IELex

fight

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Description

1. While fighting, he hit him in the nose.
2. Two men from the village were fighting (with) each other yesterday.

Necessarily involves physical confrontation (not, e.g. Einstein fought Heisenberg). Not to be confused with the noun 'fight' either.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite hullezzi 'smash, defeat', prob. = Lat. UALĒO ... View
134 Lycian zxxati View
82 Tocharian B witāre < IE *duet-, thus related to 'two' /cognate/153/ View
88 Albanian LUFTOJ < Lat luctari (loan). (W) View
143 Standard Albanian luftoj < Lat luctari 'id.'. (W) View
2 Albanian Sicily ZEXEM R View
4 Albanian Corinth LEKSEM View
3 Albanian Gheg LUFTOJ < Lat luctari (loan). (W) View
6 Albanian Tosk ZIEM AOR. UZURA, split from DKB R View
6 Albanian Tosk LEFTON AOR. LEFTOVA, split from DKB ... (W) View
110 Ancient Greek μάχομαι mákʰomai̯ Inf. μάχεσθαι. (with, +dat.); etym ... Ak View
32 Greek παλεύω paˈle̞vo̞ K View
31 Greek Lesbos POLEMO K View
129 Classical Armenian մարտնչիմ martnč‘im View
129 Classical Armenian պատերազմիմ paterazmim View
8 Armenian Eastern martnč‘el View
8 Armenian Eastern gr'iv split from DKB View
8 Armenian Eastern PAYK`AR split from DKB View
8 Armenian Eastern kṙvel kərˈvɛl L View
7 Armenian Western GURVIL L View
128 Avestan pərətaite T View
128 Avestan yūiδiieiti S View
131 Old Persian -ǰantiy Ab View
136 Sogdian ’’x’s Manichean Aa View
75 Wakhi JUNG TSER- (Aj) View
9 Baluchi MIRAGH, MIRATHA Ac View
72 Tajik CANG KARDAN, MUBORIZA KARDAN KARDAN = 'do, make'? Aj View
54 Persian JANGIDAN (DA'VA KARDAN) Aj View
77 Waziri JANG, JAGGARRA BALWA FIGHTING (Aj) View
1 Pashto DZANGEDEL (Aj) View
138 Shughni qastīn anjīvdōw Ad View
139 Sarikoli x̆uǰ čɛygɛw Ae View
52 Ossetic tox kaenyn toχ kænɨn Removed XYL KAENYN. E View
124 Ossetic Iron toχ kɐn- toχ kɐn- E View
125 Ossetic Digor toχ kɐn- toχ kɐn- E View
105 Vedic Sanskrit yúdhyati S View
162 Pāḷī yodheti S View
41 Khaskura LARNU D View
51 Nepali JUJHNU split from DKB S View
51 Nepali LARNU split from DKB D View
106 Assamese zuz zuz S View
102 Oriya lɔṛh- lɔɽh- lɔḍhiba (inf.) D View
102 Oriya ǰuddhɔ kɔriba ǰuddhɔ kɔriba ‘make war’ ? S View
10 Bengali LORA D View
111 Bihari lərəb lərəb ‘of animals’ D View
144 Magahi लडना ləɽnɑ D View
104 Marwari leɽ-ai leɽ-ai ‘fighting’ D View
35 Hindi LERNA D View
119 Urdu لڑنا ləɽnə D View
103 Sindhi hathu prob. < 'grab, take (over)' < 'hand', see /cognate/706/, comp. also ... Ag View
43 Lahnda LEREN D View
53 Punjabi LERNA D View
33 Gujarati LEREWU D View
50 Marathi ladhne ləɖʰ'ɳe D View
40 Kashmiri LADUN D View
65 Sinhalese SANDU split from DKB Ah View
65 Sinhalese KARANWA split from DKB, see 'push ... Ai View
34 Romani Greece čaládol C View
100 Old Church Slavonic брати cѧ brɑti sɛ̃ An alternative lexeme could be ... H View
95 Serbo-Croatian boriti se ˈbɔ̌riti sɛ H View
15 Bulgarian бо̀ря се ˈbɔrʲə sɛ Alternative lexemes are 'бия се ... H View
92 Macedonian бори се ˈbori sɛ H View
60 Russian драться 'dratʲsʲa (Al) View
60 Russian бороться bɔˈrɔtʲsʲa H View
55 Polish walczyć ˈvaltʂɘ̟tɕ Am View
