IELex

play

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Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. The children are playing together outside.
2. I play football every day.

NB. The verb 'to play (a musical instrument)' may differ from 'to play (a game or sport)'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite duskzi no certain etym. (Kloekhorst) View
80 Hittite hinganiskezzi prob. from the notion of ... View
82 Tocharian B kāñmäṃ IE *qāmn-, = Skrt. KAMANA- 'pleasant ... View
88 Albanian LUJ, LUJTA C View
143 Standard Albanian luaj Variant = luej. Also 'to move ... (Q) View
2 Albanian Sicily LOS C View
4 Albanian Corinth LUAN C View
3 Albanian Gheg LUJ C View
6 Albanian Tosk LHOS, AOR. LHOJTA C View
110 Ancient Greek παίζω pái̯zdɔː Inf. παίζειν. K View
32 Greek παίζω ˈpe̞zo̞ K View
31 Greek Lesbos PAIDZO K View
129 Classical Armenian խաղան xałam D View
8 Armenian Eastern xałal D View
7 Armenian Western GHAGHAL D View
136 Sogdian k’t’k Sogdian P View
9 Baluchi LEV KHANAGH T View
137 Zazaki kāy P View
72 Tajik BOZI KARDAN A View
54 Persian BAZI KARDAN A View
77 Waziri MAZSHILEDEL U View
1 Pashto BAZI KAVEL (A) View
138 Shughni bōzi čidōw (A) View
139 Sarikoli tož : tižd V View
52 Ossetic x'azyn qazɨn O View
124 Ossetic Iron qaz- qaz- O View
125 Ossetic Digor ʁaz- ʁaz- O View
105 Vedic Sanskrit krī́ḍati < *(s)qreis- 'vibrating move' < IE *(s)qer- 'wind, twist, turn, bend', cogn. with 'neck' in /cognate/2350/ S View
162 Pāḷī kīḷati S View
41 Khaskura KHELNU E View
51 Nepali KHELNU E View
106 Assamese khɛl khɛl E View
102 Oriya kheḷ- kheɭ- E View
10 Bengali KHELA E View
111 Bihari kheləb kheləb (of games?) E View
144 Magahi खेलना kʰelnɑ E View
104 Marwari khel-ɛ khel-ɛ ‘third person plays’ E View
35 Hindi KHELNA E View
119 Urdu بجانا، کھیلنا bəʤɑnə, kʰelnə E View
103 Sindhi khēḍ̄aṇu E View
43 Lahnda KHEDEN E View
53 Punjabi KHEDDENA E View
33 Gujarati REMOWU View
50 Marathi khelne 'kʰeɭɳe E View
40 Kashmiri GINDUN View
65 Sinhalese SELLAM split from DKB View
65 Sinhalese KARANAWA split from DKB, see 'push ... View
34 Romani Greece KHELAV E View
100 Old Church Slavonic играти iɡrɑti In the Canon it seems ... H View
95 Serbo-Croatian igrati ˈîɡrati H View
15 Bulgarian играя iˈɡrajə H View
92 Macedonian игра ˈiɡra H View
60 Russian играть i'gratʲ H View
55 Polish grać gratɕ Meaning: 'to play a game ... H View
55 Polish bawić się ˈbavitɕ ɕɛ(ɰ̃) Meaning: 'to play (used i ... (N) View
16 Belarusian гуляць ɣuˈlʲatsʲ I View
73 Ukrainian грати ˈɦratɪ Meaning: 'to play an instrument ... H View
66 Slovak hrať ɦrac In some contexts a reflexive ... H View
18 Czech hrát ɦraːt In some contextes a form ... H View
48 Sorbian Upper hrać ʀatʃ 'to play a game, to ... H View
47 Sorbian Lower graś ɡraɕ In some contexts (when speaking ... H View
97 Slovenian igrati iˈɡrǎːti H View
44 Latvian spẽlẽjas (B) View
44 Latvian rõtal ̜-ãjas spaces or dashes inserted View
46 Lithuanian žaisti ˈʒɐjsʲtʲɪ View
109 Old Norse leika ˈlɛika AF leikr M View
36 Icelandic leika ˈleiːkʰa M View
23 Faroese leika ˈlaiːka M View
23 Faroese spæla ˈspɛaːla (B) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal leke ˈlèːkə M View
58 Norwegian Riksmal spille ˈspɪ̀lːə (B) View
159 Stavangersk spela (seg) ˈspèːla (seːɡ, sɛɡ) (B) View
157 Old Swedish leka ˈleːka M View
69 Swedish leka ˈlè:ka split from DKB M View
69 Swedish spela ˈspè:la split from DKB (B) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina LEK M View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SPELA (B) View
70 Swedish Uppland LEKA M View
