IELex

moon

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Description

1. The sun shines during the day, the moon shines at night.
2. There is a full moon in the sky.

To be distinguished from ‘crescent moon’ if a separate root exists, as well as from 'month'. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s A View
80 Hittite armas B View
133 Luvian *armas View
134 Lycian arm̃ma View
81 Tocharian A mañ A View
82 Tocharian B meñe A View
143 Standard Albanian hëna Also hanë. < Pr. Alb. *ksandā ... E View
3 Albanian Gheg hanë From PAlb *ksandā further compared ... E View
6 Albanian Tosk hënë From PAlb *ksandā further compared ... E View
110 Ancient Greek σελήνη selɛ́ːnɛː G.sg. σελήνης S View
110 Ancient Greek μήνη mɛ́ːnɛː EXCLUDE. (A) View
152 Tsakonian φεγγάρι R View
32 Greek φεγγάρι feŋˈgari R View
32 Greek σελήνη EXCLUDE. (S) View
129 Classical Armenian լուսին lowsin C View
8 Armenian Eastern lusin luˈsin C View
8 Armenian Eastern ամիս amis (A) View
128 Avestan A View
131 Old Persian *māhā- ? A View
136 Sogdian m’x Sogdian A View
118 Kurdish meh A View
118 Kurdish heyv I View
137 Zazaki āšmī J View
138 Shughni mêst A View
139 Sarikoli gыx̆t L View
139 Sarikoli sыqum K View
141 Kata-viri mõs A View
154 Vasi-vari mēseg/γe məsex A View
153 Askunu mas A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit soma (O) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit mā́s same as 101?, AF maas A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit candra (E) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit indu (N) View
162 Pāḷī canda E View
106 Assamese sandra sandra ndr-cluster supposed to indicate borrowing (E) View
106 Assamese junāk Mayang P View
106 Assamese chāt Mayang Q View
106 Assamese zon zon M View
102 Oriya cand(r)ɔ cand(r)ɔ ndr- supp. to indicate borrowing (E) View
102 Oriya jɔnhɔ jɔnhɔ M View
111 Bihari chəndrma chəndrma (E) View
144 Magahi चांद cɑ̃d̪ E View
104 Marwari cand AF chandaramā-jī E View
119 Urdu چانْد ʧɑnd̪ E View
103 Sindhi čaṇḍru E View
34 Romani Greece čhonút Not cognate to various IA ... M View
100 Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць mæsɛ̃tsʲɪ̆ An alternative lexeme is 'лѹна ... A View
95 Serbo-Croatian mjesec ˈmjɛ̂sɛːts Ekavian variant: 'mesec' [ˈmɛ̂sɛːts]. A View
15 Bulgarian луна ɫuˈna 'месец', 'месечина' are obsolete/dialectal. C View
92 Macedonian месечина mɛˈsetʃina A View
60 Russian луна ɫu'na C View
55 Polish księżyc ˈkɕɛɰ̃ʐɘ̟ts The word 'miesiąc' has today ... H View
16 Belarusian месяц ˈmʲɛsʲats A View
73 Ukrainian місяць ˈmisʲatsʲ A View
66 Slovak mesiac ˈmɛsiats A View
18 Czech měsic ˈmɲɛsiːts A View
48 Sorbian Upper měsačk ˈmɪsatʃk Formally a diminutive. A View
47 Sorbian Lower mjasec ˈmjasɛts A View
97 Slovenian mesec ˈmêːsɛts A View
97 Slovenian luna ˈlǔːna C View
108 Old Prussian menig A View
44 Latvian mẽness A View
46 Lithuanian mėnulis mʲe:ˈnʊlʲɪs Changed from MENUO. A View
109 Old Norse máni ˈmaːni poetic (A) View
109 Old Norse tungl tunɣl G View
36 Icelandic máni ˈmaunɪ A View
36 Icelandic tungl tʰuŋl Cognate with /lexeme/21699/. G View
23 Faroese máni ˈmɔanɪ A View
23 Faroese tungl tʰʊŋɡ̊l uncommon G View
58 Norwegian Riksmal måne ˈmòːnə A View
159 Stavangersk måne ˈmòːnə A View
157 Old Swedish tungel ˈtuŋːel G View
157 Old Swedish mane ˈmaːne A View
69 Swedish måne ˈmòːnə From Old Norse máni. A View
145 Elfdalian tunggel tʉ́ŋgɛl G View
20 Danish måne ˈmɔːnə A View
158 Danish Fjolde moan moan A View
161 Gutnish Lau manä ˈmɑːnɛ A View
99 Old English mōna A View
22 English moon A View
21 Dutch maan man A View
126 Old High German māno A View
27 German Mond A View
120 Luxembourgish Mound A View
121 German Switzerland mond A View
107 Gothic mēna A View
112 Latin lūna ˈluːna gen. lūnae; cognate with /lexeme ... C View
68 Spanish luna 'luna C View
25 French lune lyn C View
57 Provencal luna ˈlyno C View
146 Dolomite Ladino lùnå Online dictionary gives identical form ... C View
123 Romansh glina, glüna C View
122 Friulian lune C View
59 Romanian lună ˈlunə C View
127 Old Irish éscae, éisce e:ske, e:sʹkʹe F View
149 Old Cornish luir C, T View
101 Middle Cornish loor lo:r C, T View
172 Middle Breton loar, loàr, loer ˈloar, ˈloer C, T View
12 Breton loar ˈlwaːr, ˈloar C, T View
150 Old Welsh loyr C, T View
79 Welsh lloer C, T View
38 Irish gealach D View
38 Irish luan (C) View
38 Irish éasca = Lat. IDUS 'ides'? (Buck 1949 ... (F) View
115 Scottish Gaelic gealach D View
147 Manx eayst F View
147 Manx giallagh (D) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T hënë hənə From PAlb *ksandā further compared ... E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian mesec mêseːts AF mjesec. Also 'moon'. A View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Mond < Pr. Germ. *mēnan- ‘moon’. A View
14 [Legacy] Breton St loar lwa:r C View