IELex

river

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Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. The river flows into the sea.
2. When it is hot, we swim in the river.
3. The river dries up in summer.

Same context as 'lake'. Removed 'fish are swimming in the river'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekw-eh₂- O View
80 Hittite hapas L View
133 Luvian hāpis L View
82 Tocharian B cake View
88 Albanian LUMI C View
143 Standard Albanian lumë < PAlb *luma, identical with Gk ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily LUM C View
4 Albanian Corinth LUME C View
3 Albanian Gheg LUMI C View
6 Albanian Tosk LHUME C View
110 Ancient Greek ῥοή hroɛ́ː EXCLUDE. (B) View
110 Ancient Greek ποταμός potamós G.sg. ποταμοῦ K View
32 Greek ποτάμι po̞ˈtami K View
31 Greek Lesbos POTAMOS K View
129 Classical Armenian գետ get D View
8 Armenian Eastern get gɛt D View
7 Armenian Western GED D View
128 Avestan θraotō B View
128 Avestan rauua B View
131 Old Persian rauta B View
136 Sogdian rwt Manichean B View
75 Wakhi DERIO (A) View
9 Baluchi DIRA (A) View
137 Zazaki ro(y) B View
137 Zazaki čem T View
137 Zazaki lā S View
72 Tajik RUD split from DKB B View
72 Tajik daryo dærjɔ: split from DKB. Changed from ... A View
54 Persian SUDKHANE element SUD maybe < *sauH 'to bulge, swell up' < IE *keuH- ; = Lat. CAVUS, Grk. KYMA 'wave' (Cheung 2007: 341), compare /lexeme/25426 ... Q View
77 Waziri TOI split from DKB, Pasht. TOY ... U View
77 Waziri DARYOB split from DKB (A) View
1 Pashto SIND split from DKB, comp. /lexeme ... (V) View
1 Pashto RUD split from DKB B View
138 Shughni daryō < Persian/Tajik (A) View
139 Sarikoli daryu < Persian/Tajik (A) View
52 Ossetic DON split from DKB I View
52 Ossetic caeugaedon ʦæwɡædon split from DKB I View
124 Ossetic Iron don don I View
125 Ossetic Digor don don I View
141 Kata-viri nʌ̣̃o E View
105 Vedic Sanskrit síndhus 'river, the Indus' < IE *sindh(u)-? (Walde 1930: 2.509), comp. /lexeme/12277 ... V View
105 Vedic Sanskrit nadi (E) View
162 Pāḷī nadī E View
41 Khaskura GANGA M View
51 Nepali NAD split from DKB E View
51 Nepali DARIYA split from DKB (A) View
106 Assamese nɔdi nɔdi AF nɔi E View
102 Oriya nɔ(d)i nɔ(d)i E View
10 Bengali NODI E View
111 Bihari dhar dhar (A) View
144 Magahi नदी nəd̪i E View
104 Marwari nədi nədi E View
35 Hindi nedi nədi: E View
119 Urdu دریا d̪əɾjɑ (A) View
103 Sindhi nəndī E View
43 Lahnda DERYA (A) View
53 Punjabi NEDI split from DKB E View
53 Punjabi DERYA split from DKB (A) View
33 Gujarati NEDI E View
50 Marathi nadī nə'di: E View
40 Kashmiri KOL View
65 Sinhalese GANGA M View
34 Romani Greece POTAMI (K) View
100 Old Church Slavonic рѣка rækɑ H View
95 Serbo-Croatian rijeka ˈrjɛ̌ːka Ekavian variant: 'reka' [ˈrɛ̌ːka]. H View
15 Bulgarian река rɘˈka H View
92 Macedonian река ˈreka H View
60 Russian река rʲɛ'ka H View
55 Polish rzeka ˈʐɛka H View
16 Belarusian рака raˈka H View
73 Ukrainian ріка rʲiˈka H View
66 Slovak rieka riɛka H View
18 Czech řeka ˈr̝ɛka H View
48 Sorbian Upper rěka ˈʀɪka H View
47 Sorbian Lower rěka ˈrɪka H View
97 Slovenian reka ˈrěːka H View
108 Old Prussian ape L View
44 Latvian upe L View
46 Lithuanian upė ʊpʲe: L View
109 Old Norse O View
109 Old Norse fljót (R) View
109 Old Norse elfr elfr (N) View
36 Icelandic á auː O View
36 Icelandic elfur ˈɛlvʏr (N) View
36 Icelandic fljót fljouːtʰ (R) View
23 Faroese elvur ˈɛlvʊɹ poetic (N) View
23 Faroese á ɔaː O View
58 Norwegian Riksmal flod fluːd (P) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal elv ɛlʋ From Old Norse elfr, from ... N View
58 Norwegian Riksmal å (O) View
159 Stavangersk elv ɛlʋ N View
159 Stavangersk å (O) View
157 Old Swedish flodh floːð (P) View
157 Old Swedish a (O) View
157 Old Swedish älf ælf N View
69 Swedish å (O) View
69 Swedish älv ɛlv (N) View