55 Polish bić się ˈbitɕ ɕɛ(ɰ̃) (G) View
16 Belarusian біцца ˈbitstsa (G) View
16 Belarusian змагацца zmaˈɣatsta An View
73 Ukrainian боротися bɔˈrɔtɪsʲa H View
66 Slovak bojovať ˈbɔjɔvac 'zápasiť', 'válčiť' are bookish/obsolete. G View
66 Slovak biť sa bic sa (G) View
18 Czech bojovat ˈbɔjɔvat 'válčit' is more like 'to ... G View
18 Czech zápasit ˈzapasit Ap View
18 Czech bít se biːt sɛ (G) View
48 Sorbian Upper bić so ˈbitʃ sɔ (G) View
48 Sorbian Upper wojować ˈwɔjo.atʃ Ao View
47 Sorbian Lower biś se ˈbiɕ sɛ (G) View
47 Sorbian Lower wójowaś ˈwɘ̟jowaɕ Ao View
97 Slovenian bojevati se bɔjɛˈvǎːti sɛ An alternative lexeme is 'boriti ... G View
108 Old Prussian ūlint = Pol. WALCZYĆ, ON VALR 'corpses ... View
44 Latvian cìnâs V View
44 Latvian kaûjas split from DKB M View
44 Latvian SISTIES split from DKB, may be ... View
46 Lithuanian KOVOTI M View
109 Old Norse stríða ˈstriːða (N) View
109 Old Norse slásk slaːsk Q View
109 Old Norse vega ˈveɣa (P) View
109 Old Norse berjask ˈberjask AF bersk (H) View
36 Icelandic vega ˈvɛːɣa (P) View
36 Icelandic stríða ˈstriːða (N) View
36 Icelandic berjast ˈb̥ɛrjast H View
36 Icelandic slást ˈstlaust Q View
23 Faroese sláast ˈslo̜ːast Q View
23 Faroese striða(st) ˈstɹiːja(st) (N) View
23 Faroese berjast ˈb̥ɛɹjast H View
58 Norwegian Riksmal kjempe ˈçɛ̀mpə (I) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal stri(de) ˈstɾiː(də) (N) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal slåss ʃlɔsː Q View
159 Stavangersk slåst slɔst Q View
159 Stavangersk fekta ˈfɛ̀kta (B) View
157 Old Swedish stridha ˈstriːða (N) View
157 Old Swedish kampa ˈkampa (I) View
157 Old Swedish slas slaːs Q View
157 Old Swedish fäkta ˈfækta (B) View
69 Swedish slåss slɔsː Q View
69 Swedish kämpa ˈɕɛ̀mpa (I) View
69 Swedish strida ˈstrì:da (N) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SLAS SLOS Q View
70 Swedish Uppland SLASS Q View
70 Swedish Uppland FAKTA B View
145 Elfdalian raivas ˈrɑ̀ɪvɑs Af View
145 Elfdalian slå'ss ˈslɔːsː Q View
20 Danish stride ˈsd̥ʁiːðə (N) View
20 Danish kæmpe ˈg̥ʰɛmb̥ə (I) View
20 Danish slås slʌs Q View
158 Danish Fjolde strii sdɹiː (N) View
158 Danish Fjolde sloases ˈsloasəs Q View
160 Old Gutnish berias H View
161 Gutnish Lau slas slɑːs Q View
161 Gutnish Lau sträidä ˈstrɛɪdɛ (N) View
161 Gutnish Lau kämp' kɛmp (I) View
99 Old English wīgþ P View
99 Old English fieht B View
22 English to fight faɪt B View
26 Frisian deilje 'dailjə, 'dɛiljə comp. Fris. DOLCH 'wound' < OFris ... View
21 Dutch vechten 'vɛχtə(n) B View
24 Flemish VECHTEN B View
83 Afrikaans VEG B View
87 Sranan FETI B View
126 Old High German fihtit B View
27 German kämpfen 'kɛmp͜fn̩ I View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch FECHT B View
120 Luxembourgish streiden N View
121 German Switzerland kämpfe I View
107 Gothic weihiþ P View
107 Gothic *badu ‘fight’ noun, related to IE ... View
112 Latin pugnāre pugˈnaːre pugnō, pugnāre, pugnāuī, pugnātum Y View
17 Catalan LLUYTAR split from DKB W View
17 Catalan combatre kum'batrə split from DKB. Removed final ... X View
17 Catalan bregar brə'ɣa split from DKB. 'To fight ... View
17 Catalan batallar bətə'ʎa split from DKB. Also 'to ... X View
