IELex

lake

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Description

1. Fish are (swimming) in the lake.
2. When it is hot, we swim in the lake.
3. The lake dries up in summer.

May be the same lexeme as 'sea' or may be confused with it. It is possible that only a generic term for 'large watery mass' exists.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- Most likely Indo-European dialectal variant ... L View
80 Hittite lulis etym. dub. (Kloekhorst 2008: 534) View
81 Tocharian A lyäm M View
82 Tocharian B lyam M View
88 Albanian GJOLLI split from DKB C View
88 Albanian LIKJE NI split from DKB N View
143 Standard Albanian liqen N View
2 Albanian Sicily LAGHU N View
4 Albanian Corinth LUCE N View
3 Albanian Gheg GJOLLI C View
6 Albanian Tosk GOL C View
110 Ancient Greek λίμνη límnɛː G.sg. λίμνης J View
32 Greek λίμνη 'limni J View
31 Greek Lesbos LIMNE J View
129 Classical Armenian ծովակ covak View
129 Classical Armenian լիճ lič D View
8 Armenian Eastern lič liʧ D View
7 Armenian Western LICH D View
128 Avestan vairiš Y View
136 Sogdian swmdr Christian; borrowing from Sanskrit (U) View
75 Wakhi ZOI X View
9 Baluchi DHAND A View
137 Zazaki dol (W) View
137 Zazaki gol (V) View
72 Tajik kul kɵl O View
54 Persian DARYACHE R View
54 Persian آب âb L View
1 Pashto DZIHIL (P) View
1 Pashto KUL O View
1 Pashto DAND A View
1 Pashto DARJACA (R) View
1 Pashto GADIR Aa View
138 Shughni qul (V) View
139 Sarikoli kɛwl (V) View
52 Ossetic cad tsad T View
124 Ossetic Iron cad cad T View
125 Ossetic Digor cadɐ cadɐ T View
105 Vedic Sanskrit áp- áp (L) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit sáras (K) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit hradás S View
162 Pāḷī sara K View
41 Khaskura TALAU, TAL Q View
51 Nepali POKHARI split from DKB, = Skrt. PAUṢKARAḤ ... Ab View
51 Nepali TAL split from DKB Q View
51 Nepali JHIL split from DKB P View
106 Assamese hrɒd hrɒd (S) View
102 Oriya hrɔdɔ hrɔdɔ hr- judged to indicate borrowing (S) View
10 Bengali BIL Ac View
111 Bihari jhil jhil P View
144 Magahi झील ɟʰil P View
104 Marwari nāḍī prob. cognate with 'river' in ... Ae View
35 Hindi JHIL P View
119 Urdu جِھیل ʤʰil P View
43 Lahnda JHIL P View
53 Punjabi CIL P View
33 Gujarati SEROWER K View
50 Marathi talāw tə'law Q View
40 Kashmiri SAR split from DKB K View
40 Kashmiri DAL split from DKB Ad View
65 Sinhalese WEWA Af View
100 Old Church Slavonic ѥзєръ, ѥзєръ jɛzɛrɔ, jɛzɛrʊ̆ F View
95 Serbo-Croatian jezero ˈjɛ̂zɛrɔ F View
15 Bulgarian езеро ˈɛzɘru F View
92 Macedonian езеро ˈezɛrɔ F View
60 Russian озеро 'ɔzʲɛrɔ F View
55 Polish jezioro jɛˈʑɔrɔ F View
16 Belarusian возера ˈvɔzʲɛra F View
73 Ukrainian озеро ˈɔzɛrɔ F View
66 Slovak jazero ˈjazɛrɔ F View
18 Czech jezero ˈjɛzɛrɔ F View
48 Sorbian Upper jězor ˈjɪzɔʀ F View
47 Sorbian Lower jazor ˈjazɔr F View
97 Slovenian jezero ˈjêːzɛrɔ F View
108 Old Prussian assaran F View
44 Latvian ęzęrs F View
46 Lithuanian upė ʊpʲe: Same lexeme as 'river'. L View
46 Lithuanian ežeras ˈæ:ʒʲɛɾɐs F View
109 Old Norse vatn vatn H View
36 Icelandic vatn vaʰtn Also 'water'. H View
23 Faroese vatn vaʰtn̥ Same as lexeme meaning water ... H View
58 Norwegian Riksmal innsjø G View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vann ʋanː H View
159 Stavangersk sjø ʂøː G View
159 Stavangersk vattn, vann ˈʋatːn̩, ʋanː also "water" H View
157 Old Swedish vatn vatn H View
69 Swedish sjö ɧøː Removed INSJO. Also 'small sea'. G View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SO G View
70 Swedish Uppland SJO G View
145 Elfdalian sju sjʉː G View
20 Danish søˀ G View
158 Danish Fjolde skå sxɔ G View
99 Old English sǣ G View
99 Old English mere B View
22 English lake leɪk (E) View
21 Dutch meer mer B View
24 Flemish MEER B View
83 Afrikaans MEER, PAN B View
87 Sranan ZEE G View
126 Old High German sēo G View
27 German See ze: G View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WASSER LOCH comp. 'water' + 'hole', etym. of ... H View
120 Luxembourgish Séi G View
121 German Switzerland see G View
107 Gothic saiws G View
112 Latin lacus ˈlakus gen. lacūs E View
17 Catalan ESTANY split from DKB View
17 Catalan llac ʎak split from DKB. removed final ... E View
17 Catalan bassa 'basa split from DKB, fr. BASSIN ... View
56 Portuguese lago 'lagu E View
68 Spanish lago 'laɣo E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari LAGU E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro LAGU E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro LAGU E View
85 French Creole Dominica LETA I View
76 Walloon LAC E View
25 French lac lak E View
57 Provencal LAU, CLAR E View
42 Ladin LEJ, LEIH E View
146 Dolomite Ladino lach E View
123 Romansh lai E View
122 Friulian lâc E View
39 Italian lago 'lago E View
59 Romanian lac E View
140 Gaulish locu Attested in place names, e ... E View
127 Old Irish loch lox E View
101 Middle Cornish lynn lɪn: Z View
172 Middle Breton lenn ˈlenː Z View
12 Breton lenn ˈlɛnː Z View
12 Breton loc'h (E) View
79 Welsh llyn Z View
38 Irish loch l̪ˠɔx E View
38 Irish linn lʲiːnʲ, lʲɪnʲ (Z) View
115 Scottish Gaelic loch ɫ̪ɔx E View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T GJOL split from DKB C View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T LIGEN split from DKB N View
29 [Legacy] Greek K LIMNE J View
28 [Legacy] Greek D LIMNE J View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md LIMNE J View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian JEZERO F View
113 [Legacy] Serbian jezero jêzero F View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P EZERO F View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian EZERO F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P OZERO F View
93 [Legacy] Polish P JEZIORO F View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VOZERA F View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P OZERO F View
19 [Legacy] Czech E YAZERO F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P JAZERO F View
91 [Legacy] Czech P JEZERO F View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian JEZERO F View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O AZERAS F View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian LAGO E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich See G View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LETA I View
14 [Legacy] Breton St lenn lɛn Z View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se LENN Z View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C LLYN Z View
37 [Legacy] Irish A LOCH E View