IELex

hear

«head (prev) ― 72 ― (next) heart»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. You speak too quietly, I cannot hear you.
2. Suddenly I heard a shot.

Not to be confused with ‘to listen’ (sometimes, but far from always, expressed by the same root). To be separated from ‘to hear’ in the meaning ‘to know’, i.e. ‘to hear that X’ or ‘to hear of X’ (I heard that he died; I heard of it). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *k̑leu̯-/*k̑lu- E View
80 Hittite istamaszi < Anatolian root *stem- denoting sensory ... M View
133 Luvian tūmmantitti M View
81 Tocharian A klyoṣtär (pass.) E View
82 Tocharian B klyauṣäṃ E View
88 Albanian dëgjoj < Lat. intelligere 'to perceive'. More ... C View
143 Standard Albanian dëgjoj Latin source: intelligere 'to perceive'. C View
2 Albanian Sicily GEGEM D View
4 Albanian Corinth GIGEM (AOR. GEJSE) D View
3 Albanian Gheg ndëgoj < Lat. intelligere 'to perceive'. More ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk dëgjoj < Lat. intelligere 'to perceive'. More ... C View
110 Ancient Greek ἀκούω akúɔː Inf. ἀκούειν B View
32 Greek ακούω aˈkuˌo̞ B View
31 Greek Lesbos AKOUGO B View
129 Classical Armenian լսեմ lsem E View
8 Armenian Eastern lsel ləˈsɛl E View
7 Armenian Western LUREL Martirosyan has also UKN (2010 ... E View
128 Avestan surunaoiti E View
131 Old Persian xšnautiy ? F View
136 Sogdian ptγwš- Manichean K View
75 Wakhi KSUI- F View
9 Baluchi ASKHANAGH, ASKHUTHA F View
118 Kurdish bihîştin L View
137 Zazaki āšnāwitiš F View
72 Tajik šunidan ʃunidæn Also 'to listen'. F View
54 Persian SHENIDAN F View
77 Waziri WORWEDEL, ARWEDEL A View
1 Pashto ARVEDEL A View
138 Shughni x̆in E View
139 Sarikoli x̆an : x̆ыd E View
52 Ossetic x'ycyn qusɨn K View
124 Ossetic Iron quš- quš- K View
125 Ossetic Digor iʁos- iʁos- K View
141 Kata-viri sɨŋʌ- E View
154 Vasi-vari nusi- E View
153 Askunu poruj-, puruz- N View
105 Vedic Sanskrit śr̥ṇṓti E View
162 Pāḷī suṇāti E View
41 Khaskura SUNNU E View
51 Nepali SUNNU E View
106 Assamese xun xun E View
102 Oriya suṇ- suɳ- E View
10 Bengali SONA E View
111 Bihari sunəb sunəb also ‘to listen’ E View
144 Magahi सुनना sʊnnɑ E View
151 Bhojpuri sun E View
104 Marwari suɳ suɳ infl. form? E View
35 Hindi SUNNA E View
119 Urdu سُننا sʊnnə E View
103 Sindhi suṇaṇu E View
103 Sindhi b̄undhu O View
43 Lahnda SUNNEN E View
53 Punjabi SUNENA E View
33 Gujarati SAMBHELEWU P View
50 Marathi aikne 'ə͜ikne Q View
40 Kashmiri BOZUN R View
65 Sinhalese AHANAWA S View
34 Romani Greece ASUNAV E View
100 Old Church Slavonic слышати slɯʃati E View
95 Serbo-Croatian čuti ˈtʃûti T View
15 Bulgarian чувам ˈtʃuvəm T View
92 Macedonian чуе ˈtʃu.ɛ An alternative lexeme is 'слуша ... T View
60 Russian слышать 'sɫɨʂatʲ E View
55 Polish słyszeć ˈswɘ̟ʃɛtɕ E View
16 Belarusian чуць tʂutsʲ T View
73 Ukrainian чути ˈtʂutɪ T View
66 Slovak počuť ˈpɔtʃuc T View
18 Czech slyšet ˈslɪʃɛt E View
48 Sorbian Upper słyšeć ˈswɘ̟ʃɛtʃ E View
47 Sorbian Lower słyšaś ˈswɘ̟ʂaɕ E View
97 Slovenian slišati ˈslǐːʃati An alternative lexeme is 'čuti ... E View
108 Old Prussian kīrdeiti iptv. = imperfective? H View
44 Latvian dzìrd H View
46 Lithuanian GIRDE TI H View
109 Old Norse heyra ˈhɛyra AF heyrir B View
36 Icelandic heyra ˈheiːra B View
23 Faroese hoyra ˈhɔiːɹa B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal høre ˈhø̀ːɾə B View
159 Stavangersk höïra ˈhœɪ̀ʁa B View
157 Old Swedish höra ˈhøːra B View
69 Swedish höra ˈhœ̀:ra B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina HOR B View
70 Swedish Uppland HORA B View
145 Elfdalian ära ˈæ̀ːrɑ B View
