IELex

fly

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Description

1. Birds can fly, beasts and people cannot.
2. Little chicks do not yet know how to fly.
3. There’s a bird in the sky. Where is it flying?

Of birds, denoting neutral movement through the sky (but not ‘to fly off’, ‘to fly away’ etc., frequently denoted by different verbs). Should be kept apart from specific types of flying (‘to soar’, ‘to flit’, etc.). On rare occasions a neutral iterative verb ‘to fly’ (Where is the bird flying?) and a more marked habitual verb ‘to fly’ (Little chicks do not yet know how to fly) can contain different roots that is a symmetric correspondence to the frequent root opposition ‘to go’ ~ ‘to walk’ (see No.33). In such a case both roots can be taken as synonyms. NB: this entry does not refer to the noun ‘fly’ (insect)! (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *gʷel- What root is this? View
114 Proto-Indo-European *peth₂- √*peth₁- "fallen", (LIV) √*peth₂- "(auf ... H View
80 Hittite pittai verb H View
81 Tocharian A plawar (pret. 3pl.) M View
82 Tocharian B pluṣäṃ cf. FLOW M View
88 Albanian fluturoj < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
143 Standard Albanian fluturoj Borrowed from Rom *fluctulare, a ... (B) View
2 Albanian Sicily fluturoj < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
4 Albanian Corinth furtulon < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
3 Albanian Gheg fluturoj < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
6 Albanian Tosk fluturoj < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
110 Ancient Greek πέτομαι pétomai̯ Inf. πέτεσθαι H View
152 Tsakonian πετου H View
32 Greek πετώ pe̞ˈto̞ Alternative form πετάω. H View
31 Greek Lesbos PETO H View
129 Classical Armenian թռչիմ tʰṙčʰim Together with t'er 'side ... H View
8 Armenian Eastern t’ṙč'el tʰərˈʧʰɛl see /lexeme/1776/ H View
7 Armenian Western TURCHIL H View
128 Avestan frauuaite (pataiti Daevic) K View
136 Sogdian frwz Manichean J View
9 Baluchi BAL GIRAGH, BAL GIPTA N View
118 Kurdish firrîn J View
137 Zazaki per̄āyiš J View
137 Zazaki fir̄-dāyiš J View
72 Tajik paridan pæridæn Also 'to jump'. J View
72 Tajik PARVOZ KARDAN J View
54 Persian PARVAZ KARDAN J View
77 Waziri WRATEL 'FLY AWAY' J View
1 Pashto ALVOTEL J View
138 Shughni riwāz J View
139 Sarikoli rawoz : rawыx̆t J View
52 Ossetic taexyn tæχɨn C View
124 Ossetic Iron tɐχ- tɐχ- C View
125 Ossetic Digor tɐχ- tɐχ- C View
141 Kata-viri undr- D View
154 Vasi-vari ušti O View
153 Askunu õst O View
105 Vedic Sanskrit pátati H View
162 Pāḷī uḍḍeti D View
41 Khaskura URNU D View
51 Nepali URNU D View
106 Assamese uru uru D View
102 Oriya uṛ- uɽ- AF uḍiba D View
10 Bengali ORA D View
111 Bihari urəb urəb D View
144 Magahi उडना ʊɽənɑ D View
104 Marwari uḍaṇō D View
35 Hindi urna ʊɽ.na: D View
119 Urdu اُڑنا ʔʊɽnə D View
103 Sindhi uḍ̄āmaṇu D View
43 Lahnda UDDEN D View
53 Punjabi UDDENA D View
33 Gujarati URWU D View
50 Marathi udne uɖ'ɳe D View
40 Kashmiri WUPHUN, WUDUN D View
65 Sinhalese PIHA/BINAWA P View
34 Romani Greece UCAV Q View
100 Old Church Slavonic лєтѣти lɛtæti G View
95 Serbo-Croatian letjeti ˈlɛ̌tjɛti Ekavian variant: 'leteti' [ˈlɛ̌tɛti]. G View
15 Bulgarian летя lɘˈtʲɤ G View
92 Macedonian лета ˈleta G View
60 Russian лететь lʲɛ'tʲɛtʲ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'летать'. G View
55 Polish lecieć ˈletɕɛtɕ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'latać' G View
16 Belarusian ляцець lʲaˈtsʲɛtsʲ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'лятаць'. G View
73 Ukrainian летіти ɫɛˈtʲitɪ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'літати' G View
66 Slovak letieť ˈlɛciɛc Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'lietať'. G View
18 Czech letět ˈlɛcɛt Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'létat'. G View
48 Sorbian Upper lećeć ˈletʃɛtʃ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'lětać'. G View
47 Sorbian Lower leśeś ˈleɕeɕ Unidirectional verb; multidirectional: 'lětaś'. G View