56 Portuguese lutar luˈtaɾ W View
56 Portuguese COMBATER split from DKB X View
56 Portuguese PELEJAR split from DKB, maybe fr ... View
68 Spanish BATALLAR (X) View
68 Spanish COMBATIR (X) View
68 Spanish pelear pele'aɾ Cognate with Port. /lexeme/12796/? U View
61 Sardinian Cagliari CERTAI the same as /lexeme/14383/? View
62 Sardinian Logudoro CUMBATTERE X View
63 Sardinian Nuoro GERRARE prob. < It. GUERRA 'war' < F GUERRE < Germ./Franc. loan (= OHG werra, NE WAR) (Buck 1949: 1374f), the same as /lexeme/13984/? View
85 French Creole Dominica GUME J View
76 Walloon SI PINGHI split from DKB Y View
76 Walloon SI BATE, SI K'BATE split from DKB X View
25 French se battre sə batʀ X View
57 Provencal SE BATRE, CO X View
42 Ladin CUMBATTER X View
146 Dolomite Ladino combate X View
123 Romansh lutgar W View
122 Friulian lotâ W View
39 Italian combattere kom'battere X View
59 Romanian A (SE) BATE split from DKB X View
59 Romanian a lupta split from DKB. Removed medial ... W View
127 Old Irish fichid ɸʹixʹəðʹ B View
101 Middle Cornish omladh 'ɔmlað to fight' O View
172 Middle Breton cannaff, canaff ˈkanːaṽ F View
12 Breton kannañ ˈkãnːã F View
79 Welsh ymladd O View
38 Irish troid split from DKB Z View
38 Irish cathaigh split from DKB, < CATH 'battle' View
38 Irish IOMBUAILIM split from DKB View
115 Scottish Gaelic sabaid View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME LEFTUAR < Lat luctari (loan). (W) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K POLEMO K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D POLEMAO K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PALEUO, POLEMO K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian BORITI SE H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian bojevati H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian tući tûːtɕi When reflexive. When transitive = to ... View
113 [Legacy] Serbian boriti (se) judged most neutral H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P BOR A SE H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian STEPA View
94 [Legacy] Russian P BOROT S A H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P WOJOWAC A View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VAJAVAC A View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P BOROTYS A H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E BITSA G View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P BORIT SA H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P BOJOVATI G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian TJEPES View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O MUSTIS < 'strike' (Buck 1949: 1371) View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian COMBATER X View
142 [Legacy] German Munich kämpfen Related to Old Frisian komp ... I View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C GUME J View
14 [Legacy] Breton St EN EM GANNAN F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se EMGANNEIN F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C YMLADD O View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TROID Z View