IELex

old

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Description

1. This man is old, that one is young.
2. The old woman lives alone.

Antonym of 'young', which is not included in the Swadesh list.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *senh₁ó- D View
80 Hittite miyahwanz prob. < Hitt. MEHUR, MEHUN 'period ... View
81 Tocharian A ktsets ? L View
82 Tocharian B ktsaitstse ? L View
88 Albanian VJETER G View
143 Standard Albanian i, e vjetër Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
2 Albanian Sicily I-VJETR Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
4 Albanian Corinth I-VJETERE Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
3 Albanian Gheg VJETER Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
6 Albanian Tosk VJETER Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
110 Ancient Greek παλαιός palai̯ós G.sg. παλαιοῦ. παλαιός, παλαιά ... K View
32 Greek παλιός paˈʎo̞s K View
32 Greek γέρος EXCLUDE. (C) View
31 Greek Lesbos PALEOS K View
129 Classical Armenian ծեր cer Also 'old man'. C View
129 Classical Armenian հին hin (D) View
8 Armenian Eastern ծեր t͡sɛɾ C View
8 Armenian Eastern հին hin Doesn't refer to age. D View
7 Armenian Western հին hin D View
128 Avestan hanō D View
136 Sogdian ’wcny Christian View
75 Wakhi XAEIYAR split from DKB View
75 Wakhi KONA split from DKB View
9 Baluchi PHIR F View
137 Zazaki pīl F View
137 Zazaki īxtiyār (N) View
72 Tajik KUXANSOL split from DKB View
72 Tajik PIR split from DKB F View
54 Persian PIR F View
77 Waziri ZOR C View
1 Pashto ZOR C View
138 Shughni pīr F View
138 Shughni kīnā View
139 Sarikoli pir F View
52 Ossetic zaerond zærond C View
124 Ossetic Iron žɐrond žɐrond C View
125 Ossetic Digor zɐrond zɐrond C View
141 Kata-viri sʸuma D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit sánas D View
162 Pāḷī vuḍḍha F View
41 Khaskura BURO F View
51 Nepali BURO F View
106 Assamese purɒna purɒna A View
102 Oriya buṛha buɽha of men F View
102 Oriya puruṇa puruɳa of things A View
10 Bengali BURO (ANIMATE) split from DKB F View
10 Bengali PURONO (INANIMATE) split from DKB A View
111 Bihari puran puran A View
144 Magahi बूढा buɽʰɑ View
104 Marwari buɖa-po ‘oldness’ F View
35 Hindi purana pʊrana split from DKB. Inanimate. A View
35 Hindi BURHA (ANIMATE) split from DKB F View
119 Urdu پُرانا، pʊɾɑnɑ split from DKB A View
119 Urdu بُوڑھا buɽʰɑ split from DKB F View
103 Sindhi buḍhō prob. of men F View
43 Lahnda BUDDHA F View
53 Punjabi PERANA A View
33 Gujarati GHERERU split from DKB C View
33 Gujarati BUDDHU split from DKB F View
33 Gujarati JUNU split from DKB C View
50 Marathi dzunā (inanimate) dzu'na C View
50 Marathi mhātārā (animate) 'mɦataɾa View
40 Kashmiri BUDA F View
65 Sinhalese NAKI View
34 Romani Greece PHURO E View
100 Old Church Slavonic старъ stɑrʊ̆ Alternative lexemes are 'вєтъхъ' and ... I View
95 Serbo-Croatian star stâr I View
15 Bulgarian стар star I View
92 Macedonian стар star I View
60 Russian старый 'starɨj I View
55 Polish stary ˈstarɘ̟ I View
16 Belarusian стары staˈrɨ I View
73 Ukrainian старий staˈrɪj I View
66 Slovak starý ˈstariː I View
18 Czech starý ˈstariː I View
48 Sorbian Upper stary ˈstaʀɘ̟ I View
47 Sorbian Lower stary ˈstarɘ̟ I View
97 Slovenian star star I View
108 Old Prussian urs comp. /lexeme/25698/ View
44 Latvian vęcs G View
46 Lithuanian senas ˈsʲæ:nɐs D View
109 Old Norse forn forn more common with inanimates (A) View
109 Old Norse gamall ˈɡamalː J View
36 Icelandic gamall ˈɡ̊aːmad̥l J View
36 Icelandic forn fɔrd̥n (A) View
23 Faroese fornur ˈfɔd̥nʊɹ removed 'ur' A View
23 Faroese gamal ˈɡ̊ɛaːmal split from DKB J View
58 Norwegian Riksmal forn fuːɳ (A) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal gammel ˈɡàmːəl J View
159 Stavangersk gammale ˈɡàmːalə J View
157 Old Swedish gamal ɡaːmal J View
157 Old Swedish forn foːrn A View
69 Swedish gammal ˈgàmːal J View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina GAMAL J View