69 Swedish flod flu:d (P) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina A O View
70 Swedish Uppland älv ælv N View
145 Elfdalian å O View
145 Elfdalian öve œ̀ːvɛ N View
20 Danish elv ɛlˀv (N) View
20 Danish å ɔˀ (O) View
20 Danish flod floˀð (P) View
158 Danish Fjolde oa oa O View
158 Danish Fjolde fluo fluo (P) View
161 Gutnish Lau flåud floud (P) View
161 Gutnish Lau a ɑː O View
99 Old English ēa O View
22 English river 'rɪvə (F) View
26 Frisian rivier rə'vi.ər Removed REVIER. F View
21 Dutch rivier ri'vir (F) View
24 Flemish RIVIER F View
83 Afrikaans RIVIER (F) View
87 Sranan RIBA split from DKB (F) View
87 Sranan LIBA split from DKB (F) View
126 Old High German fluz P View
126 Old High German aha O View
27 German Fluss flʊs P View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch REVVER (F) View
120 Luxembourgish Floss P View
121 German Switzerland fluss P View
107 Gothic runs flow, running' (noun) H View
107 Gothic aƕa O View
107 Gothic flōdus P View
112 Latin flūmen ˈfluːmen G.sg. flūminis J View
17 Catalan riu ˈriw H View
56 Portuguese rio ˈʀiu H View
68 Spanish río 'rio H View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FLUMINI J View
62 Sardinian Logudoro FLUMEN J View
63 Sardinian Nuoro RIVU H View
85 French Creole Dominica LAYVYE F View
76 Walloon RIVIRE F View
25 French rivière ʀivjɛʀ F View
57 Provencal riu ˈrriw H View
57 Provencal RIBIERO F View
42 Ladin FLUM J View
146 Dolomite Ladino ru H View
123 Romansh flum J View
122 Friulian flum J View
39 Italian fiume 'fjume J View
59 Romanian râu rɨw split from DKB. Replaced RIU. H View
59 Romanian FLUVIU split from DKB J View
74 Vlach ARUW F View
140 Gaulish abona Attested in names, e.g ... L View
127 Old Irish aub auβ L View
101 Middle Cornish hel AF hell View
101 Middle Cornish avon 'avɔn AF avon L View
101 Middle Cornish thour AF dour, 'water' < '(black) water', cognate with 'black' in /cognate/976/ View
101 Middle Cornish wy AF GWY, GWYTH 'canal, nerve ... View
172 Middle Breton auon, auoun, auonn ˈaːvon L View
12 Breton ster G View
79 Welsh afon L View
38 Irish abhainn əunʲ, əun̠ʲ, oːn̠ʲ Added -INN. Munster, Connacht, Ulster. L View
115 Scottish Gaelic abhainn L View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T lumë Poss. borrowed < Lat. flumen 'river ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K POTAMOS K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D POTAMOS, POTAMI K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md POTAMI K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian REKA H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian reka rěːka AF rijeka H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P REKA H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian REKA H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P REKA H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P RZEKA H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P RAKA H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P RIKA H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E XVOYNYICA View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P RIEKA H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P REKA H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian POTOK < TEKĄ, TEŠTI 'flow, run' (Buck ... View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O UPE L View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian RIO H View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Fluss P View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LAYVYE F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St stêr stɛ:r G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se STER G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C AFON L View
37 [Legacy] Irish A ABHAINN L View