IELex

lie

«leg (prev) ― 94 ― (next) live»
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Description

1. Man can stand, sit, or lie.
2. Why are you lying in bed?
3. He is lying on his side.

A verb of continuative/durative action. It is generally not recommended to fill in the slot with the inchoative verb ‘to lie down’, although such practice is rather frequent (and, in truth, both notions are quite commonly expressed with the same root). Context 3 may elicit a different expression or stem, in which case it should be discarded, in favour of the basic context in 1. Cf. similar requirements for No.75 ‘to sit’, No.80 ‘to stand’. NB: this entry does not mean ‘to speak untruthfully’! (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *legʰ- A View
114 Proto-Indo-European *k̑ei̯- K View
80 Hittite kitta K View
133 Luvian zīyari K View
134 Lycian sijẽni K View
135 Palaic kītar K View
81 Tocharian A lalku (?; pret. ptc.) A View
82 Tocharian B lyaśäṃ A View
88 Albanian rri Goes back to PAlb *rina ... View
143 Standard Albanian rri shtrirë rri = 'to sit, stand, stay ... B View
2 Albanian Sicily shtrij From PAlb *strinja, related to ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth shtrij From PAlb *strinja, related to ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk shtrij From PAlb *strinja, related to ... B View
173 Mycenaean Greek ke-ke-me-na kekei̯mena Perfect medio-passive participle, feminine singular ... K View
110 Ancient Greek κατακλῑ́νομαι kataklíːnomai̯ EXCLUDE. (V) View
110 Ancient Greek κεῖμαι kȇːmai̯ Inf. κεῖσθαι K View
32 Greek κείμαι EXCLUDE. (K) View
32 Greek ξαπλώνω ksaˈplo̞no̞ G View
31 Greek Lesbos KSAPLONO G View
129 Classical Armenian ankeal kam View
8 Armenian Eastern ankeal kam View
8 Armenian Eastern պառկել pɑrˈkɛl View
7 Armenian Western պառկիլ bɑɾɡil View
128 Avestan saēte K View
9 Baluchi WAFSAGH J View
118 Kurdish xwe dirêj kirin J View
72 Tajik xobidan xɔːbi’dæn Lie down. J View
72 Tajik DAROZ KASIDAN J View
54 Persian KHABIDAN (DERAZ KASHIDAN) J View
77 Waziri LMOSTEL N View
1 Pashto PREVATELAJ (3 SG.) O View
138 Shughni aγ̆as M View
139 Sarikoli alos : alы(y)d M View
52 Ossetic xuyccyn χwɨssɨn Removed FAERSYL (UYN). C View
124 Ossetic Iron χʷyšš- χʷyšš- C View
125 Ossetic Digor χuss- χuss- C View
141 Kata-viri či- K View
105 Vedic Sanskrit śḗ́tē K View
162 Pāḷī seti K View
51 Nepali KOLTE SUTNU D View
106 Assamese bagɒr bagɒr P View
102 Oriya pɔṛithiba beḷe pɔɽithiba beɭe ‘while lying’ (stem = pɔṛ-, beḷe ... Q View
102 Oriya kɔreiu kɔreiu R View
10 Bengali SOA D View
111 Bihari sutəb sutəb ‘lie down, go to bed’ K View
111 Bihari leṭab lie down' H View
144 Magahi पडना pəɽnɑ Q View
104 Marwari chāpalabō ‘to lie in wait, to ... S View
35 Hindi letna leʈna 'Lie down.' H View
119 Urdu لیٹنا leʈnə H View
43 Lahnda LETEN H View
53 Punjabi LETNA H View
33 Gujarati SUWU, (ARA PERWU) D View
50 Marathi pedne Q View
65 Sinhalese ALA/WENAWA T View
34 Romani Greece UZANURUM U View
100 Old Church Slavonic лєжати lɛʒati A View
95 Serbo-Croatian ležati ˈlɛ̌ʒati A View
15 Bulgarian лежа ləˈʒɤ A View
92 Macedonian лежи ˈleʒi A View
60 Russian лежать lʲɛˈʐatʲ A View
55 Polish leżeć ˈlɛʐɛtɕ A View
16 Belarusian ляжаць lʲaˈʐatsʲ A View
73 Ukrainian лежати lɛˈʐatɪ A View
66 Slovak ležať ˈlɛʒac A View
18 Czech ležet ˈlɛʒɛt A View
48 Sorbian Upper ležeć ˈleʒɛtʃ A View
47 Sorbian Lower lažaś ˈlʲaʐaɕ A View
97 Slovenian ležati lɛˈʒǎːti A View
44 Latvian gul ̜ I View
46 Lithuanian GULETI I View
109 Old Norse liggja ˈliɡːja AF liggr A View
36 Icelandic liggja ˈlɪcːa A View
23 Faroese liggja ˈlʊd̥ʒa A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ligge ˈlɪ̀ɡːə A View
159 Stavangersk ligga ˈlɪ̀ɡːa A View
157 Old Swedish liggia ˈliɡːja A View
69 Swedish ligga ˈlɪ̀gːa A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina LIGA A View
70 Swedish Uppland LIGGA A View
145 Elfdalian ligga lɪ̀gːɑ A View
