IELex

left

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Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. Humans have two hands, a left hand and a right hand.
2. This person uses his left hand to hold a pen/axe/knife but that person uses his right hand.
3. I felt myself all over after the accident and found that my left side hurt.

Not to be confused with left as in 'remaining'. Antonym of no. 124 'rightside'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *(H)sei̯u̯ó- T View
133 Luvian ipalis View
81 Tocharian A śālyi View
82 Tocharian B śwālyai (adv.) View
88 Albanian MAJT Borrowed < Rom *manctus, based on ... (C) View
143 Standard Albanian i, e majtë Borrowed < Rom *manctus, based on ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily E-STREMBRA View
4 Albanian Corinth ZERVIST U View
3 Albanian Gheg MAJT Borrowed < Rom *manctus, based on ... (C) View
6 Albanian Tosk MENGER D View
110 Ancient Greek λαιός lai̯ós EXCLUDE. (J) View
110 Ancient Greek ἀριστερός aristerós G.sg. ἀριστεροῦ M View
32 Greek zerva ze̞rˈva split from DKB. Changed from ... (U) View
32 Greek αριστερός aˌriste̞ˈra M View
31 Greek Lesbos ARISTEROS M View
129 Classical Armenian ձախ jax E View
129 Classical Armenian ահեակ aheak View
8 Armenian Eastern jax ʣɑχ E View
7 Armenian Western ZAGH (ZARK) E View
128 Avestan haoiiō T View
136 Sogdian pr’γsy Sogdian Y View
75 Wakhi CUP F View
9 Baluchi CHAP F View
137 Zazaki čep F View
72 Tajik CAP F View
54 Persian CHAP F View
77 Waziri KINR A View
1 Pashto KIN A View
138 Shughni čāp F View
139 Sarikoli čop F View
52 Ossetic galau ɡaliw W View
124 Ossetic Iron galiw galiw W View
125 Ossetic Digor galew galew W View
141 Kata-viri ka Z View
105 Vedic Sanskrit savyás T View
162 Pāḷī vāma G View
41 Khaskura DEBRO N View
51 Nepali DEBRE N View
106 Assamese baõ baõ G View
102 Oriya bã bã G View
10 Bengali BA, BAM G View
111 Bihari bama bama G View
144 Magahi बांमा bɑ̃mɑ G View
104 Marwari khōbalyā ‘the left hand’ (no ‘hand ... O View
35 Hindi BAYA G View
119 Urdu اُلٹے ہاتھ ʔʊlʈe hɑt̪ʰ split from DKB Ab View
119 Urdu بایاں bɑjɑ̃ split from DKB G View
103 Sindhi khab̄ō O View
43 Lahnda KHEBBA O View
53 Punjabi KHEBBA O View
33 Gujarati DABU N View
50 Marathi dāwī bādzū 'ɖawi: 'badzu: N View
40 Kashmiri KHOWORU O View
65 Sinhalese VAMATA Aa View
34 Romani Greece NASUL related to Rom. NASEL 'runs ... View
100 Old Church Slavonic шѹи ʃyjɪ̆ In the Canon it is ... T View
100 Old Church Slavonic лѣвъ lævʊ̆ J View
95 Serbo-Croatian lijevi ljɛ̂ːviː Ekavian variant 'levi' [ˈlɛ̂ːviː]. J View
15 Bulgarian ляв lʲav Removed final -O. J View
92 Macedonian лев lev J View
60 Russian левый 'lʲɛvɨj J View
55 Polish lewy ˈlɛvɘ̟ J View
16 Belarusian левы lʲɛvɨ J View
73 Ukrainian лівий ˈlʲivɪj J View
66 Slovak ľavý ˈlʲaviː J View
18 Czech levý ˈlɛviː J View
48 Sorbian Upper lěwy ˈlɪwɘ̟ J View
47 Sorbian Lower lěwy ˈlɪwɘ̟ J View
97 Slovenian levi ˈlěːvi J View
44 Latvian krèiss V View
46 Lithuanian KAIRYS P View
109 Old Norse vinstri ˈvinstri K View
36 Icelandic vinstri ˈvɪnstrɪ K View
23 Faroese vinstri ˈvɪnstɹɪ K View
58 Norwegian Riksmal venstre ˈʋɛnstɾə K View
159 Stavangersk venstre ˈʋɛ̀nstʁə K View
157 Old Swedish vinstre ˈvinstre K View
69 Swedish vänster vɛnstər K View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VINSTAR VANSTAR K View
