IELex

know

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Description

1. What’s happened? I don’t know, maybe he knows.
2. Everybody knows that clouds bring rain.

Expresses previous possession of knowledge of a situation; thus, to be separated from (a) acquisition of knowledge — ‘to recognize’, ‘to learn’, ‘to get to know’, etc.; (b) acquaintance with an object/person — ‘to know the way’, ‘to know one’s name’ etc. (as in French connaître). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *g̑neh₃- "erkennen" (LIV) A View
114 Proto-Indo-European *u̯ei̯d- Perf. *u̯ói̯d- 'have ... F View
80 Hittite sākki View
133 Luvian un(a)i- View
81 Tocharian A knānaṣ A View
81 Tocharian A kärsnāṣ View
82 Tocharian B aiśtär View
82 Tocharian B kärsanaṃ View
88 Albanian di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
143 Standard Albanian di Connected with IE *dhei(ə ... B View
2 Albanian Sicily di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk njoh From PAlb *gnāska related to ... A View
6 Albanian Tosk di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
110 Ancient Greek οἶδα óì̯da Inf. εἰδέναι. Irregular verb; cf ... F View
152 Tsakonian νοιριζου, νιουριζω Southern and northern dialect variants ... View
152 Tsakonian νοιριζου, νιουριζω Southern and northern dialect variants ... A View
152 Tsakonian ξερου G View
32 Greek ξέρω ˈkse̞ro̞ G View
32 Greek γνωρίζω EXCLUDE. (A) View
31 Greek Lesbos KSERO G View
129 Classical Armenian գիտեմ gitem F View
8 Armenian Eastern gitenal gitɛˈnɑl cf. Martirosyan 210, 338 F View
8 Armenian Eastern imanal imɑˈnɑl View
7 Armenian Western KIDNAL F View
128 Avestan zanāiti A View
128 Avestan vaēδa F View
131 Old Persian dānātiy (xšnā-) A View
136 Sogdian γrβ Sogdian J View
75 Wakhi DIS- M View
9 Baluchi SAHIH BIAGH (L) View
118 Kurdish zanîn A View
137 Zazaki zānāyiš A View
72 Tajik OGOX BUDAN A View
72 Tajik donistan dɔːnistæn A View
72 Tajik FAXMIDAN (H) View
54 Persian DANESTAN A View
77 Waziri KHABAR, MOLIM (KNOWN) (I) View
1 Pashto POHEDEL K View
138 Shughni wizān A View
138 Shughni fām (H) View
139 Sarikoli wazon : wazond A View
52 Ossetic zonyn zonɨn A View
52 Ossetic faesmaerun fæsmærun cf. Tadzik faxmidan /lexeme/27066/. P View
124 Ossetic Iron žon- žon- A View
125 Ossetic Digor zon- zon- A View
154 Vasi-vari äzne A View
153 Askunu niŋa- A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vḗda F View
162 Pāḷī jānāti A View
41 Khaskura JANNU A View
51 Nepali JANNU A View
106 Assamese zan zan A View
102 Oriya jaṇ- jaɳ- habitual, knowing someone, something, get ... A View
10 Bengali JANA A View
111 Bihari janəb janəb A View
144 Magahi जानना ɟɑnnɑ A View
104 Marwari ja-ɳɛ ja-ɳɛ ‘know’ A View
104 Marwari ʈhah ʈhah ‘knowledge’ O View
35 Hindi janna dʒan:a A View
119 Urdu جاننا ʤɑnnə A View
103 Sindhi j̄aṇaṇu A View
43 Lahnda JANEN A View
53 Punjabi JANNENA A View
33 Gujarati JANEWU A View
50 Marathi māhit asne 'maɦit əs'ɳe N View
50 Marathi dzānne 'dzaɳɳe A View
40 Kashmiri ZANUN A View
65 Sinhalese KARUNU/DANNAWA A View
34 Romani Greece JANAV A View
100 Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти vædæti F View
95 Serbo-Croatian znati ˈznâti A View
15 Bulgarian зная ˈznajə A View
92 Macedonian знае ˈzna.ɛ A View
60 Russian знать znatʲ A View
55 Polish wiedzieć ˈvjɛdʑɛtɕ F View
16 Belarusian ведаць ˈvʲɛdatsʲ F View
73 Ukrainian знати znatɪ A View
66 Slovak vedieť ˈvɛɟiɛc F View
18 Czech vědět ˈvjɛɟɛt F View
48 Sorbian Upper wědźeć wedʒɛtʃ F View
47 Sorbian Lower wěźeś ˈwɪʑeɕ F View
97 Slovenian vedeti ˈvěːdɛti F View
108 Old Prussian waist inf. F View
44 Latvian zina A View
46 Lithuanian žinoti ʒʲɪˈno:tʲɪ A View
109 Old Norse vita ˈviːta AF veit F View
36 Icelandic vita ˈvɪːta Also 'to see, check'. F View
23 Faroese vita ˈviːta F View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vite ˈʋìːtə F View
159 Stavangersk veda ˈʋèːda F View
157 Old Swedish vita ˈviːta F View
69 Swedish veta ˈvè:ta F View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina VETA F View
70 Swedish Uppland KANNA (TILL) A View
70 Swedish Uppland VETA F View
145 Elfdalian witå ˈwɪ̀tɔ F View
