IELex

liver

«live (prev) ― 96 ― (next) long»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. He cut the liver from the carcass.
2. A human liver is larger than a dog’s liver.

Applicable to both humans and animals. ‘Liver’ as a body organ rather than an abstract vessel for the mind, soul, etc., see ‘heart’. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *(H)i̯ekʷr̥- E View
80 Hittite lissi Two possible etymologies: (i) < *lis-rt ... View
82 Tocharian B wästarye View
88 Albanian mëlçi e zezë Borrowed < Ital milza id., possibly ... (C) View
143 Standard Albanian mëlçi Also 'lung'. Originally 'spleen', borrowed ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily u-fighatu Loan < Lat figato 'stuffed (liver)'. View
4 Albanian Corinth shpretkë Borrowed < Lat splēnēticum 'related to ... View
3 Albanian Gheg mëlçi e zezë Borrowed < Ital milza id., possibly ... (C) View
6 Albanian Tosk mëlçi e zezë Borrowed < Ital milza id., possibly ... (C) View
110 Ancient Greek ἧπαρ hɛ̑ːpar G.sg. ἥπατος E View
152 Tsakonian σκωκι K View
32 Greek συκώτι siˈko̞ti Added -i- to SKOTI. K View
31 Greek Lesbos SEKOTI K View
129 Classical Armenian լեարդ leard E View
8 Armenian Eastern lyard lɪ̯ɑrtʰ E View
7 Armenian Western LIART (JIYER) E View
128 Avestan yākarə E View
174 Khotanese ɡyaɡarrä E View
75 Wakhi JIGAR E View
9 Baluchi JAGHAR E View
118 Kurdish ceger E View
137 Zazaki qesibā (G) View
72 Tajik jigar dʒiɡær Changed from CIGAR. E View
54 Persian JEGAR E View
77 Waziri YENNA E View
1 Pashto INA E View
138 Shughni θōd N View
138 Shughni jigār (E) View
139 Sarikoli θud N View
52 Ossetic igaer iɡær E View
124 Ossetic Iron igɐr igɐr E View
125 Ossetic Digor igɐr igɐr E View
154 Vasi-vari azətī A View
153 Askunu wīen, yūn E View
105 Vedic Sanskrit yákr̥t E View
162 Pāḷī yakana E View
41 Khaskura KALEJO L View
51 Nepali KALEJO L View
106 Assamese zɒkrit zɒkrit (E) View
102 Oriya pḷiha pɭiha (P) View
102 Oriya kɔlija kɔlija eating context L View
10 Bengali KOLJE L View
111 Bihari kərej kərej L View
144 Magahi लिभर libʰər View
35 Hindi DIL (Q) View
119 Urdu کلیجی، کلیجہ kəleʤi, kəleʤə L View
103 Sindhi jigaru ‘the liver, vitals, kernel, core ... (E) View
43 Lahnda JIGER (E) View
53 Punjabi JIGER (E) View
50 Marathi yekrit (E) View
50 Marathi kālīdz 'kaɭi:dz L View
40 Kashmiri JIGAR (E) View
40 Kashmiri KALEJA L View
65 Sinhalese PIKUDU R View
34 Romani Greece KALINJO L View
100 Old Church Slavonic ѩтрьцє jɛ̃trɪ̆tsʲɛ The lexeme is not attested ... I View
95 Serbo-Croatian jetra ˈjɛ̂tra I View
15 Bulgarian черен дроб ˈtʃɛrɘn drɔb H View
92 Macedonian џигер dʒiɡɛr (E) View
92 Macedonian црн дроб tsərn drob H View
60 Russian печень 'pʲɛtʃɛnʲ J View
55 Polish wątroba vɔnˈtrɔba I View
16 Belarusian печань ˈpʲɛtʂanʲ J View
73 Ukrainian печінка pɛˈtʂinka J View
66 Slovak pečeň ˈpɛtʃɛɲ J View
18 Czech játra ˈjaːtra I View
48 Sorbian Upper jatra ˈjatʀa I View
47 Sorbian Lower jětša ˈjɪtʂa I View
97 Slovenian jetra ˈjěːtra I View
108 Old Prussian jagno AF agno E View
44 Latvian aknas E View
46 Lithuanian KEPENOS (PL.), KEPENYS (PL.) M View
109 Old Norse lifr lifr B View
36 Icelandic lifur ˈlɪːvʏr Changed from LIFR. B View
23 Faroese livur ˈliːvʊɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal lever ˈlɛʋːəɾ B View
157 Old Swedish liver ˈliːver B View
69 Swedish lever ˈle:vər B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina LEVAR B View
70 Swedish Uppland LEVER B View
145 Elfdalian lyr lyːr B View
20 Danish lever ˈlewʌ B View
158 Danish Fjolde levər lewəɹ B View
161 Gutnish Lau livar ˈlɪːvar B View
99 Old English lifer B View
22 English liver 'lɪvə B View
26 Frisian lever 'le:vər B View
21 Dutch lever 'levər B View
24 Flemish LEVER B View
83 Afrikaans LEWER B View
87 Sranan LEVER B View
126 Old High German lebara B View
27 German Leber 'le:bɐ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch LEVVER B View
120 Luxembourgish Liewer B View
121 German Switzerland läbere B View
112 Latin iecur ˈjekur gen. iecoris or iecinoris E View
17 Catalan fetge 'fedʒə F View
56 Portuguese fígado ˈfiɣɐðu F View
68 Spanish hígado 'iɣaðo F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FIGAU F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro VIVENTE View
63 Sardinian Nuoro IKATU F View
85 French Creole Dominica FWA F View
76 Walloon FEUTE F View
25 French foie fwa F View
57 Provencal FEGE F View
42 Ladin FIO F View
146 Dolomite Ladino fi(g)à F View
123 Romansh dir O View
123 Romansh fio F View
123 Romansh (g)nirom, glirom < *nigrāmen: nigrum. View
122 Friulian fiât F View
122 Friulian neri < *nigrāmen: nigrum. Identical to /lexeme/26176/ 'black'. View
122 Friulian dûr O View
39 Italian fegato 'fegato F View
59 Romanian ficat F View
74 Vlach IDKATU F View
127 Old Irish óa, áe o:a (?), ai óa is the Old Irish ... D View
149 Old Cornish auu D View
101 Middle Cornish avi avi AF avy, avey D View
148 Old Breton avu Middle Breton. D View
172 Middle Breton auu, auv, affu, eü ˈaːvy D View
12 Breton avu ˈaːvy D View
150 Old Welsh afu Middle Welsh. D View
79 Welsh iau, afu North, south Wales. D View
38 Irish ae e: D View
115 Scottish Gaelic atha D View
147 Manx aane D View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T mëlçi Loanword < It. milza 'spleen'. Possibly ... (C) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HEPAR E View
28 [Legacy] Greek D SEKOTI K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md SEKOTI, SUKOTI K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian JETRA I View
113 [Legacy] Serbian jetra I View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P CEREN DROB H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian džíger ˈʤiɡɛr View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian crn drob /ʦr̩n drɔp H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P PECEN J View
93 [Legacy] Polish P WATROBA I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P PECAN J View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P PECINKA J View
19 [Legacy] Czech E YATRA I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P JATRA I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P JATRA I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian JTRA I View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KEPENYS M View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian figado ˈfigɐdu F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Leber < Pr. Germ. *librō- ‘liver’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C FWA F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St avu ɑːvy D View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se AHU D View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C AFU D View
37 [Legacy] Irish A AE, AENNA (PL.) D View