70 Swedish Uppland GAMMAL J View
145 Elfdalian gåmål ˈgɔ̀mɔl "gambel-" or "gamt-" in compounds J View
20 Danish forne ˈfɒːnə (A) View
20 Danish gammel ˈg̥ɑməl J View
158 Danish Fjolde gaməl ˈɡɑməl J View
160 Old Gutnish forn nominative not attested A View
160 Old Gutnish gamal J View
161 Gutnish Lau fåurnar ˈfournar (A) View
161 Gutnish Lau gammäl ˈɡamːɛl J View
99 Old English eald B View
22 English old əʊld B View
26 Frisian âld ɔːᵘt B View
21 Dutch oud ɑut B View
24 Flemish OUD B View
83 Afrikaans OUD, OU B View
87 Sranan OUROE B View
126 Old High German alt B View
126 Old High German firni A View
27 German alt alt B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ALT B View
120 Luxembourgish al B View
121 German Switzerland aut B View
107 Gothic faírneis A View
112 Latin uetus ˈwetus gen. ueteris G View
17 Catalan JAYO split from DKB View
17 Catalan vell bɛʎ split from DKB G View
17 Catalan ancià ənsi'a split from DKB, < Lat. ANTEANUM < IE *(h)ent- (de Vaan 2008: 45), see also /lexeme/22462 ... View
56 Portuguese velho ˈvɛʎu G View
68 Spanish viejo 'bjexo G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari BECCU G View
62 Sardinian Logudoro BEZZU G View
63 Sardinian Nuoro VETHTHU G View
85 French Creole Dominica VYE G View
76 Walloon VI G View
25 French vieux vjø G View
57 Provencal VIEI, VIEIO G View
42 Ladin VEGL G View
146 Dolomite Ladino vege G View
123 Romansh vegl G View
122 Friulian vieli, vieri, vecjo G View
39 Italian vecchio 'vekkjo G View
59 Romanian BATRIN < Lat. VETERANUS (Buk 1949: 958) G View
59 Romanian vechi G View
74 Vlach VYEKLU G View
140 Gaulish senos Frequent in personal names, e ... D View
127 Old Irish sen sʹen D View
101 Middle Cornish hen AF hena D View
101 Middle Cornish koth kɔ:θ ‘old man’, AF koth H View
172 Middle Breton coz ˈkoːθ H View
12 Breton HIR-HOALET HIR 'long' < IE *sēi - 'to ... View
12 Breton kozh ˈkoːs H View
79 Welsh hen D View
38 Irish ársaigh split from DKB (M) View
38 Irish sean ʃan split from DKB D View
38 Irish DIBHEALL split from DKB View
38 Irish aosta split from DKB, lit. 'aged' (M) View
115 Scottish Gaelic sean ʃɛn D View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T plak K View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T I, E YETER Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. (G) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PALAIOS K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PALEOS K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md GEROS C View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian STAR I View
113 [Legacy] Serbian star stâr I View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P STAR I View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian VETOV split from DKB G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian STAR split from DKB I View
94 [Legacy] Russian P STARYJ I View
93 [Legacy] Polish P STARY I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P STARY I View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P STARYJ I View
19 [Legacy] Czech E STARE I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P STARY I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P STARY I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian STAR, STARA, STARII I View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SENAS D View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian VELHO G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich alt < Pr. Germ. *alda- ‘(grown) old’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C VYE G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St kozh koːs H View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KOH H View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C HEN D View
37 [Legacy] Irish A AOSTA split from DKB M View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SEAN split from DKB D View