IELex

mountain

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Description

1. A mountain is higher than a hill.
2. It takes a whole day to climb this mountain.

The concept is relative, depending on the landscape of the region (for some languages, the term ‘hill’ itself functions as a proper equivalent). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *gʷerh₃- A View
133 Luvian *ariyattis View
81 Tocharian A ṣul K View
82 Tocharian B ṣale K View
88 Albanian mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
143 Standard Albanian mal < PAlb *mala identical with Lith ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
4 Albanian Corinth mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
3 Albanian Gheg mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
173 Mycenaean Greek o-ṛẹ-i órehi Locative singular noun attested in ... G View
110 Ancient Greek ὄρος óros G.sg. ὄρεος G View
152 Tsakonian βραχο Cf NGk βραχος 'rock'. View
32 Greek όρος EXCLUDE. (G) View
32 Greek βουνό vuˈno̞ L View
31 Greek Lesbos BOUNO L View
129 Classical Armenian լեառն leaṙn D View
129 Classical Armenian սար sar Also 'tip, end; top, summit ... (A) View
8 Armenian Eastern leṙ lɛr split from DKB D View
8 Armenian Eastern sar sɑɾ split from DKB. Cognate with ... A View
7 Armenian Western LEV D View
128 Avestan gairiš A View
131 Old Persian kaufa J View
136 Sogdian γr- Sogdian A View
174 Khotanese ggarä gɐrə A View
75 Wakhi KU(H) J View
9 Baluchi PHAWAD Ad View
118 Kurdish sax J View
118 Kurdish çiya T View
137 Zazaki ko J View
72 Tajik KUX J View
54 Persian KUH J View
77 Waziri GHAR A View
1 Pashto GAR A View
138 Shughni pux̆tā X View
138 Shughni kū (J) View
138 Shughni tāx (Z) View
139 Sarikoli ano Y View
52 Ossetic xox χoχ Q View
124 Ossetic Iron χoχ χoχ Q View
125 Ossetic Digor χʷɐnχ χʷɐnχ Q View
154 Vasi-vari (Ac) View
154 Vasi-vari J View
153 Askunu Ac View
105 Vedic Sanskrit girís A View
162 Pāḷī pabbata E View
162 Pāḷī giri a mountain; as a rule ... (A) View
41 Khaskura PARBAT, LEKH E View
51 Nepali PARBAT E View
106 Assamese pɒrbɒt pɒrbɒt judged borrowing (-rb-) E View
102 Oriya pɔrbɔtɔ pɔrbɔtɔ rb- cluster possibly borrowing E View
10 Bengali PORBOT E View
111 Bihari pəhar pəhar M View
144 Magahi पहाड pəhɑɽ M View
104 Marwari ḍūṅgara ‘a hill’ N View
35 Hindi pehar pəhɑːɽ M View
119 Urdu پہاڑ pəhɑɽ M View
103 Sindhi čhaparu ‘a range of hills’ U View
43 Lahnda PEHAR M View
53 Punjabi PAR E View
33 Gujarati PEHAR split from DKB M View
33 Gujarati PERWET split from DKB E View
50 Marathi parwat 'pəɾwət E View
50 Marathi donger N View
40 Kashmiri PARBATH split from DKB E View
40 Kashmiri BAL split from DKB V View
65 Sinhalese KANDA W View
34 Romani Greece VOS (R) View
100 Old Church Slavonic гора gɔrɑ A View
95 Serbo-Croatian gora ˈɡɔ̌ra There are some alternative lexemes ... A View
95 Serbo-Croatian planina plaˈnǐna There are some alternative lexemes ... O View
15 Bulgarian планина pɫəniˈna O View
92 Macedonian планина ˈplanina O View
60 Russian гора gɔ'ra A View
55 Polish góra ˈɡura A View
16 Belarusian гара ɣaˈra A View
73 Ukrainian гора ɦɔˈra A View
66 Slovak vrch vr̩x '(bigger) mountain' Ae View
66 Slovak kopec ˈkɔpɛts '(smaller) mountain' Af View
18 Czech hora ˈɦɔra A View
48 Sorbian Upper hora ˈhɔʀa A View
47 Sorbian Lower góra ˈɡɘ̟ra A View
97 Slovenian gora ˈɡɔ̌ːra A View
108 Old Prussian grabis = Ru. GORB 'hump, back' < IE ... View
44 Latvian kal ̂-ns spaces or dashes inserted I View
46 Lithuanian kalnas ˈka:lnɐs I View
109 Old Norse berg, bjarg berɡ, bjarɡ (B) View
109 Old Norse fjall fjalː P View
36 Icelandic fjall fjad̥l P View
23 Faroese berg b̥ɛɹɡ̊ more 'cliff' (B) View
23 Faroese fjall fjad̥l P View
58 Norwegian Riksmal berg bɛrɡ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal fjell fjɛlː (P) View
159 Stavangersk fjeddl, fjell ˈfjɛdːl̩, fjɛlː (P) View
159 Stavangersk barg, bærg baʁɡ, bæʁɡ B View
157 Old Swedish fiäl fjælː P View
157 Old Swedish biärgh bjærɣ B View
69 Swedish fjäll fjɛlː (P) View
69 Swedish berg bærj B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FJEL FJAL split from DKB P View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina BARJ split from DKB B View
