IELex

fear

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wordlist: ‘all’

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Description

1. During the storm we were afraid of the thunder.
2. The child is afraid of the big dog.

Changed from 'to fear'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite nāhi 'to be(come) afraid, respectful ... View
133 Luvian kuwaya- View
81 Tocharian A prāskatär N View
82 Tocharian B pärsk- From PIE *pṛK-sḱe ... I View
88 Albanian DRUJ, DRUHEM C View
143 Standard Albanian kam frikë View
2 Albanian Sicily TREMBEM D View
4 Albanian Corinth TREMBEM D View
3 Albanian Gheg DRUJ, DRUHEM C View
6 Albanian Tosk TREMBEM AOR. UTREMBA D View
110 Ancient Greek δείδω déːdɔː Inf. δείδειν. Can take an ... T View
110 Ancient Greek φοβέομαι pʰobéomai̯ Inf. φοβεῖσθαι. K View
32 Greek φοβάμαι fo̞ˈvame̞ Alternative form φοβούμαι K View
31 Greek Lesbos FOBAMAI K View
129 Classical Armenian երկնչիմ erknč‘im Cf. /lexeme/18719 ... T View
8 Armenian Eastern vaxenal View
7 Armenian Western VAKHNAL View
128 Avestan biβāiia E View
131 Old Persian tarsatiy D View
136 Sogdian pc’ykwyr Sogdian, Manichean R View
75 Wakhi WESI- D View
9 Baluchi THURSAGH D View
72 Tajik TARSIDAN D View
72 Tajik VAXMIDAN vāǵ- for Yazghulami (Cheung) E View
54 Persian TARSIDAN D View
77 Waziri DAREDEL, WYEREDEL A View
1 Pashto BEREDEL A View
138 Shughni aks čīdōw S View
52 Ossetic taersyn tærsɨn D View
124 Ossetic Iron tɐrš- tɐrš- D View
125 Ossetic Digor tɐrs- tɐrs- D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit bibhá̄ya E View
162 Pāḷī dara noun 'fear' M View
41 Khaskura DARNU M View
51 Nepali DARNU M View
106 Assamese bhay nn. (?) E View
106 Assamese dɒra dɒra M View
102 Oriya ḍɔr- ɖɔr- AF ḍɔriba (inf.) M View
102 Oriya bhɔyɔ kɔriba bhɔyɔ kɔriba E View
10 Bengali BHOE AF?: PAOA E View
111 Bihari ɖərəb ɖərəb to fear' M View
144 Magahi डरना dərnɑ View
104 Marwari bhəi bhəi ‘fear' noun E View
104 Marwari ɖər ɖər fear' noun M View
35 Hindi DERNA M View
119 Urdu ڈرنا ɖəɾnə M View
103 Sindhi bhavu fear, dread, danger' noun E View
103 Sindhi ḍrij̄-aṇu ‘to be afraid’ M View
103 Sindhi dapu fear, terror, dread, dismay' View
43 Lahnda DEREN M View
53 Punjabi DERNA M View
33 Gujarati DERWU M View
33 Gujarati BIHWU E View
50 Marathi bhay bʱaj E View
50 Marathi bhitī bʱi'ti: E View
40 Kashmiri DARUN M View
40 Kashmiri KHOTSUN View
40 Kashmiri TARSUN D View
65 Sinhalese BAYA E View
34 Romani Greece TRASAV D View
100 Old Church Slavonic бояти сѧ bɔjati sɛ̃ E View
95 Serbo-Croatian bojati se ˈbɔ̌jati sɛ 'Bojati se' and 'plašiti se ... E View
95 Serbo-Croatian plašiti se ˈplâʃiti sɛ 'Bojati se' and 'plašiti se ... V View
15 Bulgarian плаша се ˈpɫaʃə sɛ V View
15 Bulgarian страхувам се strəˈxuvəm sɛ H View
15 Bulgarian боя се buˈjɤ sɛ E View
92 Macedonian плаши се ˈplaʃi sɛ An alternative lexeme is 'стравува ... V View
60 Russian бояться bɔ'jatʲsʲa E View
55 Polish bać się ˈbatɕ ɕɛ(ɰ̃) E View
16 Belarusian баяцца baˈjatstsa E View
73 Ukrainian боятися bɔˈjatɪsʲa E View
66 Slovak báť sa baːc sa E View
18 Czech bát se baːt sɛ E View
48 Sorbian Upper bojeć so ˈbɔjɛtʃ sɔ E View
47 Sorbian Lower bójaś se ˈbɛjaɕ sɛ E View
97 Slovenian bati se ˈbǎːti sɛ E View
108 Old Prussian bia verb E View
108 Old Prussian bijatwei ‘to fear, be afraid’ E View
44 Latvian baĩdâs E View
44 Latvian bîstas View
46 Lithuanian BIJOTI E View
109 Old Norse óttask ˈoːtːask Choice of this or hræðask ... Q View
109 Old Norse hræðask ˈɣrɛðask AF vera hræddr, hræðisk J View
36 Icelandic óttast ˈouʰtːast Q View
36 Icelandic VERA HRAEDDR split from DKB J View
36 Icelandic hræðast ˈr̥aiːðast split from DKB J View
23 Faroese óttast ˈœʰtːast Q View
23 Faroese vera ræddur ˈveːɹa ˈɹadːʊɹ split from DKB J View
23 Faroese ræðast ˈɹe̜ːast split from DKB J View
58 Norwegian Riksmal frykte ˈfɾʏ̀ktə (I) View
157 Old Swedish rädhas ˈræːðas J View
157 Old Swedish frukta ˈfrukta (I) View
69 Swedish farhåga 'fɑ:rho:ga Noun. (I) View
69 Swedish rädas ˈrɛ̀ːdas J View
69 Swedish frukta ˈfrɵ̀kta (I) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina FRUKT I View
70 Swedish Uppland VARA RADD FOR J View
