IELex

if

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Description

1. If I give you this [insert object of local importance], will you promise not to lose it?
2. If the door is locked, ask me for the key.

Prototypically 'if A then B' sentences.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite takku the same as TAKKU-WAR 'resemble ... View
133 Luvian mān DKB put this in /cognate ... X View
134 Lycian View
135 Palaic mān X View
81 Tocharian A kuprene Windekens split as IE* q ... U View
82 Tocharian B ente View
82 Tocharian B krui View
88 Albanian NE C View
143 Standard Albanian nëse Lexicalised sequence of në (meaning ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily NA C View
4 Albanian Corinth PO D View
3 Albanian Gheg NE C View
6 Albanian Tosk PO D View
110 Ancient Greek εἰ Conditional particle Q View
32 Greek ει i EXCLUDE (Q) View
32 Greek αν an From Attic-Ionic and Hellenistic koiné ... M View
31 Greek Lesbos AN M View
129 Classical Armenian եթե etʰe W View
8 Armenian Eastern et‘e View
7 Armenian Western YETE if identical with Arm. Y-ET ... W View
128 Avestan yaṯ P View
131 Old Persian yadiy Z View
136 Sogdian ’YK /čānu, kaδu/ Sogdian; Arameogram with multiple phonological ... Y View
75 Wakhi UGER E View
9 Baluchi AR, AR KI E View
137 Zazaki eger E View
137 Zazaki sew (ki) Ac View
137 Zazaki wexto ki Ad View
137 Zazaki gāvā Ab View
137 Zazaki -se Aa View
72 Tajik AGAR E View
54 Persian AGAR E View
77 Waziri CHE, KE A View
1 Pashto KA A View
138 Shughni aga(r) E View
139 Sarikoli agar E View
52 Ossetic kuy kwɨ Removed KAED. A View
124 Ossetic Iron kɐd/kʷy kɐd/kʷy A View
125 Ossetic Digor kɐd/ku kɐd/ku A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit yát P View
162 Pāḷī yadi P View
41 Khaskura BHANEDEKHIN prob. comp. of BHANE 'if ... Ah View
51 Nepali JADI P View
106 Assamese z̤âdi z̤âdi P View
106 Assamese te Mayang N View
102 Oriya jɔdi jɔdi P View
10 Bengali JODI P View
111 Bihari yadi P View
111 Bihari ta N View
111 Bihari agar (E) View
144 Magahi अगर əɡər (E) View
104 Marwari jē P View
35 Hindi YEDI split from DKB P View
35 Hindi EGER split from DKB (E) View
119 Urdu اگر ʔəɡəɾ (E) View
103 Sindhi ǰē(kara) ʤē(kara) P View
43 Lahnda JE P View
53 Punjabi JE split from DKB P View
53 Punjabi EGER split from DKB (E) View
33 Gujarati JO P View
50 Marathi dzar dzəɾ P View
40 Kashmiri AY split from DKB P View
40 Kashmiri YED split from DKB P View
65 Sinhalese TOT N View
34 Romani Greece TE N View
100 Old Church Slavonic ащє ɑʃtɛ Ai View
95 Serbo-Croatian ako ˈâkɔ R View
15 Bulgarian ако əˈkɔ R View
92 Macedonian ako ˈakɔ R View
60 Russian если 'jɛsʲlʲi I View
55 Polish jeżeli jɛˈʐɛli The word is formal. Alternative ... I View
16 Belarusian калі kaˈlʲi T View
73 Ukrainian якщо jakˈʂtʂɔ An alternative lexeme is 'коли ... R View
66 Slovak keby ˈkɛbi F View
66 Slovak ak ak R View
18 Czech jestli ˈjɛstlɪ I View
48 Sorbian Upper hdyž dɘ̟ʃ An alternative lexeme is 'jeli ... U View
47 Sorbian Lower gaž ɡaʂ U View
97 Slovenian ako ˈakɔ R View
108 Old Prussian ickai < IE aiq(u)o- 'suited ... View
44 Latvian ja S View
46 Lithuanian KAD split from DKB U View
46 Lithuanian jei jæj split from DKB. Removed JEIGU. S View
109 Old Norse ef ef R View
36 Icelandic ef ɛf R View
23 Faroese um ʊmː split from DKB. Also, inter ... K View
23 Faroese VISS split from DKB (J) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal hvis ʋiːs (J) View
159 Stavangersk viss, vist ʋɪsː, ʋɪst (J) View
157 Old Swedish um umː K View
69 Swedish VRAMT this word doesn't exist ... (Ag) View
69 Swedish såvida soˈvìːda split from DKB (Af) View
69 Swedish om ɔmː split from DKB K View
69 Swedish ifall iˈfalː split from DKB V View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina OM OM K View
70 Swedish Uppland I FALL (ATT) split from DKB V View
70 Swedish Uppland OM split from DKB K View
145 Elfdalian um ʉm K View
20 Danish hvis ves (J) View
158 Danish Fjolde væn væn (U) View
161 Gutnish Lau um umː K View
99 Old English gif R View
22 English if ɪf R View
26 Frisian of ɔf R View
26 Frisian at ɔt View
21 Dutch als ɑls Ae View
21 Dutch indien ɪn'din B View
83 Afrikaans INDIEN split from DKB B View
83 Afrikaans AS split from DKB View
87 Sranan EFI R View
126 Old High German ibu R View
126 Old High German oba View
27 German wenn vɛn U View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WONN U View
120 Luxembourgish wann U View
121 German Switzerland we(nn) U View
107 Gothic jabai R View
130 Oscan svaí Introduces a conditional sentence as ... View
132 Umbrian sve View
112 Latin siː G View
17 Catalan si si G View
56 Portuguese se G View
68 Spanish si si G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SI G View
62 Sardinian Logudoro SI G View
63 Sardinian Nuoro SI G View
85 French Creole Dominica SI G View
76 Walloon SI G View
25 French si si G View
57 Provencal SE G View
42 Ladin SCHA G View
146 Dolomite Ladino se G View
123 Romansh sche G View
122 Friulian se G View
39 Italian se se Also means 'whether'. G View
59 Romanian dacă ˈdakə L View
74 Vlach KA L View
127 Old Irish má, ma ma:, ma H View
101 Middle Cornish yn AF ynne View
101 Middle Cornish mar mar AF before vowels mars H View
101 Middle Cornish a a View
101 Middle Cornish po AF bo View
101 Middle Cornish py View
101 Middle Cornish cen AF sens View
172 Middle Breton ma, mar ma, mar See Hemon (1975, 295ff.) for ... H View
12 Breton ma ma Subordinating conjunction H View
79 Welsh os (O) View
79 Welsh pe View
38 Irish H View
115 Scottish Gaelic nan/nam View
115 Scottish Gaelic ma H View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME GOFTI SE View
29 [Legacy] Greek K AN M View
28 [Legacy] Greek D AN M View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md AN M View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian AKO R View
113 [Legacy] Serbian ako âko R View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P AKO R View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian AKO R View
94 [Legacy] Russian P JESLI I View
93 [Legacy] Polish P JESLI I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KALI T View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KOLY T View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KEBI F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P JESTLI I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P JESTLI I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian CEBIBLO View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O JEI, JEIGU S View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian SE G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich wenn U View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SI G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St ma, mar ma, mar Removed MAZ. H View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se MAR H View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C OS O View
37 [Legacy] Irish A MA H View