IELex

road

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Description

1. There is a road from my village to the next one, but no road to the far away village.
2. He is walking on the road.

The most typical kind of walkway for the given region (path, trail, serpentine etc.); in many cultures, ‘path’ is the correct equivalent (since ‘road’ may be taken to represent a cultural term imposed by a technologically superior civilization). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *pent- View
80 Hittite palsas View
133 Luvian harwas View
81 Tocharian A ytār Aa View
82 Tocharian B ytārye Aa View
88 Albanian rrugë Borrowed < Rom *rūga id, continuing ... (A) View
88 Albanian udhë From PAlb *wada, based on ... C View
143 Standard Albanian rrugë Borrowed < Rom *rūga 'id', continuing ... (A) View
2 Albanian Sicily dhrom Late loan < Gk δρομος. (D) View
4 Albanian Corinth dhrom Late loan < Gk δρομος. (D) View
3 Albanian Gheg udha From PAlb *wada, based on ... C View
3 Albanian Gheg rruga Borrowed < Rom *rūga id, continuing ... (A) View
6 Albanian Tosk udhë From PAlb *wada, based on ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk rrugë Borrowed < Rom *rūga id, continuing ... (A) View
110 Ancient Greek ὁδός hodós G.sg. ὁδοῦ. Ad View
152 Tsakonian πορεία Cf ModGk πορεία 'walking'. View
32 Greek δρόμος ˈðro̞mo̞s N View
31 Greek Lesbos DROMOS N View
129 Classical Armenian շաւիղ šawił View
129 Classical Armenian ճանապարհ čanaparh Possibly < Iranian (see Olsen). E View
129 Classical Armenian ուղի ułi View
8 Armenian Eastern ułi split from DKB View
8 Armenian Eastern č̣anaparh ʧɑnɑˈpɑɾ Possibly an Iranian loan. E View
8 Armenian Eastern č̣amp’a ʧɑmˈpʰɑ split from DKB. Removed CANAPARH ... E View
7 Armenian Western JANBA E View
128 Avestan pantå J View
128 Avestan aδβa Ab View
131 Old Persian *paθi- J View
136 Sogdian r’θ Christian Ac View
75 Wakhi VEDEK F View
9 Baluchi DAG F View
118 Kurdish Ac View
137 Zazaki kuče View
72 Tajik POX J View
54 Persian RAH Ac View
77 Waziri LYAR Ac View
1 Pashto LAR Ac View
138 Shughni pun(d) J View
138 Shughni ra, ro Ac View
139 Sarikoli pond J View
52 Ossetic faendag fændaɡ J View
124 Ossetic Iron fɐndag fɐndag J View
125 Ossetic Digor nad nad View
154 Vasi-vari wūtō J View
153 Askunu pōt J View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ádhvā (Ab) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit pánthās AF? pádya 'way, road, path' J View
162 Pāḷī patha J View
162 Pāḷī magga Z View
41 Khaskura BATO Q View
51 Nepali BATO Q View
106 Assamese rasta rasta ‘road’ (considered Persian loan) (Y) View
106 Assamese bat bat ‘path’ Q View
102 Oriya baṭɔ baʈɔ ‘way, path’ Q View
102 Oriya sɔṛɔkɔ sɔɽɔkɔ G View
102 Oriya rasta rasta ‘road’; judged Persian loan (Y) View
10 Bengali RASTA (Y) View
10 Bengali SOROK G View
111 Bihari rasta rasta ‘path’ (Y) View
111 Bihari galli road' View
111 Bihari patha path', AF bāṭ View
111 Bihari sərək sərək ‘road' G View
144 Magahi सडक səɽək View
104 Marwari səɽək səɽək ‘road’ G View
104 Marwari marəg marəg ‘way’ (Z) View
104 Marwari rəsto rəsto ‘path’ Y View
35 Hindi marg marg (Z) View
35 Hindi RASTA (Y) View
35 Hindi SEREK G View
119 Urdu راستہ ɾɑst̪ə (Y) View
119 Urdu سَڑَک səɽək G View
103 Sindhi randu ‘path’ View
103 Sindhi mārikha ‘way’ View
103 Sindhi kūī ‘street’, AF kūe View
43 Lahnda SEREK G View
53 Punjabi SEREK G View
33 Gujarati RESTO (Y) View
50 Marathi sadak sə'ɖək G View
50 Marathi rastā ɾəs'ta (Y) View
40 Kashmiri WATH Q View
65 Sinhalese PARA View
34 Romani Greece DROM (N) View
100 Old Church Slavonic пѫть pɔ̃tɪ̆ J View
95 Serbo-Croatian put pûːt J View
15 Bulgarian път pɤt J View
92 Macedonian пат pat J View
60 Russian дорога daˈrɔga K View
55 Polish droga ˈdrɔɡa K View
16 Belarusian дарога daˈrɔɣa An alternative lexeme is 'шлях ... K View
73 Ukrainian дорога dɔˈrɔɦa Alternative lexemes are 'шлях' and ... K View
66 Slovak cesta ˈtsɛsta L View
18 Czech cesta ˈtsɛsta L View
48 Sorbian Upper puć putʃ An alternative lexeme is 'dróha ... J View
47 Sorbian Lower droga ˈdrɔɡa K View
97 Slovenian pot pôːt J View
108 Old Prussian pintis ‘path’ J View
44 Latvian cel ̜š S View
46 Lithuanian kelias ˈkælʲɐs S View
109 Old Norse vegr veɡr (B) View
109 Old Norse gata ˈɡata V View
36 Icelandic gata ˈɡ̊aːtʰa From Old Norse gata. V View
36 Icelandic vegur ˈvɛːɣʏr B View
23 Faroese vegur ˈveːvʊɹ Also 'way', 'distance'. B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vei ʋæɪ B View
