IELex

give

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Description

1. I am giving my father a stone.
2. My father is giving me a stone.
3. He gave him a stick, but then snatched it back.

To be distinguished from ‘to hand’, ‘to offer’ etc., as well as special polite forms if encountered. Some languages make a clear and regular distinction between ‘to give (to 1st/2nd person)’ and ‘to give (to 3rd person)’ (cf. the difference between contexts 1 and 2); it is permissible to use these as synonyms if no third ‘recipient-neutral’ party is found. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *deh₃-, *deh₃u̯- See LIV √*deh₃- and √*deh₃u ... B View
80 Hittite pāi F View
133 Luvian piyai F View
134 Lycian pije F View
134 Lycian pibiti F View
135 Palaic pisa- F View
81 Tocharian A eṣ G View
82 Tocharian B aiṣṣäṃ G View
88 Albanian jap < PAlb *en-apa with filling hiatus ... J View
143 Standard Albanian jap < Pr. Alb. *apa, parallel for ... J View
2 Albanian Sicily jap < PAlb *en-apa with filling hiatus ... J View
4 Albanian Corinth jap AOR. = dhase, PPLE. = dhene. < PAlb ... J View
3 Albanian Gheg jap Inf = dhan. < PAlb *en-apa with ... J View
6 Albanian Tosk jap < PAlb *en-apa with filling hiatus ... J View
173 Mycenaean Greek di-do-si didonsi 3.pl.pres.act.ind ... B View
110 Ancient Greek δίδωμι dídɔːmi Inf. διδόναι. B View
152 Tsakonian διου B View
32 Greek δίνω ˈðino̞ Blažek gives also δίδω, but ... B View
31 Greek Lesbos DINO B View
129 Classical Armenian տամ tam B View
8 Armenian Eastern tal tɑl B View
7 Armenian Western DAL B View
128 Avestan daδāiti B View
131 Old Persian dadātiy B View
9 Baluchi DEAGH, DATHA B View
118 Kurdish dan B View
137 Zazaki dāyiš B View
72 Tajik dodan dɔːdæn B View
54 Persian DADAN B View
77 Waziri DERKREL B View
1 Pashto VERKAVEL H View
138 Shughni dedow B View
139 Sarikoli δo : δud B View
52 Ossetic daettyn dættɨn B View
124 Ossetic Iron dɐtt- dɐtt- B View
125 Ossetic Digor dɐtt- dɐtt- B View
141 Kata-viri prɛ- I View
154 Vasi-vari -pli-, pli- I View
153 Askunu pŕ/l-, pŕ/lōta Present and preterite respectively. I View
105 Vedic Sanskrit dádāti B View
162 Pāḷī dadāti B View
41 Khaskura DINU B View
51 Nepali DINU B View
106 Assamese di di AF denā (inf.) (Mayang) B View
102 Oriya de- de- B View
10 Bengali DEOA B View
111 Bihari deb deb B View
144 Magahi देना d̪enɑ B View
151 Bhojpuri de B View
104 Marwari deɳo deɳo B View
35 Hindi dena d̪ena B View
119 Urdu دینا d̪enə B View
103 Sindhi ḍ̄i-aṇu ‘to give’ B View
43 Lahnda DEWEN B View
53 Punjabi DENA B View
33 Gujarati APWU L View
50 Marathi dene 'deɳe B View
40 Kashmiri DYUNU B View
65 Sinhalese DENAWA B View
34 Romani Greece DAV B View
100 Old Church Slavonic дати dɑti Imperfective: 'даяти'. B View
95 Serbo-Croatian dati ˈdâti B View
15 Bulgarian давам ˈdavəm B View
92 Macedonian даде ˈdadɛ B View
60 Russian давать da'vatʲ perfective: 'дать'. B View
55 Polish dawać ˈdavatɕ Imperfective/repetitive form; perfective counterpart ... B View
16 Belarusian даваць daˈvatsʲ Imperfective form; perfective form: 'даць'. B View
73 Ukrainian давати daˈvatɪ Imperfective/repetitive form; perfective counterpart ... B View
66 Slovak dať dac Imperfective: 'dávať'. B View
18 Czech dávat daːvat Imperfective form; perfective form: 'dát'. B View
48 Sorbian Upper dać datʃ Imperfective: 'dawać'. B View
47 Sorbian Lower daś daɕ Imperfective: 'dawać'. B View
97 Slovenian dati ˈdǎːti B View
108 Old Prussian dāst B View
44 Latvian dôd B View
46 Lithuanian duoti ˈduɔtʲɪ B View
109 Old Norse gefa ˈɡeva AF gefr A View
36 Icelandic gefa ˈcɛːva A View
23 Faroese geva ˈd̥ʒeːva A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal gi jiː A View