145 Elfdalian spilå ˈspɪ̀lɔ (B) View
145 Elfdalian läka læ̀ːkɑ M View
20 Danish lege ˈlɑjə M View
20 Danish spille ˈsb̥ʰelə (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde speel sbeːl (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde liek lieɡ M View
160 Old Gutnish laica Only present tense laicr attested M View
161 Gutnish Lau laikä ˈlaɪkɛ M View
161 Gutnish Lau spelä ˈspeːlɛ (B) View
99 Old English plegaþ J View
22 English to play pleɪ J View
26 Frisian boartsje 'buatsjə split from DKB View
26 Frisian spylje 'spiljə split from DKB B View
21 Dutch spelen 'spelə(n) B View
24 Flemish SPELEN B View
83 Afrikaans SPEEL B View
87 Sranan PRE J View
126 Old High German spilōt B View
27 German spielen 'ʃpi:lən B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHPIEL B View
120 Luxembourgish spillen B View
121 German Switzerland schpile B View
112 Latin lūdere ˈluːdere lūdō, lūdere, lūsī, lūsus; IE ... Q View
17 Catalan RIURERSE D'ALGU View
17 Catalan jugar ʒu'ɣa F View
56 Portuguese jogar ʒuˈɡaɾ F View
56 Portuguese brincar bɾĩˈkaɾ View
68 Spanish jugar xu'ɣaɾ F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari GOGAI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro GIOGARE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro JOKARE F View
85 French Creole Dominica ZWE F View
76 Walloon DJOUWER F View
25 French jouer ʒwe F View
57 Provencal JOUGA F View
42 Ladin GIOVER F View
146 Dolomite Ladino dogà, dugà F View
123 Romansh giugar F View
122 Friulian zuiâ F View
39 Italian giocare dʒo'kare F View
59 Romanian a juca Removed (SE). F View
127 Old Irish cluichigidir cluxʹəɣʹəðʹərʹ (R) View
127 Old Irish imm·beir imˈbʹerʹ L View
101 Middle Cornish higa View
101 Middle Cornish gwari gwari ‘play, act’ G View
101 Middle Cornish huertyn View
172 Middle Breton hoari, hoary, c'hoary, hoariff ˈxoaːri, ˈxwaːri G View
12 Breton c'hoari ˈxoaːri, ˈxwaːri G View
12 Breton EBATA split from DKB View
79 Welsh chwarae G View
38 Irish imir L View
115 Scottish Gaelic cluich R View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME LOJTUR C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PAIDZO K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PAIDZO K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PAIDZO K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian IGRATI SE H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian igrati îɡrati H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P IGRAJA H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian IGRA H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P IGRAT H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P GRAC H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HUL AC I View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P HRATY H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E HRAT H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P HRAT H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P HRATI H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian SE JGRAT H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O BOVYTIS (N) View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian JOGAR F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich spielen Cf. Pr. Germ. noun *spila- ... B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C ZWE F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St c'hoari 'xwa:ri G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se HOARI G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CHWARAE G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A IMIRT L View