20 Danish ligge ˈleg̥ə A View
158 Danish Fjolde leg leɣ A View
160 Old Gutnish liggia A View
161 Gutnish Lau liggä ˈlɪɡːɛ A View
99 Old English ligþ A View
22 English to lie laɪ A View
26 Frisian liggen East Frisian. A View
21 Dutch liggen 'lɪɣə(n) A View
24 Flemish LIGGEN A View
83 Afrikaans LE, LEG A View
87 Sranan LIDOM A View
126 Old High German ligit A View
27 German liegen 'li:gn̩ A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch LAYK A View
120 Luxembourgish leien A View
121 German Switzerland lige A View
107 Gothic ligiþ A View
112 Latin iacēre jaˈkeːre iaceō, iacēre, iacuī, iacitum E View
17 Catalan descansar dəskən'sa 'to rest'. View
17 Catalan reposar rəpu'za Replaced RESPOSAR. View
17 Catalan jeure 'ʒɛuɾə replaced JAURER. E View
56 Portuguese estar deitado ɨʃˈtaɾ dejˈtadu State. PP of deitar. View
56 Portuguese ESTAR POSTO View
56 Portuguese deitar-se dɐjˈtaɾse Action. Cognate with /lexeme/26256/? View
68 Spanish YACER E View
68 Spanish echarse e'ʧaɾse Action of lying. View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SI KROKKAI View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ISTERRIARE View
63 Sardinian Nuoro IMBOLARE View
85 French Creole Dominica KUSE L View
76 Walloon SI COUKI L View
25 French se coucher sə kuʃe Also s'allonger or être ... L View
57 Provencal COUCHA L View
57 Provencal JAIRE E View
42 Ladin GIASCHAIR E View
146 Dolomite Ladino štèr butà ju View
123 Romansh scher E View
122 Friulian distirâsi View
122 Friulian jessi E View
39 Italian giacere dʒa'tʃere E View
59 Romanian a se culca Action of lying (down). Replaced ... L View
59 Romanian a sta întins State of lying (down). View
127 Old Irish laigid laɣʹəðʹ A View
101 Middle Cornish gorwedha gɔr'wɛða F View
148 Old Breton gouruez F View
172 Middle Breton bezaff gouruezet, gourvezet ˈbeðaṽ gurˈveːðet Light-verb construction (bezaff 'to be ... F View
12 Breton bezañ en e c'hourvez/bezañ gourvezet ˈbeːzã en e ˈxurves/ˈbeːzã gurˈveːzet Light-verb constructions. 1. bezañ 'to ... F View
150 Old Welsh gorwed Middle Welsh. F View
79 Welsh gorwedd F View
38 Irish luigh l̪ˠɪɟ, l̪ˠiː Munster, Connacht & Ulster. Removed -IM. A View
115 Scottish Gaelic laige (state) A View
147 Manx lhie A View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T dergj Also 'to lay sick, to ... View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T shtrij From PAlb *strinja, related to ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KEIMAI related to /cognate/1539/ K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KATHOMAI View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KSAPLONOMAI G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian LEZATI A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian ležati lěʒati A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P LEZA A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian LEGNE, LEZI A View
94 [Legacy] Russian P LEZAT A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P LEZAC A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P L AZAC A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P LEZATY A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E LEZAT A View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P LEZAT A View
91 [Legacy] Czech P LEZETI A View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian LEZI A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GULETI I View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian JAZER E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich liegen < Pr. Germ. *leg(j)an- ... A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C KUSE L View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gourvez(et) 'gurvɛs F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GOURVE F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C GORWEDD F View
37 [Legacy] Irish A LUIGHE A View