IELex

scratch

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Description

1. He scratched the scab/sore.
2. Animals with fleas scratch themselves all the time.

As with fingernails to relieve an itch.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- B View
80 Hittite *arrirrai View
88 Albanian KRUJ, KROUA C View
143 Standard Albanian gërvisht Orel claims source is unclear ... View
143 Standard Albanian kruaj < PAlb *krābnja. C View
2 Albanian Sicily RASKAR maybe cogn. with /cognate/2891/? View
4 Albanian Corinth KRUAN C View
3 Albanian Gheg KRUJ C View
6 Albanian Tosk KRUAN, AOR. KROVA C View
110 Ancient Greek κνάω knáɔː Inf. κνῆν, middle: κνῆσθαι ‘scratch ... Af View
32 Greek ksyno ˈk͡sino̞ Added intervocalic -n-. G View
31 Greek Lesbos KSUNO G View
129 Classical Armenian քերեմ kʰerem Also 'to rub, chop, skin’. T View
8 Armenian Eastern քերել kʰɛˈɾɛl (T) View
8 Armenian Eastern CANKREL T View
7 Armenian Western քերել (GERK) kʰɛˈɾɛl T View
75 Wakhi DRUP-, CUNGOL DI- Wakhi DROPT 'to tear, scratch ... S View
9 Baluchi KHARAGH, KHARITH E View
137 Zazaki wirīnāyiš U View
72 Tajik XORIDAN E View
54 Persian KHARIDAN E View
77 Waziri GARAWEL A View
1 Pashto GEREDEL A View
138 Shughni čangōl dedow S View
139 Sarikoli čɛw S View
124 Ossetic Iron nyχ- nyχ- J View
125 Ossetic Digor niχ- niχ- J View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kṣṇáuti (G) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit káṣati IE *qars- 'scratch, willow' (Walde ... W View
162 Pāḷī likhati V View
41 Khaskura KANEAUNU P View
51 Nepali KANYAUNU P View
106 Assamese ãsor ãsor X View
102 Oriya rampuḍiba rampuɖiba Y View
111 Bihari culculaeəb culculaeəb Z View
144 Magahi खरोजना kʰrocənɑ Aa View
104 Marwari kucarabō AF dantakucarabo 'to clean the ... Ab View
35 Hindi KHEROCNA G View
119 Urdu کُھرَچنا kʊɾəʧnə G View
103 Sindhi khãhaṇn Ac View
43 Lahnda KHUJLAWEN K View
53 Punjabi KHURCENA G View
33 Gujarati KHEJEWALWU K View
50 Marathi orbādne oɾbaɖ'ɳe Stress? Ad View
50 Marathi khajevne K View
40 Kashmiri KASHUN O View
65 Sinhalese KASANAWA O View
34 Romani Greece XALMAN View
100 Old Church Slavonic чєсати tʃɛsɑti Alternative lexemes could be 'стр ... (G) View
95 Serbo-Croatian češati ˈtʃɛ̌ʃati G View
15 Bulgarian чеша ˈtʃɛʃə G View
92 Macedonian гребе ˈɡrebɛ An alternative lexeme is 'драска ... Ag View
60 Russian чесать tʃɛ'satʲ G View
55 Polish drapać ˈdrapatɕ R View
16 Belarusian чухаць ˈtʂuxatsʲ In some contexts a reflexive ... Ae View
73 Ukrainian чухати ˈtʂuxatɪ Ae View
66 Slovak škrabať ˈʃkrabac T View
18 Czech škrábat ˈʃkraːbat In some contexts a reflexive ... T View
48 Sorbian Upper drapać ˈdʀapatʃ In some contextes a reflexive ... R View
47 Sorbian Lower drapaś ˈdrapaɕ R View
97 Slovenian praskati ˈprǎːskati Ah View
44 Latvian kasa AF kašã G View
46 Lithuanian KASYTI split from DKB G View
46 Lithuanian KRAPSTYTI split from DKB T View
109 Old Norse skefr (M) View
109 Old Norse hrífa ˈɣriːva (D) View
109 Old Norse klá klaː with fingernails', AF klóra ... I View
36 Icelandic klóra ˈkʰlouːra I View
23 Faroese klóra ˈkʰlɔuːɹa I View
58 Norwegian Riksmal klø kløː I View
159 Stavangersk klø kløː I View
157 Old Swedish kla klaː I View
157 Old Swedish riva ˈriːva D View
69 Swedish klå kloː old fashioned I View
69 Swedish klia I View
69 Swedish klösa ˈklø̀:sa I View
69 Swedish riva ˈrì:va D View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina KLA I View
70 Swedish Uppland RIVA D View
70 Swedish Uppland KLOSA I View
70 Swedish Uppland RISPA D View
145 Elfdalian klå klɔː I View
20 Danish kradse ˈg̥ʰʁɑsə (C) View
20 Danish klø ɡ̊ʰløˀ I View
158 Danish Fjolde klyø klyø I View
158 Danish Fjolde krats kɹats (C) View