70 Swedish Uppland BERG B View
145 Elfdalian fjäll P View
145 Elfdalian bjärr bjærː B View
20 Danish bjerg ˈb̥jɛɐ̯ˀw B View
20 Danish fjeld fjɛlˀ (P) View
158 Danish Fjolde bjerər ˈbjeɹəɹ B View
161 Gutnish Lau b(j)ärg b(j)ɛrɡ B View
99 Old English beorg B View
99 Old English munt < Lat. mons, montis. (F) View
22 English mountain 'maʊntɪn (F) View
26 Frisian berch bɛrx B View
21 Dutch berg bɛrχ B View
24 Flemish BERG B View
83 Afrikaans BERG B View
87 Sranan BERGI B View
126 Old High German berg B View
27 German Berg bɛrk B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch MOUNTAIN (F) View
120 Luxembourgish Bierg B View
121 German Switzerland bärg B View
107 Gothic rintsch IE *rem- 'lie, rest (on ... View
107 Gothic faírguni prob. Celtic loan, related to ... View
112 Latin mōns moːns gen. montis F View
17 Catalan mont mon Removed MONTANYA. F View
56 Portuguese montanha mõˈtɐɲɐ Removed MONTE. F View
68 Spanish montaña mon'taɲa F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MONTI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro MUNTAGNA F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro MONTE F View
85 French Creole Dominica MON F View
76 Walloon MONTAGNE F View
25 French montagne mɔ̃taɲ F View
57 Provencal MOUNTAGNO F View
42 Ladin MUNT, MUNTAGNA F View
146 Dolomite Ladino mont F View
123 Romansh cuolm S View
123 Romansh mun, montogna F View
122 Friulian grum S View
122 Friulian mont F View
39 Italian montagna, monte mon'taɲɲa, 'monte F View
59 Romanian munte F View
74 Vlach MUNDE F View
140 Gaulish bergona, briga Reconstructed forms, based on attestations ... B View
127 Old Irish slíab sʹlʹi:əβ < IE *slei-b-os; root *(s)lei- ... H View
127 Old Irish cnocc knok (Ab) View
127 Old Irish benn bʹenn (Aa) View
149 Old Cornish menit F View
101 Middle Cornish menydh 'mɛnɪð F View
148 Old Breton monid F View
172 Middle Breton menez ˈmeːneð F View
12 Breton menez ˈmeːnǝs F View
79 Welsh mynydd F View
38 Irish sliabh H View
38 Irish cnoc (Ab) View
115 Scottish Gaelic monadh < Pict < Brit *moniyo. (F) View
115 Scottish Gaelic beinn AF? BRI, BRE > cogn. with ... Aa View
147 Manx beinn (Aa) View
147 Manx slieau H View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T mal mal Identical with Lith. malà and ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K OROS G View
28 [Legacy] Greek D BOUNO L View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md OROS split from DKB G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md BOUNO split from DKB L View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian GORA A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian planina the mountains' (collect.) O View
113 [Legacy] Serbian gora the mountain' sg. A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PLANINA O View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian BRDO split from DKB, prob. Grmnic ... View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PLANINA split from DKB O View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian GORA split from DKB A View
94 [Legacy] Russian P GORA A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P GORA A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HARA A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P HORA A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E HORA A View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P HORA A View
91 [Legacy] Czech P HORA A View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian GORE A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KALNAS I View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian MONTANHA F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Berg < Pr. Germ *berga- ‘mountain’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C MON, MOTAY F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St menez 'mẽ:nɛs F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se MANNE F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C MYNYDD F View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SLIABH H View