French semence s(ə)mɑ̃s B View
57 Provencal GRANO E View
42 Ladin SEM, SEMENZA B View
146 Dolomite Ladino semenză Online dictionary gives somenza. B View
123 Romansh sem, semenza B View
122 Friulian semence B View
39 Italian seme 'seme B View
59 Romanian sămânță səˈmɨnʦə Replaced SAMINTA. B View
74 Vlach SPOR G View
140 Gaulish silo- Reconstructed form. B View
127 Old Irish síl sʹi:l B View
101 Middle Cornish has 'ha:z B View
148 Old Breton att / hat Second form is Middle Breton. B View
172 Middle Breton hat, had ˈhaːt, ˈaːt B View
12 Breton had B View
79 Welsh had B View
38 Irish síol B View
115 Scottish Gaelic sìol B View
115 Scottish Gaelic fras (M) View
147 Manx rass Cognate with Gaelic fras 'seed'. (M) View
147 Manx sheel B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T farë faɹ(ə) Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... G View
29 [Legacy] Greek K SPOROS G View
28 [Legacy] Greek D SPOROS G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md SPOROS G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian SEME B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian seme sême AF sjeme B View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P SEME B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian SEME B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P SEM A B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P SIEMIE B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P SEM A B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SIM A B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ZRNO B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P SEMENO B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SEME B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian SEME B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SEKLA B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian semente seˈmẽtʃi B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Samen < Pr. Germ. *sēman- ‘seed’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C GHWEN E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St had a:t B View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se HAD B View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C HAD B View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SIOL B View