IELex

good

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Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. You are a good man, he is a bad man.
2. A good knife.
3. A good house.
4. Good food.

Should be combined with as many different objects as possible. It also makes sense to look for a basic antonymous pair (‘good’ / ‘bad’). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-, *h₁ós-u- Probably derived from √*h₁es- "to ... S View
114 Proto-Indo-European *bʰedró- Ae View
80 Hittite āssus = ON ÁST 'love, affection', Goth ... S View
133 Luvian wāsus T View
135 Palaic wasu- T View
81 Tocharian A kāsu AF (krant-) R View
82 Tocharian B kartse AF krent- R View
88 Albanian mirë cf. Slav *mirb 'peace'. C View
143 Standard Albanian i, e mirë < PAlb *mira forming a separate ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily mirë cf. Slav *mirb 'peace'. C View
4 Albanian Corinth mirë cf. Slav *mirb 'peace'. C View
3 Albanian Gheg mirë cf. Slav *mirb 'peace'. C View
6 Albanian Tosk mirë cf. Slav *mirb C View
110 Ancient Greek ἀγαθός aɡatʰós G.sg. ἀγαθοῦ; ἀγαθός, ἀγαθή ... Af View
110 Ancient Greek καλός kalós EXCLUDE. (I) View
110 Ancient Greek εὐ- eu̯- EXCLUDE. (S) View
152 Tsakonian αγαθε Af View
152 Tsakonian καλε I View
32 Greek καλός kaˈlo̞s I View
32 Greek αγαθός aɣaˈθos Af View
31 Greek Lesbos KALOS I View
129 Classical Armenian բարի bari Possibly an Iranian loanword. If ... U View
129 Classical Armenian լաւ law D View
8 Armenian Eastern lav lɑv D View
7 Armenian Western BARI (PERSON) U View
128 Avestan vaŋhuš T View
131 Old Persian *vahu- T View
131 Old Persian naiba various meanings: good, beautiful, holy ... (W) View
136 Sogdian šr Sogdian V View
136 Sogdian xwp Manichean N View
75 Wakhi XUB (N) View
75 Wakhi BUF Y View
9 Baluchi PHUTUR Z View
118 Kurdish rind Ai View
118 Kurdish baş X View
118 Kurdish qenc Aa View
137 Zazaki hol A View
137 Zazaki weš X View
137 Zazaki rind Ai View
72 Tajik XUB N View
72 Tajik HAWZ M View
54 Persian KHUB N View
77 Waziri SHE V View
1 Pashto SA V View
138 Shughni bašānd X View
139 Sarikoli -o čarǰ Ab View
52 Ossetic DZAEBAEX Ac View
52 Ossetic xorz χorz M View
124 Ossetic Iron χorž χorž M View
125 Ossetic Digor χʷarz χʷarz M View
141 Kata-viri lʌstʌ Ad View
153 Askunu mačík See also mači 'sweet'. Ah View
105 Vedic Sanskrit vásus IE *uesu- 'good' (Walde 1930 ... T View
105 Vedic Sanskrit bhadrá- "glückverheissend, glücklich, erfreulich" (Mayrhofer). (Ae) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit adv. "gut, wohl, recht" (Mayrhofer) (S) View
41 Khaskura RAMRO Aj View
41 Khaskura JATI Q View
51 Nepali ACCHA P View
51 Nepali JATI Q View
51 Nepali BHALO E View
106 Assamese hobā also ‘beautiful’ (Mayang) (N) View
106 Assamese bhāl E View
106 Assamese uttam (Ak) View
102 Oriya bhɔlɔ bhɔlɔ E View
10 Bengali bhalo bʱalo, valo E View
111 Bihari shubh (Ao) View
111 Bihari nik nik (An) View
111 Bihari barhĩyã barhĩyã Al View
144 Magahi बढिया bəɽĩjɑ Al View
144 Magahi निमन nimən Am View
104 Marwari bhalō E View
104 Marwari accho accho as in ‘good (boy/progress’) P View
104 Marwari ʈhik ʈhik as in ‘good work' View
35 Hindi eccha ə:t:ʃʰa: P View
119 Urdu اچّھا، بَھلا ʔəʧʰɑ, bʰəlɑ E, P View
103 Sindhi χūbu (N) View
103 Sindhi suṭhō (masc.), ‘good, nicely, clean' Aq View
103 Sindhi čaṇo Ap View
103 Sindhi bhalō E View
43 Lahnda CENGA K View
53 Punjabi CENGA K View
33 Gujarati SARU Ar View
50 Marathi tsāŋgla 'tsaŋglə K View
40 Kashmiri KHARA, JAN J View
65 Sinhalese HONDA As View
34 Romani Greece LACHO P View
100 Old Church Slavonic добръ dɔbrʊ̆ H View
95 Serbo-Croatian dobar ˈdɔ̂bar H View
15 Bulgarian добър duˈbɤr H View
92 Macedonian добар ˈdobar H View
60 Russian хороший xa'rɔʂɨj At View
55 Polish dobry ˈdɔbrɘ̟ H View
16 Belarusian добры ˈdɔbrɨ H View
73 Ukrainian хороший xɔˈrɔʂɪj At View
66 Slovak dobrý ˈdɔbriː H View
18 Czech dobrý ˈdɔbriː H View
48 Sorbian Upper dobry ˈdɔbʀɘ̟ H View
47 Sorbian Lower dobry ˈdɔbrɘ̟ H View
97 Slovenian dober ˈdǒːbər H View
108 Old Prussian labs D View
44 Latvian labs D View
46 Lithuanian GERAS L View
109 Old Norse góðr ɡoːðr B View
36 Icelandic góður ˈɡ̊ouːðʏr Replaced GOOR. B View
23 Faroese góður ˈɡ̊ɔuːwʊɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal bra bɾaː (Ag) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal god ɡuː B View
