IELex

rotten

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Description

1. A healthy tree is hard, a rotten tree is soft.
2. Don't sit on that, the wood is rotten!

Especially of logs. Not of fruit or food.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite harranz formally related to IE *(h ... View
82 Tocharian B āmpau + "intensifying" prefix AM (Windekens) O View
88 Albanian PERTATS M View
88 Albanian DEMEL N View
143 Standard Albanian i, e kalbur C View
2 Albanian Sicily I-KALBET C View
4 Albanian Corinth I KALHBETE C View
3 Albanian Gheg KALBET split from DKB C View
3 Albanian Gheg DEMEL split from DKB N View
3 Albanian Gheg PERTATS split from DKB M View
6 Albanian Tosk KALHBUR C View
110 Ancient Greek σαπρός saprós G.sg. σαπροῦ. σαπρός, σαπρά ... Q View
32 Greek σάπιος ˈsapço̞s Q View
31 Greek Lesbos SAPIOS Q View
129 Classical Armenian փուտ p'ut View
129 Classical Armenian նեխեալ nexeal View
129 Classical Armenian փտեալ p'teal View
8 Armenian Eastern nexac comp. M. /lexeme/11311/ View
8 Armenian Eastern p’tac pʰəˈtɑʦ Related to /lexeme/522/? O View
7 Armenian Western PUDAZ O View
128 Avestan pūtō O View
136 Sogdian pwtqy Christian O View
75 Wakhi PITK O View
9 Baluchi GALAGH comp. /lexeme/24481/ View
72 Tajik PUSIDA O View
54 Persian PUSIDE O View
77 Waziri WROST A View
1 Pashto VROST A View
139 Sarikoli peδǰ O View
52 Ossetic aembyd æmbɨd O View
124 Ossetic Iron ɐmbyd ɐmbyd O View
125 Ossetic Digor ɐmbud ɐmbud O View
105 Vedic Sanskrit pú̄tis O View
162 Pāḷī pūtika O View
51 Nepali MAKINU (VB.) = MAKĀUNU 'rot away'? (Turner 1930 ... View
51 Nepali BISADDE neg. pref. BI- + SADDE 'sound ... H View
106 Assamese pɒsa pɒsa G View
102 Oriya pɔča pɔča G View
102 Oriya sɔḍha sɔɖha H View
10 Bengali JAOA (TO ROT) View
10 Bengali POCE G View
111 Bihari sarab ‘to rot’ I View
144 Magahi सडल səɽəl View
104 Marwari kədẽ kədẽ View
35 Hindi SERA I View
119 Urdu گَلا ہُؤا ɡəlɑ hʊwɑ comp. /lexeme/2082/ View
43 Lahnda SERI I View
53 Punjabi SEREA HOYA I View
50 Marathi sadlela səɖ'lelə H View
50 Marathi naska M. NĀS 'destruction, damage, loss ... View
50 Marathi sadkā səɖ'ka H View
40 Kashmiri DODURU View
65 Sinhalese DIRACCA View
34 Romani Greece SAPYO (Q) View
100 Old Church Slavonic съгнилъ sʊ̆ɡnilʊ̆ An alternative derivative is 'изгнилъ ... F View
95 Serbo-Croatian gnjio ˈɡɲî.ɔ F View
95 Serbo-Croatian truo ˈtrû.ɔ Aa View
15 Bulgarian гнил gniɫ F View
92 Macedonian гнил ɡnil F View
60 Russian гнилой gnʲi'ɫɔj F View
55 Polish zgniły zɡɲiwɘ̟ Refers to food (meet, fruits ... F View
16 Belarusian гнілы ɣnʲiˈɫɨ F View
73 Ukrainian гнилий ɦnɪˈɫɪj The lexeme refers to both ... F View
66 Slovak zhnitý ˈzɦɲitiː Refers to food (meet, fruits ... F View
18 Czech shnilý sxɲɪliː Refers to food. 'zpráchnivělý, práchnivý ... F View
48 Sorbian Upper zhniły ˈznʲiwɘ̟ For rotten wood also 'prochniwy ... F View
47 Sorbian Lower zgnity ˈzɡɲitɘ̟ F View
97 Slovenian gnil gnîːw F View
44 Latvian satrunẽjis J View
44 Latvian sapuvis O View
46 Lithuanian SUPUVES O View
109 Old Norse morkinn ˈmorkinː (R) View
109 Old Norse meyrr (V) View
109 Old Norse rotinn ˈrotinː (B) View
109 Old Norse fúna ˈfuːna infinitive of verb (O) View
109 Old Norse fúinn ˈfuːinː (O) View
36 Icelandic rotinn ˈrɔːtʰɪnː (B) View
36 Icelandic fúinn ˈfuːɪnː (O) View
36 Icelandic morkinn ˈmɔr̥kʰɪnː R View
36 Icelandic meyr V View
23 Faroese morkin ˈmɔɹ̥tʃɪn R View
23 Faroese spiltur ˈspɪltʰʊɹ from Old Norse 'spilla', PG ... (T) View
23 Faroese rotin ˈɹoːtʰɪn (B) View
23 Faroese fúgvin ˈfɪɡ̊vɪn (O) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal morken ˈmùɾkən of tree R View
58 Norwegian Riksmal råtten ˈɾɔ̀tːən (B) View
159 Stavangersk rådn ˈʁòːdn̩ (B) View
157 Old Swedish mör V View
157 Old Swedish rutin ˈruːtin (B) View
69 Swedish multen X View
69 Swedish murken ˈmɵ̀rkən of tree R View
69 Swedish rutten ˈrɵ̀tːən (B) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ROTAN B View
