IELex

fire

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Description

1. I see a fire in the distance.
2. He put the fire out with water.
3. Fire can burn you.

Should be kept separate from ‘flame’ (= ‘tongues of fire’, stylistically marked), ‘bonfire’, ‘sacred fire’, etc. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₁-t(e)r- Nom. Ag. to √*h₂eh₁- "heiss ... J View
114 Proto-Indo-European *péh₂-ur, *p(e)h₂-u̯én- Heteroclitic r/n-stem. B View
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁ngʷ-ni- E View
80 Hittite pahhur B View
133 Luvian pāhūr B View
81 Tocharian A por B View
82 Tocharian B puwar B View
88 Albanian zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
143 Standard Albanian zjarr < IE *guheres-, cf Skt haras- ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
4 Albanian Corinth zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
3 Albanian Gheg zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
6 Albanian Tosk zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
173 Mycenaean Greek pu-º *pȗːr Attested in occupational term pu-ka-wo ... B View
110 Ancient Greek πῦρ py̑ːr G.sg. πῠρός B View
152 Tsakonian καρα Cf Gk εσχαρα 'hearth, fireplace'. View
32 Greek φωτιά fo̞ˈtça U View
31 Greek Lesbos FOTIA I View
129 Classical Armenian կրակ krak View
129 Classical Armenian հուր howr B View
8 Armenian Eastern krak kəˈɾɑk split from DKB, IE *geu- ... View
8 Armenian Eastern hur huɾ split from DKB B View
7 Armenian Western GURAG View
128 Avestan āt(ə)r- J View
131 Old Persian *āçi- J View
136 Sogdian ’’tr Manichean J View
75 Wakhi RUXUNIGH M View
9 Baluchi AS J View
118 Kurdish agir J View
137 Zazaki ādir J View
72 Tajik OTAS, ALOV J View
54 Persian ATASH J View
77 Waziri YOR J View
1 Pashto OR J View
138 Shughni alōw J View
138 Shughni yōc J View
139 Sarikoli yuc J View
52 Ossetic art art split from DKB J View
52 Ossetic CAEXAER split from DKB D View
52 Ossetic ZYNG split from DKB A View
124 Ossetic Iron art art J View
125 Ossetic Digor art art J View
141 Kata-viri aŋõ E View
154 Vasi-vari anege E View
153 Askunu aṅā E View
105 Vedic Sanskrit agnís E View
162 Pāḷī aggi E View
41 Khaskura AGO E View
51 Nepali AGO E View
106 Assamese zui AF Mayang: ji N View
102 Oriya nĩã nĩã O View
10 Bengali AGUN E View
111 Bihari aig aig E View
144 Magahi आग ɑɡ E View
104 Marwari lay lay P View
104 Marwari bāsadēw AF? bāste Q View
35 Hindi AG E View
119 Urdu آگ ʔɑɡ E View
103 Sindhi maṅaru R View
103 Sindhi b̄āhe L View
103 Sindhi āgē E View
43 Lahnda BHA L View
53 Punjabi EGG E View
33 Gujarati AG E View
50 Marathi āg ag E View
40 Kashmiri NAR S View
65 Sinhalese GINDARA T View
34 Romani Greece YAK E View
100 Old Church Slavonic огн҄ь ɔgɲɪ̆ E View
95 Serbo-Croatian vatra ˈvâtra An alternative lexeme is 'oganj ... (V) View
15 Bulgarian огън ˈɔɡən E View
92 Macedonian оган ˈoɡan E View
60 Russian огонь ɔ'gɔnʲ E View
55 Polish ogień ˈɔɡʲɛɲ E View
16 Belarusian агонь aˈɣɔnʲ E View
73 Ukrainian вогонь ʋɔˈɦɔnʲ E View
66 Slovak oheň ˈɔɦɛɲ E View
18 Czech oheň ˈɔɦɛɲ E View
48 Sorbian Upper woheń ˈwɔjen E View
47 Sorbian Lower wogeń ˈhɔɡeɲ E View
97 Slovenian ogenj ˈɔ̌ːɡɛɲ E View
108 Old Prussian panno B View
44 Latvian uguns E View
46 Lithuanian ugnis ˈʊɡʲnʲɪs E View
109 Old Norse eldr eldr H View
36 Icelandic eldur ˈɛld̥ʏr H View
23 Faroese eldur ˈɛld̥ʊɹ H View
58 Norwegian Riksmal varme ˈʋàɾmə C View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ild ɪlː < Danish. H View
159 Stavangersk ill, ell ɪlː, ɛlː H View
157 Old Swedish elder ˈelder H View