145 Elfdalian räðas ˈræ̀ːðɑs "wårå redd" 'be afraid' is ... J View
145 Elfdalian frukta (I) View
20 Danish ræddes ˈʁɑðəs J View
20 Danish frygte ˈfʁœ̝g̥d̥ʰə I View
161 Gutnish Lau byckäs ˈbʏkːɛs U View
161 Gutnish Lau fruktä ˈfruktɛ (I) View
99 Old English fyrht I View
99 Old English forhtaþ I View
22 English to fear fɪə B View
26 Frisian eangje 'ɪ.ənjə Q View
21 Dutch vrezen 'vrezə(n) B View
24 Flemish VREZEN B View
83 Afrikaans VREES split from DKB B View
83 Afrikaans BANG WEES split from DKB, = NHG BANGE ... Q View
87 Sranan FREDE B View
126 Old High German forhtit I View
27 German fürchten 'fʏrçtn̩ I View
120 Luxembourgish fäerten I View
121 German Switzerland angscht ha cf. NHG Angst haben 'to ... View
107 Gothic faúrhteiþ I View
107 Gothic ōg(jan) Q View
112 Latin timēre tiˈmeːre timeō, timēre, timuī F View
17 Catalan TEMOREJAR F View
17 Catalan témer ˈtemə, ˈtemeɾ Standard, Valencian. F View
56 Portuguese temer tɨˈmeɾ F View
68 Spanish temer te'meɾ F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari TIMMI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro TIMERE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro TIMERE F View
85 French Creole Dominica PE O View
76 Walloon AVEUR SOGNE comp. OF RESOIGNER 'to fear ... View
25 French craindre kʀɛ̃dʀ D, J View
57 Provencal TEME split from DKB F View
57 Provencal CREGNE split from DKB D, J View
42 Ladin TMAIR F View
146 Dolomite Ladino teme F View
123 Romansh temair F View
122 Friulian temê, temi F View
39 Italian temere te'mere F View
59 Romanian a se teme Removed final DE. F View
74 Vlach MESPARU < VLat. *EXPAVIMEN = PAVOR 'shaking' < PAVERE ... View
127 Old Irish ad·ágathar að·a:ɣəθər Q View
127 Old Irish ecla (nn.) egla P View
101 Middle Cornish own (nn.) ɔʊn to fear', AF owna, ouna L View
172 Middle Breton caffout oun, aoun ˌkaːvut ˈuːn, ˈaun Light-verb construction: caffout aoun 'to ... L View
12 Breton kaout (endevout) aon ˈkɔwd ˈãwn Light-verb construction: 'to have fear'. L View
12 Breton doujañ ˈduːʒã EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term. (G) View
79 Welsh ofni L View
38 Irish eagla (nn.) Used in the construction bí ... P View
115 Scottish Gaelic gabh eagal P View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ME PASUR FRIKE comp. Rum. FRICĂ < Grk. FRIKEE ... View
29 [Legacy] Greek K FOBOUMAI K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D FOBAMAI K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md FOBAMAI K View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian BOJATI SE E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian bojati (se) E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian plašiti plâʃiti When reflexive 'to be afraid'. View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P BOJA SE E View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian BOI SE E View
94 [Legacy] Russian P BOJAT S A E View
93 [Legacy] Polish P BAC SIE E View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P BAJACCA E View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P BOJATYS A E View
19 [Legacy] Czech E BATSA E View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P BAT SA E View
91 [Legacy] Czech P BATI SE E View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian STRAH H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O BIJOTI E View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian TEMER F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Angst haben < Pr. Germ. *angustu- ‘fear’ (subst.). cf. Swiss German /lexeme/29049/ (same construction). View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C PE split from DKB O View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C KHWEN split from DKB View
14 [Legacy] Breton St KAOUT AON RAK split from DKB L View
14 [Legacy] Breton St doujañ 'du:ʒã split from DKB. 'To respect ... G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DOUJEIN split from DKB G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se EN DEVOUT EUN RAK split from DKB View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C OFNI L View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TA EAGLA AIR lit. 'THERE IS FEAR ON ... P View