159 Stavangersk ɡoe ˈɡuːə B View
159 Stavangersk bra bʁɑː (Ag) View
157 Old Swedish godher ˈɡoːðer B View
69 Swedish god gu:(d) B View
69 Swedish bra brɑː (Ag) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina GO B View
70 Swedish Uppland GOD B View
145 Elfdalian bra brɑː (Ag) View
145 Elfdalian guoð B View
20 Danish god g̥oˀ B View
158 Danish Fjolde guo ɡuo B View
160 Old Gutnish goþr B View
161 Gutnish Lau braar ˈbrɑːar (Ag) View
161 Gutnish Lau gåur ɡour B View
99 Old English gōd B View
22 English good gʊd B View
26 Frisian wol vol cogn. with NE WELL, Du ... View
21 Dutch goed ɣut B View
24 Flemish GOED B View
83 Afrikaans GOED B View
87 Sranan BOEN F View
126 Old High German guot B View
27 German gut gu:t B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch GUUT B View
120 Luxembourgish gutt B View
121 German Switzerland guet B View
107 Gothic gōþs B View
107 Gothic batista "best", suppletive stem of "good". Ae View
130 Oscan ualaemom sup. nl. View
132 Umbrian cubrar gen. fem. View
112 Latin bonus ˈbonus G.sg. bonī; bonus, bona ... F View
17 Catalan bo F View
56 Portuguese bom F View
68 Spanish bueno 'bweno F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari BONU F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro BONU F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro BONU F View
85 French Creole Dominica BO F View
76 Walloon BON, BONE F View
25 French bon bɔ̃ F View
57 Provencal BON, ONO F View
42 Ladin BUNA F View
146 Dolomite Ladino bén Online dictionary gives bon (same ... F View
123 Romansh bein, bien F View
122 Friulian bon Inter. = bon, adj = ben (< Lat ... F View
39 Italian buono 'bwɔno Can also mean coupon or ... F View
59 Romanian bun F View
74 Vlach BUNE F View
140 Gaulish manu-/o- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View
140 Gaulish dagos O View
140 Gaulish matu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... G View
127 Old Irish dag daɣ (O) View
127 Old Irish maith maθʹ < IE *ma-ti-,root: *mā- ‘good ... G View
149 Old Cornish da O View
149 Old Cornish mat G View
101 Middle Cornish da da: O View
101 Middle Cornish mas ma:z G View
148 Old Breton da O View
148 Old Breton mat G View
172 Middle Breton mat ˈmaːt G View
12 Breton da (O) View
12 Breton mat ˈmaːt G View
150 Old Welsh mad Middle Welsh. G View
150 Old Welsh dag O View
79 Welsh da O View
79 Welsh mad (G) View
38 Irish maith mˠa, mˠah, mˠaɪ, mˠaɪh Last 2 forms are from ... G View
115 Scottish Gaelic math ma:, mah G View
147 Manx mie G View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T mirë miɹ(ə) cf. Slav *mirb 'peace'. C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KALOS I View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KALOS I View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KALOS I View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian DOBAR H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian dobar dôbar H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P DOBUR H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian DOBAR, DOBRO H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian AREN View
94 [Legacy] Russian P DOBRYJ H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P DOBRY H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DOBRY H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P DOBRYJ H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E DOBRE H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P DOBRY H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P DOBRY H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian DOBRO H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GERAS L View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian BOM F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich gut < Pr. Germ. *gōda- ‘suitable, good’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C BO F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St mat maːd G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St da O View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se MAT G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DA O View
37 [Legacy] Irish A MAITH G View