70 Swedish Uppland RUTTEN B View
145 Elfdalian rotin (B) View
145 Elfdalian fuoskun ˈfʉə̀skʉn (S) View
20 Danish mør V View
20 Danish rådden ˈʁʌðən (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde morsk (W) View
158 Danish Fjolde rårn ɹɔɹn B View
160 Old Gutnish fulr Only feminine from ful attested (O) View
161 Gutnish Lau rutn ruːtn (B) View
161 Gutnish Lau fäular ˈfɛular (O) View
161 Gutnish Lau multän X View
161 Gutnish Lau musken R View
99 Old English fūl O View
22 English rotten 'rɒtən (B) View
26 Frisian rotsje rɔtsjə loan as in Engl.? B View
21 Dutch versleten vər'sletə(n) *sleiĝ- < IE *lei- 'slimy, slippery ... (U) View
21 Dutch vermolmd Y View
21 Dutch verrot və'rɔt loan as in Engl.? (B) View
24 Flemish VERROTTEN loan as in Engl.? B View
83 Afrikaans ROT, VERROT, BEDERF, BEDERWE loan as in Engl.? B View
87 Sranan PORI View
126 Old High German fūl O View
27 German faul faŭl O View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch FAUL O View
120 Luxembourgish faul O View
121 German Switzerland morsch with NHG morsch 'rotten wood' View
107 Gothic fūls O View
112 Latin putridus ˈputridus G.sg. putridī. Cf. putris ... O View
17 Catalan podrit puðɾit Changed from PUDRIT. O View
17 Catalan CORROMPUT prob. fr. Lat. CORRUMPERE 'break ... View
56 Portuguese podre ˈpodɾɨ O View
68 Spanish podrido poð'ɾiðo O View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MALU K View
62 Sardinian Logudoro MALZU K View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ISKUSSERTU View
85 French Creole Dominica PUWI O View
76 Walloon (TO ROT) POURI O View
25 French pourri puʀi O View
57 Provencal POURRI O View
57 Provencal COUNFI, IDO View
42 Ladin PUTIRD O View
146 Dolomite Ladino sgnech View
146 Dolomite Ladino marz P View
123 Romansh marsch P View
122 Friulian vuast View
122 Friulian frait View
39 Italian marcio 'martʃo comp. /cognate/403/ P View
59 Romanian putred O View
74 Vlach PRUDITU O View
74 Vlach ASPARTU View
127 Old Irish lobtha loβθa D View
127 Old Irish morgthae morgθe (Z) View
101 Middle Cornish poder 'pɔdɛr L, (O) View
101 Middle Cornish casadow View
101 Middle Cornish podrethek AF peydrennow (L), (O) View
101 Middle Cornish breyn brɛɪn E View
101 Middle Cornish pesach View
172 Middle Breton brein, breyn ˈbrejn E View
12 Breton brein ˈbrejn E View
79 Welsh braen E View
79 Welsh pwdr L, (O) View
38 Irish morgtha (Z) View
38 Irish dreoite related to Ir. DROCH- 'bad ... View
38 Irish lofa D View
115 Scottish Gaelic loibhte D View
115 Scottish Gaelic grod View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T I, E KALBUR C View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian GNJIO F View
113 [Legacy] Serbian truo trûo judged more neutral. Also 'corrupt'. View
113 [Legacy] Serbian gnjio ɡɲîo F View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P GNIL F View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian IZGNIEN, SKAPAN, GNILI F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P GNILOJ F View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZGNILY F View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HNILY F View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P HNYLYJ F View
19 [Legacy] Czech E HNYILE F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P HNILY F View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SHNILY F View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian GRULA View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SUPUVES O View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian PODRE O View
142 [Legacy] German Munich morsch See Swiss German /lexeme/29132 ... View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C PUHWI O View
14 [Legacy] Breton St brein brɛjn E View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se BREIN E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C PWDR L, (O) View
37 [Legacy] Irish A LOBHTHA D View