20 Danish høre ˈhø:ʌ B View
158 Danish Fjolde hyør hyøɹ B View
160 Old Gutnish hoyra B View
161 Gutnish Lau håirä ˈhoɪrɛ B View
99 Old English hīerþ B View
22 English to hear hɪə B View
26 Frisian hearre 'jɛrə Added second -r-. B View
21 Dutch horen 'horə(n) B View
24 Flemish HOOREN B View
83 Afrikaans HOOR B View
87 Sranan JERI B View
126 Old High German hōrit B View
27 German hören 'hørən B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch HAIIR B View
120 Luxembourgish héieren B View
121 German Switzerland ghöre B View
107 Gothic hauseiþ View
112 Latin audīre au̯ˈdiːre audiō, audīre, audīuī, audītum G View
17 Catalan sentir sən'ti Also 'to feel'. I View
56 Portuguese ouvir oˈviɾ G View
68 Spanish oír o'iɾ G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari INTENDI J View
62 Sardinian Logudoro INTENDERE J View
63 Sardinian Nuoro INTENNERE J View
85 French Creole Dominica TAN J View
76 Walloon ORE, OYI G View
25 French entendre ɑ̃tɑ̃dʀ J View
57 Provencal AUSI G View
57 Provencal ENTENDRE J View
42 Ladin UDIR G View
146 Dolomite Ladino sentì(r) I View
123 Romansh sentir I View
123 Romansh udir G View
123 Romansh tedlar < *titulāre. View
122 Friulian sintî (I) View
122 Friulian uldî G View
39 Italian udire u'dire G View
39 Italian sentire sen'tire Also means 'to taste', 'to ... I View
59 Romanian a auzi G View
74 Vlach AVDU G View
140 Gaulish cluiou The attested form is 1sg. E View
127 Old Irish ro·cluinethar roˈklunʹəθər E View
101 Middle Cornish clewes 'klɛwɛs Allegedly derived from bos 'to ... E View
172 Middle Breton cleuet, clevet ˈkleːvet Further graphic variants: cleauuet, cleauet ... E View
12 Breton klevet ˈklɛːvɛt E View
150 Old Welsh clyw- Middle Welsh. E View
79 Welsh clywed E View
38 Irish cluin kl̪ˠɪnʲ E View
38 Irish clois kl̪ˠɔʃ Changed from CLOISIM. E View
115 Scottish Gaelic cluinn E View
147 Manx clashtyn E View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T dëgjoj < Lat. intelligere 'to perceive'. More ... (C) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K AKOUO B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D AKOUO B View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md AKOUO B View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian CUTI E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian slušati to listen to sth.' E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian čuti tʃûti to hear sth.' E View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P SLUSAM E View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian DOCUE, CUE E View
94 [Legacy] Russian P SLUSAT E View
93 [Legacy] Polish P SLYSZEC E View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P SLUCHAC E View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SLUCHATY E View
19 [Legacy] Czech E CUT E View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P SLYSAT E View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SLYSETI E View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian CUJES E View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GIRDETI H View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian OUVIR G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich hören < Pr. Germ. *hauzjan- ‘to hear’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C TAN J View
14 [Legacy] Breton St klevet, klevout 'klɛ:vɛt, 'klɛ:vut E View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KLEUEIN E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CLYWED E View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CLOS E View