159 Stavangersk je jeː A View
157 Old Swedish giva ˈɡiːva A View
69 Swedish ge je: From earlier giva [ji:va ... A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina JE A View
70 Swedish Uppland GE, GIVA A View
145 Elfdalian djävå ˈdʒæ̀vɔ A View
20 Danish give g̥i A View
158 Danish Fjolde gi ɡi A View
160 Old Gutnish giefa A View
161 Gutnish Lau gi ɡɪː A View
99 Old English gifþ A View
22 English to give gɪv A View
26 Frisian jaen A View
21 Dutch geven 'ɣevə(n) A View
24 Flemish GEVEN A View
83 Afrikaans GEE A View
87 Sranan GI A View
126 Old High German gibit A View
27 German geben 'ge:bn̩ A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch GEP A View
120 Luxembourgish gin A View
121 German Switzerland gää A View
107 Gothic gibiþ A View
130 Oscan didet [Vestinian] B View
132 Umbrian teřa B View
132 Umbrian dirsa subj. B View
112 Latin dare ˈdare dō, dare, dedī, datum. B View
17 Catalan donar du'na B View
56 Portuguese dar daɾ B View
68 Spanish dar daɾ B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari DONAI B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro DARE B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro DARE B View
85 French Creole Dominica BAY D View
76 Walloon DINER (D'NER, N'NER) B View
25 French donner dɔne B View
57 Provencal DOUNA, BAIA B View
42 Ladin DER B View
146 Dolomite Ladino dèr Online dictionary gives dà (same ... B View
123 Romansh dar B View
122 Friulian B View
39 Italian dare 'dare Historically donare. B View
59 Romanian a da a da B View
74 Vlach DAU B View
140 Gaulish dede Attested form means "has given ... B View
127 Old Irish do·beir doˈbʹerʹ IE Root: *bher- ‘to carry ... E View
101 Middle Cornish ro: ro: ‘giving’, AF roy (C) View
101 Middle Cornish ri: C View
101 Middle Cornish grontyé View
101 Middle Cornish whom AF whon View
148 Old Breton reiff C View
172 Middle Breton reiff, reyff, reyf reˈiṽ C View
12 Breton reiñ C View
150 Old Welsh rodesit C View
79 Welsh rhoddi C View
38 Irish tabhair ˈt̪ˠauɾʲ, ˈt̪ˠoːɾʲ, ˈt̪ˠuːɾʲ Removed -IM. E View
115 Scottish Gaelic thoir E View
147 Manx toyr E View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T jap < PAlb *en-apa with filling hiatus ... J View
29 [Legacy] Greek K DIDO B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DINO B View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DINO B View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian DATI B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian dati dâti B View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P DAM B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian DAVA B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P DAT B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P DAC B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DAC B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P DATY B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E DAT B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P DAT B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P DATI B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian DATI, DAJ B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DUOTI B View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian DAR B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich geben < Pr. Germ. *geban- ‘to give’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C BAY BA D View
14 [Legacy] Breton St reiñ 'rɛĩ C View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se REIN C View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C RHOI C View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TABHAIRT E View