97 Slovenian leteti leˈtěːti G View
108 Old Prussian skreītwei L View
44 Latvian LIDOT View
44 Latvian laîžas View
44 Latvian skrìen L View
46 Lithuanian skristi ˈsʲkʲɾʲɪsʲtʲɪ L View
46 Lithuanian LEKTI G View
109 Old Norse fljúga ˈfljuːɣa AF flýgr A View
36 Icelandic fljúga ˈfljuːa A View
23 Faroese flúgva ˈflɪɡ̊va A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal fly fɽyː, fly: A View
159 Stavangersk flyɡa ˈflỳːɡa A View
157 Old Swedish flygha ˈflyːɣa A View
69 Swedish flyga ˈflỳ:ga A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FLYG A View
70 Swedish Uppland FLYGA A View
145 Elfdalian fliuoga ˈfljʉ̀əgɑ A View
20 Danish flyve ˈfly:və A View
158 Danish Fjolde flyv flyw A View
160 Old Gutnish fliauga Infinite not attested A View
161 Gutnish Lau flaugä ˈflauɡɛ A View
99 Old English flīegþ A View
22 English to fly flaɪ A View
26 Frisian WJUKJE View
21 Dutch vliegen 'vliɣə(n) A View
24 Flemish VLIEGEN A View
83 Afrikaans VLIE, VLIEG A View
87 Sranan FLEI A View
126 Old High German fliugit A View
27 German fliegen 'fli:gn̩ A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch FLIEK A View
120 Luxembourgish fléien A View
121 German Switzerland flüge A View
107 Gothic *flaugjan ‘flow, run’ A View
112 Latin uolāre woˈlaːre uolō, uolāre, uolāvī, uolātum E View
17 Catalan volar E View
56 Portuguese voar vuˈaɾ E View
68 Spanish volar bo'laɾ E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari BOLAI E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro BOLARE E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro VOLARE E View
85 French Creole Dominica VOLE E View
76 Walloon VOLER E View
25 French voler vɔle Removed (OISEAU) as it is ... E View
57 Provencal VOULA, RAUBA E View
42 Ladin SVOLER E View
146 Dolomite Ladino jgolèr Online dictionary gives sgolà, svolà ... E View
123 Romansh sgular, svolar E View
122 Friulian svolâr < *exvolāre. E View
39 Italian volare vo'lare E View
59 Romanian a zbura E View
74 Vlach PITEKSESKU View
127 Old Irish etillid, etellaigid etʹəlʹlʹəðʹ, etʹələɣʹəðʹ (H), (I) View
127 Old Irish fo·luathar foˈlu:əθər IE root: *pleu- 'to trickle ... M View
101 Middle Cornish neyja 'nɛɪʤa F View
172 Middle Breton nigal, nigàl ˈniːʒal F View
12 Breton nijal ˈniːʒal F View
150 Old Welsh ehedec H View
79 Welsh ehedeg H View
38 Irish eitil H, I View
115 Scottish Gaelic tha air iteig H, I View
147 Manx etlagh H, I View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T fluturoj < Rom *fluctulare, a modification of ... (B) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HIPTAMAI H View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PETAO H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PETO H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian LETETI G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian leteti lěteti AF letjeti G View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P LET A G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian LETNE, ZAREE G View
94 [Legacy] Russian P LETET G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P lecieć ˈletɕɛtɕ Perfective form. G View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P L OTAC G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P LETITY G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E LETAT G View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P LETET G View
91 [Legacy] Czech P LETETI G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian LETETI G View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SKRISTI L View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian VOAR E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich fliegen < Pr. Germ. *fleugan- ‘to fly’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C VOLE E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St n(e)ijal 'ni:ʒal F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se NEIJAL F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C HEDFAN H View
37 [Legacy] Irish A EITILT H, I View