161 Gutnish Lau kla, klå klaː, kloː I View
99 Old English plicgeþ split from DKB View
99 Old English scripþ split from DKB, cogn. only ... T View
22 English scratch skrætʃ orig. TO CRATCH, poss. loan ... C View
26 Frisian skrab skrab removed SKRAEB. T View
21 Dutch krabbelen, krabben 'krɑbələ(n), 'krɑbə(n) Added krabben. B View
24 Flemish KRABBEN B View
83 Afrikaans KRAP B View
87 Sranan KRABOE B View
87 Sranan KRASI C View
126 Old High German crazzōt View
27 German kratzen 'krat͜sn̩ C View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch GROTZ C View
120 Luxembourgish krazen C View
121 German Switzerland chräble maybe with NHG krabbeln 'to ... View
107 Gothic *krat-t-ōn C View
107 Gothic *raz-z-jan C View
112 Latin scabere ˈskabere scabō, scabere, scābī. M View
17 Catalan fregar frə'ɣa Same as 'rub'. Delinked from ... View
17 Catalan gratar gɾə'ta H View
56 Portuguese COCAR F View
56 Portuguese raspar ʀɐʃˈpaɾ Removed COM UNHAS. L View
68 Spanish rascar ras'kaɾ L View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SKRAFFI T View
62 Sardinian Logudoro RATTARE H View
63 Sardinian Nuoro GRATTARE TURA H View
85 French Creole Dominica GWATE H View
76 Walloon GRETER H View
25 French gratter gʀate H View
57 Provencal GRATA H View
42 Ladin SGRATTER, GRATTER H View
146 Dolomite Ladino rafà H View
146 Dolomite Ladino gratà H View
146 Dolomite Ladino russà View
123 Romansh sgratar H View
122 Friulian sgrifignâ T View
122 Friulian sgrafâ H View
39 Italian grattare grat'tare H View
59 Romanian A SCARPINA T View
59 Romanian a zgâria View
127 Old Irish scrípaid sʹkʹrʹi:bəðʹ T View
101 Middle Cornish sclum AF sclow View
101 Middle Cornish kravas 'kravas T View
101 Middle Cornish scrivinas (T) View
172 Middle Breton scrapat, scrabat ˈskaːbat Definition given by the Catholicon ... D, (T) View
172 Middle Breton criffyat, craffat ˈkrifjat, ˈkrafat Seems to mean to scratch ... View
12 Breton skrabat, kravat (T) View
79 Welsh crafu T View
38 Irish tachar (N) View
38 Irish scríob T View
115 Scottish Gaelic sgròb T View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME GERVROHTUR View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KSUO G View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KSUNO G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KSUNO G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian CESATI G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian češati tʃěʃati also reflexive G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian grepsti to scratch, grate, scrape', cognate ... View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P CESA G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian DRASKA Q View
94 [Legacy] Russian P CESAT G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P SKROBAC T View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CASAC G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SKREBTY T View
19 [Legacy] Czech E SCRABAT T View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P SKRABAT T View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SKRABATI T View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian PODRGNI View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DRASKYTI Q View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian COCAR F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich kratzen C View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C GHWAFIYE H View
14 [Legacy] Breton St skrabat 'skra:bat Changed from SKRABAN. Removed KRAVAT. T View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KRAUAT T View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CRAFU T View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TOCHAS N View