20 Danish vide ˈvi:ðə F View
158 Danish Fjolde veer veːɹ F View
160 Old Gutnish vita F View
161 Gutnish Lau vitä ˈvɪːtɛ F View
99 Old English wāt F View
22 English know nəʊ A View
26 Frisian witte 'vɪtə Removed final -N. F View
21 Dutch weten 'wetə(n) F View
24 Flemish WETEN F View
83 Afrikaans WEET F View
87 Sranan SABI (C) View
126 Old High German weiz F View
27 German wissen 'vɪsn̩ F View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WAYSS F View
120 Luxembourgish wëssen F View
121 German Switzerland wüsse F View
107 Gothic wait F View
112 Latin scīre ˈskiːre sciō, scīre, scīuī, scītum D View
112 Latin nōscere ˈnoːskere EXCLUDED. Early Latin gnōscere. (A) View
17 Catalan conèixer ku'nɛʃə 'To know people'. (A) View
17 Catalan saber sə'βe C View
17 Catalan SEMBLARSE View
17 Catalan SENTIRSE View
56 Portuguese saber sɐˈbeɾ C View
68 Spanish saber sa'βeɾ C View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SIRI D View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ISCHIRE D View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ISKIRE D View
85 French Creole Dominica SAV C View
76 Walloon SAVEUR, SAVU, SEPI C View
25 French savoir savwaʀ To know facts/knowledge, not ... C View
57 Provencal SABE, SAUPRE C View
42 Ladin SAVAIR C View
146 Dolomite Ladino cognóšer Online dictionary gives conosse. < *incognoscēre. A View
146 Dolomite Ladino saér Online dictionary gives saé, savè. C View
123 Romansh saver C View
123 Romansh enconuscher A View
122 Friulian cognossi A View
122 Friulian savê C View
39 Italian sapere sa'pere sapere is to know a ... C View
59 Romanian a ști a ʃti D View
74 Vlach STIU D View
140 Gaulish uid- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... F View
127 Old Irish ro·fitir roˈɸʹidərʹ < IE *wid-r-, root *weid- 'to ... F View
101 Middle Cornish ajon 'æʤɐn all forms in 88 are ... (A) View
101 Middle Cornish godhvos 'gɔθfɔs Compound F View
148 Old Breton gudbut Compound F View
172 Middle Breton gouzout, gouzuout ˈguːðut Compound of Old Breton guid- ... F View
12 Breton gouzout ˈguːzut Compound of Old Breton guid- ... F View
150 Old Welsh gwybot Compound. Middle Welsh. F View
79 Welsh gwn Compound F View
38 Irish fios (nn.) fʲɪsˠ In the expression bí + a ... F View
38 Irish aithin (A) View
115 Scottish Gaelic aithnich (A) View
115 Scottish Gaelic f(h)ios (nn.) F View
147 Manx fys F View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T di di From PAlb *dija connected with ... B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T njoh From PAlb *gnāska related to ... A View
29 [Legacy] Greek K GNORIDZO A View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KSERO G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KSERO split from DKB G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md GNORIDZO split from DKB A View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZNATI A View
113 [Legacy] Serbian znati znâti A View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZANJA A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ZNAE A View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ZNAT A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZNAC A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZNAC A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZNATY A View
19 [Legacy] Czech E VEDET F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ZNAT A View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ZNATI A View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ZNAS A View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O ZINOTI A View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian SABER C View
142 [Legacy] German Munich wissen < Pr. Germ. *witan- ‘to know’. F View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SAV SE C View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gouzout 'gu:zut F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GOUIEIN F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C GWYBOD F View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TA A FHIOS AIGE ("ITS KNOWLEDGE IS AT HIM") F View