70 Swedish Uppland VANSTER K View
145 Elfdalian wįster ˈwɪ̃́ːstɛr K View
20 Danish venstre ˈvɛnsd̥ʰʁʌ K View
158 Danish Fjolde lengs læŋs (B) View
161 Gutnish Lau vänstar ˈvɛnstar K View
99 Old English winestra K View
22 English left (hand) lɛft IE *leup-, OE LYFT 'weak ... View
26 Frisian links lɪɪks B View
21 Dutch links lɪŋks B View
24 Flemish LINKSCH B View
83 Afrikaans LINKS, HOT B View
87 Sranan KROEKOETOE = NE CROOKED? View
126 Old High German slinc B View
126 Old High German winistar K View
27 German link lɪŋk B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch LINGSS B View
120 Luxembourgish lénks B View
121 German Switzerland linggs B View
107 Gothic hleiduma I View
130 Oscan nertrak fem. abl. X View
132 Umbrian nertru abl. X View
112 Latin sinister siˈnister sinister, sinistra, sinistrum H View
17 Catalan esquerre əs'kɛrə split from DKB. Replaced ESQUER. S View
17 Catalan sinistre si'nistɾə split from DKB H View
56 Portuguese esquerda ɨʃˈkeɾdɐ replaced final -O with -a. S View
68 Spanish izquierda iθ'kjeɾða Changed final -O to -a. S View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MANKA R View
62 Sardinian Logudoro INFAUSTU View
63 Sardinian Nuoro MANKA R View
85 French Creole Dominica GOS L View
76 Walloon GOCHE L View
25 French gauche goʃ L View
57 Provencal GAUCHE, AUCHO L View
42 Ladin SCHNESTER H View
146 Dolomite Ladino zanch View
123 Romansh sanester H View
122 Friulian çampe View
39 Italian sinistro si'nistro H View
59 Romanian stâng Replaced STING. Q View
74 Vlach ASTEGU Q View
127 Old Irish clé kʹlʹe: I View
101 Middle Cornish kledh AF cledh, gledh I View
172 Middle Breton cleiz, cleïz ˈklejs I View
12 Breton kleiz ˈklɛjs I View
79 Welsh aswy split from DKB (T) View
79 Welsh chwith split from DKB P View
38 Irish clé clʲeː removed CLI. I View
115 Scottish Gaelic clì I View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T i, e mëngjër < Rom. *mancinus, cf. Lat. mancus ... D View
29 [Legacy] Greek K ARISTERA M View
28 [Legacy] Greek D ARISTERO M View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DZERBOS split from DKB U View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md ARISTEROS split from DKB M View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian LJEVICA J View
113 [Legacy] Serbian levi AF lijevi J View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P L AV J View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian LEV J View
94 [Legacy] Russian P LEVYJ J View
93 [Legacy] Polish P LEWY J View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P LEVY J View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P LIVYJ J View
19 [Legacy] Czech E LEVO J View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P L AVY J View
91 [Legacy] Czech P LEVY J View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian LEVIC J View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KAIRINIS P View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian ESQUERDO S View
142 [Legacy] German Munich links B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C GOS L View
14 [Legacy] Breton St kleiz klɛjs Also 'chalk'. I View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KLEI I View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CHWITH P View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CLE I View