159 Stavangersk vei ʋɛɪ B View
157 Old Swedish vägher ˈvæːɣer B View
69 Swedish väg vɛ:g B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VAG B View
70 Swedish Uppland VAG B View
145 Elfdalian weg wɛːg B View
20 Danish vej vɑjˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde væj væj B View
160 Old Gutnish vegr B View
160 Old Gutnish gata Only dat. and acc. gatu ... V View
161 Gutnish Lau väg vɛːɡ B View
99 Old English weg B View
99 Old English strǣt Borrowed from Latin. (P) View
22 English road rəʊd fr. the act of 'riding' W View
26 Frisian paad pa:t Changed from PAED. M View
21 Dutch weg wɛχ B View
24 Flemish WEG B View
83 Afrikaans WEG B View
87 Sranan PASI M View
126 Old High German weg B View
27 German Weg vɛk B View
27 German Landstraße 'lantʃtra:sə Also 'Straße'. Borrowed from Latin. (P) View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WAYK B View
120 Luxembourgish Strooss Borrowed from Latin. (P) View
121 German Switzerland schtrass Borrowed from Latin. (P) View
107 Gothic gatwo street V View
107 Gothic wigs B View
130 Oscan víú R View
132 Umbrian via abl. R View
112 Latin sēmita seːmita EXCLUDED. (H) View
112 Latin via ˈwia G.sg. viae R View
17 Catalan SENDER View
17 Catalan camí kə'mi (H) View
56 Portuguese estrada ɨʃˈtɾadɐ P View
68 Spanish camino ka'mino cf. caminare 'to walk'. (H) View
61 Sardinian Cagliari ARRUGA View
62 Sardinian Logudoro VIA R View
63 Sardinian Nuoro VIA R View
85 French Creole Dominica SIME (H) View
76 Walloon VOYE R View
25 French chemin ʃ(ə)mɛ̃ (H) View
57 Provencal ROUTO View
42 Ladin VIA R View
146 Dolomite Ladino viàč Online dictionary gives simply via. R View
146 Dolomite Ladino štrèdå P View
146 Dolomite Ladino trói Ae View
123 Romansh trutg Ae View
123 Romansh laisa View
123 Romansh via R View
123 Romansh senda < Lat sēmitam. View
123 Romansh streda P View
122 Friulian vie R View
122 Friulian strade P View
122 Friulian troi Ae View
39 Italian strada 'strada P View
59 Romanian drum N View
59 Romanian cale T View
74 Vlach KALE T View
140 Gaulish cammino- Borrowed into medieval Latin camminus ... H View
140 Gaulish sentu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... I View
127 Old Irish sét sʹe:d < IE *sentu-, root *sent- 'to ... (I) View
127 Old Irish slige sʹlʹiɣʹe < IE *slig-iā; root *sleig-. View
127 Old Irish bóthar bo:θər < IE *gwou-i-tro- ‘cattle way’ (root ... O View
101 Middle Cornish hens I View
101 Middle Cornish fordh fɔrð Loan from OE ford. U View
148 Old Breton hint I View
172 Middle Breton hent, ent ˈhent, ˈent I View
12 Breton hent ˈhent, ˈent I View
150 Old Welsh hynt Middle Welsh. I View
79 Welsh hynt (I) View
79 Welsh ffordd < OEng ford. U View
79 Welsh heol (Ag) View
38 Irish ráthad (Af), (W) View
38 Irish séad (I) View
38 Irish bóthar ˈbˠoːhəɾˠ Removed -AIR. O View
115 Scottish Gaelic rathad Af, (W) View
147 Manx bayr (O) View
147 Manx raad Af, (W) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T rrugë Borrowed < Rom *rūga id, continuing ... (A) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T udhë From PAlb *wada, based on ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HODOS Ad View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DROMOS N View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DROMOS N View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PUT J View
113 [Legacy] Serbian cesta L View
113 [Legacy] Serbian put way, road, path' J View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PUT J View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PAT/CADE J View
94 [Legacy] Russian P PUT J View
93 [Legacy] Polish P DROGA K View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DAROHA K View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P PUT J View
19 [Legacy] Czech E CESTA L View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P PUT J View
91 [Legacy] Czech P DRAHA K View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian CESTA L View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KELIAS S View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian CAMINHO (H) View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Straße (P) View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SIME (H) View
14 [Legacy] Breton St hent hɛ̃nd I View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se HENT I View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C HEOL Ag View
37 [Legacy] Irish A BOTHAR O View