IELex

ice

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Description

1. Ice is frozen water.
2. In very cold places, there is a lot of snow and ice.

Not to be confused with 'to turn to ice, to freeze'. References to ice on the ground risk eliciting very specific terms, such as Eng. 'black ice'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *yeg- K View
80 Hittite eka- K View
88 Albanian AKULLI (C) View
143 Standard Albanian akull Loanword < Gmc (E. Gmc, possibly ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily GAC View
4 Albanian Corinth PAGHO J View
3 Albanian Gheg AKULLI (C) View
6 Albanian Tosk KALKAN View
110 Ancient Greek κρύσταλλος krýstalːos G.sg. κρύσταλλου. Uniquely attested ... O View
32 Greek πάγος ˈpaɣo̞s J View
31 Greek Lesbos PAGOS J View
129 Classical Armenian սառն saṙn Connected with OIc. hjarn n ... D View
8 Armenian Eastern saṙuyc’ sɑˈruɪ̯ʦʰ D View
7 Armenian Western SAR D View
128 Avestan aēxəm B View
136 Sogdian yxn(w) Sogdian K View
75 Wakhi yix̌, ix̌ jix B View
75 Wakhi yaz (K) View
9 Baluchi BAWAR F View
72 Tajik JAX K View
54 Persian YAKH jæχ B View
77 Waziri KARANG E View
1 Pashto JAX (B) View
138 Shughni yāx K View
124 Ossetic Iron jiχ jiχ B View
125 Ossetic Digor jeχ jeχ B View
105 Vedic Sanskrit himás M View
162 Pāḷī hima M View
41 Khaskura HIUN M View
51 Nepali HIU M View
106 Assamese bɒrɒph bɒrɒph (F) View
102 Oriya bɔrɔphɔ bɔrɔphɔ cf. SNOW (F) View
10 Bengali borop bɔrɔf, bɔrɔpʰ Also 'snow'. (F) View
111 Bihari barph (F) View
144 Magahi बरफ bərəpʰ Identical to /lexeme/30970/ 'snow'. (F) View
104 Marwari bərəph bərəph (F) View
35 Hindi BERPH (F) View
119 Urdu بَرْف bəɾf (F) View
103 Sindhi barfa ‘ice, snow’ (F) View
43 Lahnda BERF, BERREF (F) View
53 Punjabi BEREPH (F) View
33 Gujarati BEREF (F) View
50 Marathi barpha 'bəɾpʰə (F) View
40 Kashmiri SHUH L View
65 Sinhalese HIMA M View
34 Romani Greece BUZO N View
100 Old Church Slavonic лєдъ lɛdʊ̆ I View
95 Serbo-Croatian led lɛ̂ːd I View
15 Bulgarian led lɛd I View
92 Macedonian мраз mraz An alternative lexeme is 'лед ... A View
60 Russian лёд lʲɔd I View
55 Polish lód lud I View
16 Belarusian лёд lʲɔd I View
73 Ukrainian лід lʲid I View
66 Slovak ľad lʲad I View
18 Czech led lɛd I View
48 Sorbian Upper lód lʊd I View
47 Sorbian Lower lod lʲɔd I View
97 Slovenian led lêːd I View
108 Old Prussian ladis I View
44 Latvian lędus I View
46 Lithuanian LEDAS I View
109 Old Norse íss iːsː B View
36 Icelandic ís i:s B View
23 Faroese ísur ˈʊiːsʊɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal is iːs B View
159 Stavangersk is iːs B View
157 Old Swedish is iːs B View
69 Swedish is i:s B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina IS B View
70 Swedish Uppland IS B View
145 Elfdalian ais ɑɪs B View
20 Danish is iˀs B View
158 Danish Fjolde iis iːs B View
161 Gutnish Lau äis ɛɪs B View
99 Old English īs B View
22 English ice aɪs B View
26 Frisian iis iːs B View
21 Dutch ijs ɛis B View
24 Flemish YS B View
83 Afrikaans YS B View
87 Sranan YSI B View
126 Old High German īs B View
27 German Eis aĭs B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ICE B View
120 Luxembourgish Äis B View
121 German Switzerland iisch B View
107 Gothic *ei-s B View
112 Latin glaciēs glaˈkieːs G.sg. glaciēī G View
17 Catalan GLAS G View
17 Catalan gel ʒɛl G View
56 Portuguese gelo ˈʒelu G View
68 Spanish hielo 'jelo G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari GIACCU G View
62 Sardinian Logudoro BIDDIA View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ASTRAGU semantically related to 'star' < 'ice ... View
85 French Creole Dominica LAGLAS G View
76 Walloon GLECE G View
25 French glace glas G View
57 Provencal GLACO, GEU G View
42 Ladin GLATSCH G View
123 Romansh glatsch G View
122 Friulian glaç G View
39 Italian ghiaccio 'gjattʃo G View
59 Romanian gheață G View
74 Vlach GLECU G View
140 Gaulish iag(o)- Inferred from French hydronyms, e ... K View
127 Old Irish aig aɣʹ K View
101 Middle Cornish yey jɛˑɪ K View
101 Middle Cornish rew (P) View
101 Middle Cornish clini AF glihi (G) View
172 Middle Breton scorn ˈskorn (H) View
12 Breton skorn ˈskɔrn (H) View
79 Welsh RHEW split from DKB (P) View
79 Welsh split from DKB K View
38 Irish oighear, leac oighir əi̯ɾʲ K View
115 Scottish Gaelic eighre, (d)eigh the optional d- of deigh ... K View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T AKULL (C) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PAGOS J View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PAGOS J View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PAGOS J View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian LED I View
113 [Legacy] Serbian led lêːd I View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P LED I View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian MRAZ split from DKB A View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian LED split from DKB I View
94 [Legacy] Russian P L OD I View
93 [Legacy] Polish P LOD I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P L OD I View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P LID I View
19 [Legacy] Czech E LET I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P L AD I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P LED I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian LETT I View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O LEDAS I View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian GELO G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Eis B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C LAGLAS G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St skorn skɔrn H View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se SKORN H View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C IA split from DKB K View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C RHEW split from DKB P View
37 [Legacy] Irish A LEAC OIDHRE K View