IELex

man

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Description

1. Men are doing [X], women are making [Y].
2. Women bear children, men do not.

Adult human being of the male sex, antonymous to ‘woman’. Should be kept apart from ‘male’ (of any species) if the latter is distinct from ‘man’ (male human), as well as from ‘person / human being’ in general. Context No. 1 is culturally conditioned, in that X and Y should be understood as designations of typical male / female occupations for the given society (e.g., ‘hunting’, ‘cooking’, etc.). If, instead of a general term for ‘man’, one finds differentiation by age groups, the respective lexemes for the age of ca. 20–45 must be treated as synonymous. To be separated from specific designations of ‘bachelor’, ‘widower’ etc. Same contexts as in No.98 ‘woman’. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr 1. man 2. power, force ... F View
114 Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós 1. man 2. husband 3 ... C View
80 Hittite pisēnas male, > 'penis', the same as ... N View
133 Luvian zītis View
81 Tocharian A ātäl View
81 Tocharian A oṅk O View
82 Tocharian B eṅkwe O View
88 Albanian njeri Goes back to PAlb *nera ... F View
143 Standard Albanian mashkull Borrowed < Lat masculus 'male, masculine ... S View
143 Standard Albanian burrë Primary meaning. Also 'husband' /lexeme ... (R) View
2 Albanian Sicily burrë Borrowed from OHG gibūro 'peasant ... (R) View
4 Albanian Corinth burrë Borrowed from OHG gibūro 'peasant ... (R) View
3 Albanian Gheg njer Goes back to PAlb *nera ... F View
3 Albanian Gheg burrë Borrowed from OHG gibūro 'peasant ... (R) View
6 Albanian Tosk njeri Goes back to PAlb *nera ... F View
6 Albanian Tosk burrë Borrowed from OHG gibūro 'peasant ... View
6 Albanian Tosk mashkull Also 'hook'. Borrowed from Lat ... (S) View
110 Ancient Greek ἀνήρ anɛ́ːr G.sg. ἀνδρός (with δ-epenthesis ... F View
32 Greek άντρας ˈandras New N.sg. stem remodelled ... F View
31 Greek Lesbos ANTRAS F View
129 Classical Armenian այր ayr Identical to /lexeme/28526/ 'husband'. F View
8 Armenian Eastern մարդ mɑɾtʰ Also 'human being'. Identical to ... K View
8 Armenian Eastern այր ayr (F) View
7 Armenian Western մարդ mɑɾtʰ K View
128 Avestan vīrō C View
128 Avestan F View
131 Old Persian *nar- (F) View
136 Sogdian nyrk Manichean F View
75 Wakhi DAEI View
75 Wakhi XULG View
75 Wakhi MERDINA K View
9 Baluchi MARD, MAR K View
118 Kurdish mêr K View
137 Zazaki merdim K View
137 Zazaki mērdek K View
72 Tajik MARD K View
54 Persian mard mæɾd Cognate with Old Armenian mard. K View
54 Persian ADAM (L) View
77 Waziri NAR F View
77 Waziri SARAI A View
77 Waziri NER F View
1 Pashto SARAJ A View
138 Shughni čōr P View
138 Shughni nafar (Q) View
139 Sarikoli čurik P View
139 Sarikoli xalg (V) View
52 Ossetic laeg, naelgojmag læɡ, nælɡojmaɡ D View
124 Ossetic Iron lɐg lɐg D View
125 Ossetic Digor lɐg lɐg D View
141 Kata-viri mʌnši A View
154 Vasi-vari wërǰimī, warǰemī C View
153 Askunu mac K View
105 Vedic Sanskrit nā́ F View
162 Pāḷī nara F View
41 Khaskura MANCHHA A View
41 Khaskura MANIS A View
41 Khaskura JANA W View
51 Nepali MANCHE A View
51 Nepali PURUKH M View
51 Nepali LOGNE X View
106 Assamese mūni Mayang A View
106 Assamese mānuh A View
102 Oriya lokɔ lokɔ (X) View
102 Oriya mɔṇisɔ mɔɳisɔ also PERSON A View
102 Oriya purusɔ purusɔ M View
10 Bengali PURUS M View
111 Bihari admi admi (L) View
144 Magahi मरद mərəd̪ (K) View
104 Marwari minakh A View
104 Marwari ādamī AF admi (L) View
35 Hindi ADMI (L) View
119 Urdu آدمی ʔɑd̪mi (L) View
119 Urdu مرد məɾd̪ (K) View
103 Sindhi purusu M View
103 Sindhi naru F View
103 Sindhi māṇhũ AF māṛhũ A View
43 Lahnda ADMI (L) View
53 Punjabi ADMI (L) View
33 Gujarati MANES A View
50 Marathi purus M View
40 Kashmiri MARD (K) View
40 Kashmiri PORUSH M View
40 Kashmiri NAR F View
40 Kashmiri ZONU A View
65 Sinhalese miniha miniha A View
34 Romani Greece MRUS K View
100 Old Church Slavonic мѫжь mɔ̃ʒɪ̆ A View
95 Serbo-Croatian muškarac muʃˈkǎːrats A View
15 Bulgarian мъж mɤʒ A View
92 Macedonian маж maʒ An alternative derivative is 'машко'. A View
60 Russian мужчина muʐ'tʃina A View
55 Polish mężczyzna mɛɰ̃ʂˈtʂɘ̟zna A View
16 Belarusian мужчына muʐˈtʂɨna A View
73 Ukrainian чоловік tʂɔɫɔˈvik G View
66 Slovak muž muʒ A View
66 Slovak chlap xlap I View
18 Czech muž muʒ A View
48 Sorbian Upper muž muʒ A View
47 Sorbian Lower muski ˈmuski An alternative lexeme is 'muž ... A View
97 Slovenian človek ˈtʃlɔ̂ːvɛk G View
108 Old Prussian wijrs C View
44 Latvian vĩrs C View
46 Lithuanian vyras ˈʋʲi:rɐs Also 'husband'. C View
109 Old Norse maðr ˈmaðr A View
109 Old Norse verr verː (C) View
109 Old Norse karl karl also ‘old man, man of ... (H) View
109 Old Norse karlmaðr ˈkarlˌmaðr AF maðr, general term, also ... A, H View
109 Old Norse gumi ˈɡumi (B) View
36 Icelandic karlmaður ˈkʰard̥lˌmaːðʏr A, H View
36 Icelandic maður ˈmaːðʏr Replaced MADR. Also 'human being'. A View
