IELex

freeze

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Description

1. When water freezes, it becomes ice.

Intransitive verb only?

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite ekāizzi itrans., < IE *iég-o-, cognate with 'ice' in /lexeme/24026/, 'cold' in ... View
88 Albanian MERDHIF C View
143 Standard Albanian ngrij < Pr. ALb. *en-kreinja, related to ... D View
4 Albanian Corinth FTOXEM IE *tep- 'to be warm ... View
3 Albanian Gheg MERDHIF C View
6 Albanian Tosk GRIN, AOR. GRIVA D View
110 Ancient Greek πήγνυμαι pɛ́ːgnumai̯ Inf. πήγνυσθαι; intrans. K View
32 Greek παγώνω paˈɣo̞no̞ K View
31 Greek Lesbos PAGONO K View
129 Classical Armenian պաղիմ pałim View
129 Classical Armenian սառչիմ saṙ-č'-im Connected with OIc. hjarn n ... E View
8 Armenian Eastern saṙč'el sɑrˈʧʰɛl Removed SAREL, SARECNEL. E View
7 Armenian Western SARIL E View
75 Wakhi YIS WOTS-, YIS TSER- A View
9 Baluchi MADHAGH, MASTAGH < Proto-Iran. *mad 'to coagulate', = Skrt ... O View
72 Tajik JAX KARDAN, JAX BASTAN A View
54 Persian YAKH BASTAN A View
77 Waziri KARANG (FROZEN) P View
1 Pashto JAX KEDEL A View
52 Ossetic saelyn sælɨn split from DKB, comp. Oss ... M View
52 Ossetic IX KAENYN split from DKB A View
124 Ossetic Iron šɐl- šɐl- M View
125 Ossetic Digor sɐl- sɐl- M View
105 Vedic Sanskrit sthiriibhavati (I), (L) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ghaniibhavati prob. cpd. of GHANA- 'thick ... (L) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit sthagayati (I) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit himiibhavati prob. cpd. of HIMA- 'cold ... (L) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit śīyate pass.? 'to congeal , freeze , be ... (T) View
162 Pāḷī sīyati T View
51 Nepali JAMNU F View
106 Assamese got mar got mar U View
102 Oriya bɔsiǰiba bɔsiǰiba V View
10 Bengali JOMAT split from DKB F View
10 Bengali BADHANO split from DKB W View
111 Bihari jəməb jəməb probably of ice F View
144 Magahi जमना ɟəmnɑ F View
35 Hindi JEMNA F View
119 Urdu جمنا ʤəmnə F View
43 Lahnda JEMMEN F View
53 Punjabi JEMMENA F View
33 Gujarati JHAMEWU, JHAMI JEWU split from DKB F View
33 Gujarati THERWU split from DKB, 'firm' I View
50 Marathi gothne 'goʈʰɳe U View
40 Kashmiri HANDARUN X View
65 Sinhalese KARANAWA split from DKB Y View
65 Sinhalese SITA split from DKB T View
34 Romani Greece BUZLANDU (N) View
100 Old Church Slavonic (по-/съ-)мръзнѫти (po-/sʊ̆-)mr̩znɔ̃ti There is no form without ... C View
95 Serbo-Croatian smrznuti ˈsmr̂znuti C View
15 Bulgarian замръзвам zəˈmrɤzvəm C View
92 Macedonian мрзне ˈmərznɛ C View
60 Russian замер'зать zamʲɛr'zatʲ C View
55 Polish zamarzać zaˈmarzatɕ C View
16 Belarusian замярзаць zamʲarzatsʲ C View
73 Ukrainian замерзати zamɛrˈzatɪ C View
66 Slovak mrznúť ˈmr̩znuc C View
18 Czech mrznout ˈmr̩znɔut C View
48 Sorbian Upper mjerznyć ˈmĕɛʀznɘ̟tʃ C View
47 Sorbian Lower marznuś ˈmarznuɕ C View
97 Slovenian (-)mrzniti (-)ˈmə̌ːrzniti C View
44 Latvian sal̂st J View
46 Lithuanian SALDYTI J View
109 Old Norse frýss intrans. This is not a ... (B) View
109 Old Norse kala ˈkala ‘make feel cold’, AF vera ... (R) View
109 Old Norse frjósa ˈfrjoːsa ‘to ice’ trans.; accusative subject ... B View
36 Icelandic frjósa ˈfrjouːsa B View
23 Faroese frysta ˈfɹɪsta B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal fryse ˈfɾỳːsə B View
159 Stavangersk frysa ˈfʁyːsa B View
157 Old Swedish frysa ˈfryːsa B View
69 Swedish frysa ˈfrỳ:sa B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FRYS B View
70 Swedish Uppland FRYSA B View
145 Elfdalian työlå tyœ̀lɔ Intransitive Q View
145 Elfdalian friuosa B View
20 Danish fryse ˈfʁy:sə B View
158 Danish Fjolde fryys fɹyːs B View
161 Gutnish Lau frausä ˈfrausɛ B View
99 Old English frīest B View
22 English to freeze fri:z B View
26 Frisian FRIEZE B View
21 Dutch vriezen 'vrizə(n) B View
24 Flemish BEVRIEZEN B View
83 Afrikaans VRIES B View
126 Old High German friusit B View
27 German frieren 'fri:rən B View
120 Luxembourgish fréieren B View
121 German Switzerland gfriere B View
107 Gothic *friusiþ B View
112 Latin gelāre geˈlaːre gelō, gelāre, gelāuī, gelātum G View
17 Catalan FLASSAR split from DKB View
17 Catalan gelar ʒə'la split from DKB G View
56 Portuguese gelar ʒɨˈlaɾ G View
68 Spanish helar e'laɾ G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari GELAI G View
62 Sardinian Logudoro GHELARE G View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ASTRAGARE View
85 French Creole Dominica ZELE G View
76 Walloon DJALER G View
25 French geler ʒəle G View
57 Provencal GELA, JALA G View
42 Ladin DSCHLER G View
146 Dolomite Ladino e ingiazà, se giazà G View
123 Romansh schelar G View
122 Friulian glaçâ H View
39 Italian gelare dʒe'lare G View
59 Romanian a îngheța G View
74 Vlach EGLICE H View
127 Old Irish réodaid rʹe:oðəðʹ (B) View
127 Old Irish seccaid sʹekəðʹ S View
101 Middle Cornish rewi rɛwi B View
12 Breton reviñ ˈreːvĩ B View
79 Welsh rhewi B View
38 Irish reoigh (B) View
38 Irish sioc S View
115 Scottish Gaelic reòdh B View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME NGRIRE D View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PSUGOMAI K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PAGONO K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PAGONO K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian SLEDITI SE prob. IE *(s)leidh- 'slip ... View
113 [Legacy] Serbian smrznuti smrznuti C View
113 [Legacy] Serbian zalediti zalěditi Cognate (same as) with /lexeme ... View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P MRUZNA C View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian MRAZI/MRZNE C View
94 [Legacy] Russian P MOROZIT C View
93 [Legacy] Polish P MROZIC C View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P MAROZIC C View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P MOROZYTY C View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ZMRZNUT C View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P MRAZIT SA C View
91 [Legacy] Czech P MRAZITI C View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ZMRZNE C View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SALDYTI J View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian GELAR G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich gefrieren < Pr. Germ. *freusan- ‘to freeze’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C ZELE (CONGEAL) G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St reviñ 'rɛ:vĩ More precisely 'to be freezing ... B View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se REUEIN B View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C RHEWI B View
37 [Legacy] Irish A REODHADH B View