IELex

neck

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Description

1. He hit him in the neck while fighting.
2. He tightened the rope around his neck.

To be distinguished from ‘throat’ (internal) or specialized terms like ‘front / back of the neck'. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *mon- View
80 Hittite kuttar Cognate with Latin guttar 'throat' View
81 Tocharian A kñuk View
88 Albanian qafë Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, head ... (C) View
143 Standard Albanian qafë Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, head ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily koc Borrowed from Slav *kostb id. View
4 Albanian Corinth zverk View
3 Albanian Gheg qafë Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, head ... (C) View
6 Albanian Tosk qafë Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, head ... (C) View
110 Ancient Greek τράχηλος trákʰɛːlos G.sg. τραχήλου. R View
110 Ancient Greek αὐχήν au̯kʰɛ́n EXCLUDE. (D) View
152 Tsakonian λαιμο I View
32 Greek λαιμός le̞ˈmo̞s I View
32 Greek αυχένας EXCLUDE. (D) View
32 Greek τραχελος EXCLUDE. (R) View
31 Greek Lesbos LAIMOS I View
129 Classical Armenian պարանոց paranocʰ View
8 Armenian Eastern COCRAK Martirosyan gives šl(n)i ... View
8 Armenian Eastern viz viz D View
8 Armenian Eastern paranoc‘ Of unknown origin. View
7 Armenian Western VIZ D View
128 Avestan manaoθri K View
128 Avestan grīuua Q View
136 Sogdian γrd’k Sogdian A View
75 Wakhi MAEYUK K View
75 Wakhi GERDON (A) View
9 Baluchi GWAR A View
118 Kurdish gerden A View
137 Zazaki mil, vil K View
72 Tajik gardan ɡærdæn A View
54 Persian GARDAN A View
77 Waziri MAGHZAI View
77 Waziri MA KANDAI View
77 Waziri GHWORA A View
1 Pashto GARA (A) View
138 Shughni gardān (A) View
138 Shughni māk K View
139 Sarikoli garδon (A) View
124 Ossetic Iron bɐržɐj bɐržɐj E View
125 Ossetic Digor bɐrzɐj bɐrzɐj E View
154 Vasi-vari gīk T View
154 Vasi-vari lumu, lümī < dhamani 'nerve; neck'. View
154 Vasi-vari marnegi, marnäik S View
153 Askunu maraṇīk S View
153 Askunu mʌndʌ View
105 Vedic Sanskrit grīvā́ T View
162 Pāḷī gīva T View
41 Khaskura GHANTI View
51 Nepali MANTO U View
106 Assamese ḍiṅgi View
106 Assamese nārē Mayang View
102 Oriya bekɔ bekɔ View
10 Bengali GORDAN (A) View
10 Bengali GHAR (A) View
111 Bihari gərdain gərdain (A) View
144 Magahi घेची ɡʰẽci View
104 Marwari nād View
35 Hindi GERDEN (A) View
119 Urdu گردن ɡəɾd̪ən (A) View
103 Sindhi ggichii ‘neck, throat’ View
103 Sindhi gardana ‘the neck, back part of ... (A) View
43 Lahnda GERDEN (A) View
53 Punjabi GICCI View
33 Gujarati GERDEN (A) View
33 Gujarati GELU View
33 Gujarati dok ɖok View
50 Marathi mān man U View
40 Kashmiri KORU J View
65 Sinhalese KARA J View
34 Romani Greece KHOR J View
100 Old Church Slavonic выя vɯja An alternative lexeme is 'шия ... V View
95 Serbo-Croatian vrat vrâːt 'Šija' is 'back of neck'. A View
15 Bulgarian врат vrat A View
15 Bulgarian шия ˈʃijə H View
92 Macedonian врат vrat A possible alternative lexeme, 'шија ... A View
60 Russian шея 'ʂɛja H View
55 Polish szyja 'ʂɘ̟ja H View
16 Belarusian шыя ˈʂɨja H View
73 Ukrainian шия ˈʂɪja H View
66 Slovak krk kr̩k An alternative lexeme is 'hrdlo ... P View
18 Czech krk kr̩k 'šíje' means 'back of neck'. P View
48 Sorbian Upper šija ˈʃija H View
47 Sorbian Lower šyja ˈʂɘ̟ja H View
97 Slovenian vrat vrâːt A View
108 Old Prussian winsus View
44 Latvian kakls L View
46 Lithuanian KAKLAS L View
109 Old Norse hnakki ɣnakːi Deleted hnakkr -- different lexeme altogether. (N) View
109 Old Norse svíri ˈsviːri (O) View
109 Old Norse hals, háls hals B View
36 Icelandic hnakki ˈn̥aʰkːɪ (N) View
36 Icelandic svíri ˈsviːrɪ (O) View
36 Icelandic háls hauls B View
23 Faroese nakki ˈnaʰkːɪ (N) View
23 Faroese hálsur ˈhɔlsʊɹ B View
23 Faroese svíri ˈsvʊiːɹɪ 'thick neck' (O) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal hals hals B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal nakke ˈnàkːə (N) View
157 Old Swedish hals hals B View
157 Old Swedish nakke ˈnakːe (N) View