36 Icelandic karl ˈkʰard̻l H View
23 Faroese maður ˈmɛaːvʊɹ Also means 'husband'. A View
23 Faroese kallmaður ˈkʰad̥lˌmɛaːvʊɹ A, H View
58 Norwegian Riksmal mann manː A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal kar kaːɾ H View
159 Stavangersk kar kɑːʁ H View
159 Stavangersk mann manː A View
157 Old Swedish gumi ˈɡuːmi B View
157 Old Swedish karl kaːrl H View
157 Old Swedish madher ˈmaːðer A View
69 Swedish karl kɑ:r H View
69 Swedish man manː A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina MAN A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina KAR H View
70 Swedish Uppland MAN A View
70 Swedish Uppland KARL H View
145 Elfdalian kall kɑlː H View
145 Elfdalian mann A View
20 Danish mand manˀ A View
158 Danish Fjolde mand mɑnʲ A View
160 Old Gutnish karl Only the definite form karlin ... H View
160 Old Gutnish maþr A View
161 Gutnish Lau man manː A View
161 Gutnish Lau kal kɑːl H View
99 Old English wer C View
22 English man mæn A View
26 Frisian man mɔn A View
21 Dutch man mɑn A View
24 Flemish MAN A View
83 Afrikaans MAN A View
87 Sranan SOEMA View
126 Old High German man A View
27 German Mann man A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch MAAN A View
120 Luxembourgish Mann A View
121 German Switzerland maa A View
107 Gothic guma B View
107 Gothic waír C View
112 Latin uir wir gen. uirī C View
17 Catalan home ˈɔmə B View
56 Portuguese homem ˈɔmɐ̃ĩ B View
56 Portuguese VARAO View
68 Spanish hombre 'ombɾe Also 'person'. B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari OMINI B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro OMINE B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro OMINE B View
85 French Creole Dominica NOM B View
76 Walloon OME B View
25 French homme ɔm B View
57 Provencal òme ˈɔme B View
42 Ladin HOMENS, CRASTIAUN B View
146 Dolomite Ladino uómo Online dictionary gives om (same ... B View
146 Dolomite Ladino mašcio T View
146 Dolomite Ladino cristian Identical to /lexeme/31843/ 'person'. View
123 Romansh bia(ra) < *plerum. View
123 Romansh um B View
123 Romansh mascal T View
122 Friulian om B View
122 Friulian mascli T View
39 Italian uomo 'wɔmo B View
59 Romanian bărbat bərˈbat E View
74 Vlach BERBATU E View
140 Gaulish uiros Extremely common element of personal ... C View
127 Old Irish fer ɸʹer C View
149 Old Cornish gur C View
101 Middle Cornish gour gu:r (C) View
101 Middle Cornish den dɛ:n B View
101 Middle Cornish gwas (U) View
148 Old Breton gur C View
172 Middle Breton den, din ˈdeːn Not the Swadesh term if ... B View
172 Middle Breton gour ˈguːr According to the Catholicon (1499 ... C View
12 Breton paotr View
12 Breton den ˈdẽːn Not the Swadesh term if ... B View
150 Old Welsh gur C View
79 Welsh gŵr gu:r C View
79 Welsh dyn B View
38 Irish fear C View
38 Irish duine (B) View
115 Scottish Gaelic duine human being (B) View
115 Scottish Gaelic fear fɛɾ adult male C View
147 Manx fer (C) View
147 Manx dooinney Identical to /lexeme/32019/ 'person'. B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T burrë ˈburə Borrowed from OHG gibūro 'peasant ... View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T mashkull Also 'hook'. Borrowed from Lat ... (S) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T njeri Goes back to PAlb *nera ... F View
29 [Legacy] Greek K ANER F View
28 [Legacy] Greek D ANTRAS F View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md ANTRAS F View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian COVEK G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian muškarac muʃkǎːrats A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P COVEK G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian maz maʃ Also 'husband'. A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian COVEK G View
94 [Legacy] Russian P CELOVEK G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P CZLOWIEK G View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CALAVEK G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P COLOVIK G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E MUSKI A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E XLAP I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P CLOVEK G View
91 [Legacy] Czech P CLOVEK G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian MOZ, MASKI A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O VYRAS C View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian homem ˈomẽĩ Same as 'person'. B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Mann < Pr. Germ. *mannan- ‘man’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C NOM B View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gwaz gwa:s Same as lexeme for husband. U View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gour C View
14 [Legacy] Breton St den B View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GOAS U View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DYN B View
37 [Legacy] Irish A FEAR C View