69 Swedish eld ɛld Removed EN. H View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina AL H View
70 Swedish Uppland ELD H View
145 Elfdalian jäld jæld H View
20 Danish ild ilˀ H View
158 Danish Fjolde ield ielʲ H View
160 Old Gutnish eldr Only dat. eldi attested H View
161 Gutnish Lau äld ɛld H View
99 Old English fȳr B View
22 English fire faɪə B View
26 Frisian brân brɔ:n slpit from DKB K View
26 Frisian fjoer fjuər split from DKB. Changed from ... B View
21 Dutch vuur vyr B View
24 Flemish BRAND split from DKB K View
24 Flemish VUER split from DKB B View
83 Afrikaans VUUR B View
87 Sranan FAJA B View
126 Old High German fiur B View
27 German Feuer 'fɔyɐ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch FEIER B View
120 Luxembourgish Feier B View
121 German Switzerland füür B View
107 Gothic fōn B View
132 Umbrian pir, pur- B View
112 Latin ignis ˈignis gen. ignis E View
17 Catalan foc fɔk Removed final -H. F View
56 Portuguese LUME split from DKB, prob. < Lat ... View
56 Portuguese fogo 'fogu split from DKB F View
68 Spanish fuego 'fweɣo F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari FOGU F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro FOGU F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro OKU F View
85 French Creole Dominica DIFE F View
76 Walloon FEU F View
25 French feu F View
57 Provencal fuèlha ˈfɥɛʎo F View
57 Provencal FIO F View
42 Ladin FO F View
146 Dolomite Ladino fech Online dictionary gives fuoch (same ... F View
123 Romansh fiug F View
122 Friulian fûc F View
39 Italian fuoco 'fwɔko F View
59 Romanian foc fok F View
74 Vlach FOKU F View
140 Gaulish ten- Reconstructed form. G View
140 Gaulish aidu- Reconstructed form, based on attested ... View
127 Old Irish daig daɣʹ Also 'flame'. < IE *dhegwh-i-, root ... View
127 Old Irish teine tʹenʹe < IE *tep-n-et- or *tep-n-os; root ... G View
101 Middle Cornish tan ta:n G View
172 Middle Breton tan ˈtaːn, ˈtɑ̃ːn G View
12 Breton tan ˈtãːn G View
79 Welsh tân G View
38 Irish tine ˈtʲinʲə Removed -E-. G View
115 Scottish Gaelic teine G View
147 Manx çhenney G View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T zjarr < IE *gheres, cf. Skt haras ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K PUR B View
28 [Legacy] Greek D FOTIA I View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md FOTIA I View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VATRA J View
113 [Legacy] Serbian vatra judged most neutral J View
113 [Legacy] Serbian oganj E View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P OGUN E View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian OGAN/OGNI E View
94 [Legacy] Russian P OGON E View
93 [Legacy] Polish P OGIEN E View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P AHON E View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VOHON E View
19 [Legacy] Czech E OHENY E View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P OHEN E View
91 [Legacy] Czech P OHEN E View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian OGEN E View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O UGNIS E View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian FOGO F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Feuer < Pr. Germ. *fōr, *fun- ‘fire’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C DIFE F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St tan tɑ̃ːn G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se TAN G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C TAN G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TEINE G View