IELex

fruit

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Description

1. He picked a / some fruit from the tree/bush.
2. Trees / bushes bear fruit, but dead trees / bushes have no fruit.
3. What fruits are edible?

Avoid eliciting terms for specific fruits.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite sesan View
133 Luvian alattarsa View
81 Tocharian A oko F View
82 Tocharian B oko F View
88 Albanian PEMA C View
143 Standard Albanian frut Orel gives fryt. Borrowed < Lat ... (B) View
4 Albanian Corinth FRUTO (B) View
3 Albanian Gheg PEMA C View
6 Albanian Tosk FRUTA (PL.) (B) View
110 Ancient Greek καρπός karpós G.sg. καρποῦ. D View
32 Greek φρούτο ˈfruto̞ Loanword from Italian 'frutto'. (B) View
31 Greek Lesbos FROUTO (B) View
129 Classical Armenian պտուղ ptowł Also 'pupil (of the eye ... R View
129 Classical Armenian միրգ mirg View
8 Armenian Eastern mirg View
8 Armenian Eastern ptuł From PIE *bud- 'to swell ... R View
7 Armenian Western BUDUGH View
136 Sogdian βryy Manichean O View
75 Wakhi MIWA A View
9 Baluchi MEWA, BAR A View
72 Tajik meva mevæ A View
54 Persian mive miːve, mejve A View
77 Waziri MEWA A View
1 Pashto MEVA A View
139 Sarikoli yamiš P View
52 Ossetic dyrg' dɨrʁ N View
124 Ossetic Iron dyrʁ dyrʁ N View
125 Ossetic Digor rɐzɐ rɐzɐ Q View
141 Kata-viri miwʌ (A) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit phálam E View
162 Pāḷī phala E View
41 Khaskura PHALPHUL E View
51 Nepali PHAL E View
106 Assamese phɒl phɒl E View
106 Assamese guti guti View
102 Oriya phɔḷɔ phɔɭɔ ‘of a tree’ E View
102 Oriya gilɔ gilɔ View
10 Bengali phol pʰɔl, fɔl E View
111 Bihari phal phal E View
144 Magahi फल pʰəl E View
104 Marwari məhuo məhuo ‘a fruit’ any fruit? View
104 Marwari faḷ ‘fruits’ E View
35 Hindi phel pʰəl E View
119 Urdu پَھل pʰəl E View
103 Sindhi sa-phalō ‘fruitful’ , sa = poss. particle E View
43 Lahnda PHEL E View
53 Punjabi PHEL E View
33 Gujarati phəl pʰəɭ E View
50 Marathi phal pʰəɭ E View
40 Kashmiri PHAL E View
65 Sinhalese gediyə geɖijə cf. Assamese guti. Cognates? View
65 Sinhalese PALATURU, PHALA E View
34 Romani Greece EMISA (I) View
100 Old Church Slavonic плодъ plɔdʊ̆ G View
95 Serbo-Croatian plod plôːd An alternative lexeme is 'voće ... G View
15 Bulgarian плод pɫɔd G View
92 Macedonian плод plod G View
60 Russian плод pɫɔd G View
55 Polish owoc ˈɔvɔts H View
16 Belarusian плод pɫɔd G View
73 Ukrainian плід plʲid G View
66 Slovak plod plɔd G View
18 Czech plod plɔd An alternative lexeme is 'ovoce ... G View
48 Sorbian Upper płód pwʊd G View
47 Sorbian Lower płod pwɔd G View
97 Slovenian plod plôːd G View
108 Old Prussian wēisin K View
44 Latvian aûglis L View
46 Lithuanian VAISIUS K View
109 Old Norse fruktr, fryktr fruktr, fryktr Not attested until quite late ... (B) View
109 Old Norse aldin ˈaldin = Lat. ALERE 'nourish, feed' (Buck ... S View
36 Icelandic aldin ˈald̥ɪn S View
36 Icelandic ávöxtur ˈauːvœxstʏr U View
23 Faroese aldan, aldin ˈald̥an, ˈald̥ɪn S View
23 Faroese frukt fɹʊkt (B) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal frukt fɾʉkt (B) View
159 Stavangersk frokt fʁukt (B) View
157 Old Swedish frukt frukt (B) View
157 Old Swedish aldin ˈaldin S View
69 Swedish frukt frɵkt (B) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FRUKT (B) View
70 Swedish Uppland FRUKT (B) View
145 Elfdalian frukt frʉkt (B) View
20 Danish frugt fʁɔg̥d̥ʰ (B) View
158 Danish Fjolde frogt fɹoɡd (B) View
160 Old Gutnish scafl T View
161 Gutnish Lau skaväl ˈskɑːvɛl T View
161 Gutnish Lau frukt frukt (B) View
99 Old English ofett H View
22 English fruit fru:t (B) View
26 Frisian frucht frøxt (B) View
21 Dutch vrucht vrʏχt (B) View
24 Flemish VRUCHT (B) View
83 Afrikaans VRUG (B) View
87 Sranan NJANJAM split from DKB View
87 Sranan VROEKTOE split from DKB (B) View
126 Old High German obaz H View
27 German Frucht fruxt (B) View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch OEPS H View
120 Luxembourgish Fruucht (B) View
121 German Switzerland frucht (B) View
107 Gothic akran F View
112 Latin pōmum ˈpoːmum G.sg. pōmī; etym. dub. M View
17 Catalan fruit, fruita fru'i, 'fruijt Fruit (generic and figurative), fruit ... B View
56 Portuguese fruta, fruto ˈfɾutɐ, ˈfɾutu Removed -C- from FRUCTO. B View
68 Spanish fruta 'fɾuta Changed final -O to -a. B View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FRUTTA B View
62 Sardinian Logudoro FRUTTU B View
63 Sardinian Nuoro FRUTTORA B View
85 French Creole Dominica FWI B View
76 Walloon FRUT, FRUT' B View
25 French fruit fʀɥi B View
57 Provencal FRU, FRUCHO B View
42 Ladin FRUT B View
146 Dolomite Ladino fruti B View
123 Romansh fritg B View
122 Friulian pome M View
39 Italian frutto 'frutto B View
59 Romanian fruct B View
74 Vlach POMU M View
127 Old Irish torad torəð J View
101 Middle Cornish frooth fro:θ AF frút (B), V View
172 Middle Breton froez, froiz ˈfroeθ The Middle Breton form is ... (B), V View
12 Breton frouezh, frwezh ˈfrweːs (B), V View
79 Welsh ffrwyth (B), V View
38 Irish toradh J View
115 Scottish Gaelic toradh J View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T PEME C, M View
29 [Legacy] Greek K OPORAI split from DKB, 'late fruit ... View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KARPOI split from DKB D View
28 [Legacy] Greek D FROUTO (B) View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md FROUTO (B) View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VOCE (H) View
113 [Legacy] Serbian voće ʋǒtɕe (H) View
113 [Legacy] Serbian plod plôːd fruit (part of plant) G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian óvošje ˈɔvɔʃjɛ H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian EMIS split from DKB I View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PLOD split from DKB G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E OVOCE (H) View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian SADJE fr. the notion of 'plant ... View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O VAISIUS K View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian FRUTA B View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Frucht (B) View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C FWITAZ (CULTIV.) split from DKB B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C GHWEN BWA (WILD) split from DKB View
14 [Legacy] Breton St frouezh 'frwe:s (B), V View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se FREH (B), V View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C FFRWYTH (B), V View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TORADH J View