69 Swedish nacke ˈnàkːə (N) View
69 Swedish hals hals B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina HAS HALS B View
70 Swedish Uppland HALS B View
145 Elfdalian ås oːs B View
145 Elfdalian nakke Only(?) used about "nape of ... (N) View
20 Danish nakke ˈnɑɡ̊ʰe (N) View
20 Danish hals halˀs B View
158 Danish Fjolde nak naɡ (N) View
158 Danish Fjolde hals hɑls B View
160 Old Gutnish nacci Only acc. nacca attested (N) View
160 Old Gutnish hals Only dat. halsi attested B View
161 Gutnish Lau hals hals B View
161 Gutnish Lau nakkä ˈnakːɛ (N) View
99 Old English heals B View
22 English neck nɛk N View
26 Frisian nekke 'nɛkə N View
26 Frisian hals hɔls B View
21 Dutch nek nɛk N View
21 Dutch hals hɑls B View
24 Flemish HALS B View
83 Afrikaans HALS B View
83 Afrikaans NEK N View
87 Sranan NEKI N View
126 Old High German hals B View
27 German Hals hals B View
27 German Nacken 'nakn̩ N View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch HOLSZ B View
120 Luxembourgish Hals B View
121 German Switzerland haus B View
107 Gothic hals B View
112 Latin collum ˈkolːum G.sg. collī B View
17 Catalan coll kɔʎ Removed CAMA ('leg' and CUA ... B View
56 Portuguese pescoço pɨʃˈkosu F View
68 Spanish cuello 'kweʎo B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari ZUGU View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ATTILE View
63 Sardinian Nuoro THUKRU View
85 French Creole Dominica KU B View
76 Walloon CO B View
25 French cou ku B View
57 Provencal COU, COUI B View
42 Ladin CULOZ B View
146 Dolomite Ladino còl, còi Online dictionary gives simply col. B View
123 Romansh culiez, culöz B View
122 Friulian cuel B View
39 Italian collo 'kollo Second meaning: parcel, package. B View
59 Romanian gât ɡɨt Replaced GIT. M View
74 Vlach GUSE M View
140 Gaulish man- Reconstructed form based on attestations. K View
127 Old Irish muinél munʹe:l < IE *mono- /-i- ‘neck, throat ... K View
127 Old Irish brágae, bráige bra:ɣe, bra:ɣʹe < IE *gwrH-g(h)-nt- ... View
101 Middle Cornish konna 'kɔn:a View
148 Old Breton mun K View
172 Middle Breton gouzouc ˈguːðuk G View
12 Breton gouzoug ˈguːzuk, ˈguːk G View
150 Old Welsh mwn Middle Welsh. K View
79 Welsh mwnwgl K View
79 Welsh gwddf G View
38 Irish muineál K View
115 Scottish Gaelic muineal K View
115 Scottish Gaelic amhach View
147 Manx mwannal K View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T qafë cɕaf(ə) Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, head ... (C) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K LAIMOS I View
28 [Legacy] Greek D LAIMOS I View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md LAIMOS I View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VRAT A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian šija H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian vrat judged more neutral A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P SIJA H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian šíja ˈʃija H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian vrat vrat A View
94 [Legacy] Russian P SEJA H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P SZYJA H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P SYJA H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SYJA H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KRK P View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P SIJA H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SIJE H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian VRAT A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KAKLAS L View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian pescoço pesˈkosu F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Nacken < Pr. Germ. *hnekkan-, *hnakka(n ... N View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C KU B View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gouzoug 'gu:zuk G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GOUG G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C GWDDF G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A MUINEAL K View