IELex

horn

«hold (prev) ― 78 ― (next) how»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. Some animals have horns, some don't.
2. People don’t have horns, some animals do.
3. He grabbed [the beast] by the horn.
4. He cut off [the beast’s] horn.

Applied to the prevailing/endemic species of the given region. If there are different words for ‘hollow horn’ and ‘antler’ and both kinds of species are endemic, the preferred choice is ‘hollow horn’ (‘antler’ is generally less stable and more likely to have a “descriptive” origin). However, the word for ‘antler’ can be used if there are no prevailing cavicorn endemics in the region (e.g., in North Siberia). If there are no cornute species in the region altogether, the slot remains empty (e.g., Oceania). To be strictly separated from termini technici like ‘hunting horn’ or ‘drinking horn’ which may be formed from different roots. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *k̑r̥-n-/*k̑erh₂-/*k̑or-o-h₂- A View
80 Hittite karāwar A View
133 Luvian zurni (HL) A View
135 Palaic sāwidār View
81 Tocharian A kror in Windekens as "croissant de ... A View
82 Tocharian B krorīyai (obl.) A View
143 Standard Albanian bri Related to Swed brind 'deer ... I View
6 Albanian Tosk bri From PAlb *brina related to ... I View
173 Mycenaean Greek ke-ra kéras Noun attested in KN Ra ... A View
110 Ancient Greek κέρας kéras Att. G.sg. κέρως < *κέρα-ος. A View
152 Tsakonian τζερι, τζερατε A View
32 Greek κέρατο ˈce̞raˌto̞ A View
129 Classical Armenian եղջեւր ełǰewr E View
8 Armenian Eastern ełǰyur E View
8 Armenian Eastern poz poz View
128 Avestan sruiie (du.) A View
136 Sogdian qrn’ Christian G View
118 Kurdish qiloç H View
137 Zazaki qoč H View
72 Tajik šox ʃɔːx Cognate with /lexeme/27027. F View
54 Persian shåkh ʃɒx < Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (“branch”). Cognate with ... F View
138 Shughni xōx̆ F View
139 Sarikoli x̆ɛw F View
141 Kata-viri šiŋ (A) View
154 Vasi-vari siṅgi A View
153 Askunu sĭṅ A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit śŕ̥ṅgam 'head, horn' A View
162 Pāḷī singa A View
106 Assamese xiŋ xiŋ A View
102 Oriya siŋ(h)ɔ siŋ(h)ɔ A View
10 Bengali siṅ A View
111 Bihari siŋgh siŋgh A View
144 Magahi सींग sĩŋɡʰ A View
104 Marwari sing sing A View
35 Hindi sīg sĩːɡ A View
119 Urdu سِینگ siŋɡ A View
103 Sindhi sing~u (sic!), sg. A View
43 Lahnda siṅg A View
53 Punjabi siṅg A View
33 Gujarati sĩg A View
50 Marathi śinga 'ʃiŋga A View
40 Kashmiri heṅg A View
65 Sinhalese (h)anga singa A View
34 Romani Greece Šiṅ A View
100 Old Church Slavonic рогъ rɔɡʊ̆ B View
95 Serbo-Croatian rog rɔ̂ːɡ B View
15 Bulgarian рог rɔɡ B View
92 Macedonian рог roɡ B View
60 Russian рог 'rɔg B View
55 Polish róg ruɡ B View
16 Belarusian рог roɣ B View
73 Ukrainian ріг rʲiɦ B View
66 Slovak roh rɔɦ B View
18 Czech roh rɔɦ B View
48 Sorbian Upper róh ʀʊ B View
47 Sorbian Lower roɡ rɔɡ B View
97 Slovenian rog rôːɡ B View
108 Old Prussian ragis B View
44 Latvian rags B View
46 Lithuanian ragas A View
109 Old Norse horn horn A View
36 Icelandic horn hɔrd̥n A View
23 Faroese horn hɔd̥n A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal horn huːɳ A View
159 Stavangersk håddn ˈhɔdːn̩ A View
157 Old Swedish horn horn A View
69 Swedish horn hu:ɳ A View
145 Elfdalian uonn ʉənː A View
20 Danish horn hoɐ̯ˀn A View
158 Danish Fjolde huorn huoɹn A View
160 Old Gutnish horn A View
161 Gutnish Lau hånn honː A View
99 Old English horn A View
22 English horn A View
21 Dutch hoorn horn A View
126 Old High German horn A View
27 German Horn hɔrn A View
120 Luxembourgish Har A View
121 German Switzerland horn A View
107 Gothic haúrn A View
112 Latin cornū ˈkornuː G.sg. cornūs A View
68 Spanish hasta 'lance, horn of deer' < Lat ... D View
68 Spanish cuerno 'kweɾno Changed final -a to -o. A View
25 French corne kɔʀn A View
146 Dolomite Ladino corn A View
123 Romansh tgiern A View
122 Friulian cuar A View
39 Italian corno 'kɔrno A View
59 Romanian corn korn A View
140 Gaulish carnon A View
140 Gaulish banno- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View
127 Old Irish adarc aðərk C View
127 Old Irish benn bʹenn Related to English 'pin'. (J) View
127 Old Irish corn korn < Lat cornu 'id.'. (A) View
149 Old Cornish corn A View
101 Middle Cornish corn kɔrn A View
148 Old Breton corn A View
172 Middle Breton corn, cornn ˈkorn A View
12 Breton korn ˈkɔrn A View
150 Old Welsh corn Middle Welsh. A View
79 Welsh corn fr. Lat. CORNU A View
38 Irish adharc ɤ.əɾk C View
38 Irish corn koːɾˠn̪ˠ (A) View
115 Scottish Gaelic adharc ɤ.əɾk C View
147 Manx eairk C View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T bri From PAlb *brina related to ... I View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian rog B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian rog rôːɡ B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian chifre ˈʃifɾi View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian corno ˈkoʁnu A View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Horn < Pr. Germ. *hurna- ‘horn’. A View
14 [Legacy] Breton St korn A View