IELex

eat

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Description

1. I need to eat and drink to stay alive.
2. He is eating [insert primary food product(s) of given culture].
3. When he lived there, he ate and drank plenty.

In some languages different verbs can be used for different food products (“eat meat”, “eat cereals”, “eat fruits / nuts”, etc.) or food types (“eat hard food”, “eat soft food”, “eat liquid food”, etc.). In such cases, one should probably choose the verb that agrees with the most basic food product for the civilization in question (= statistically frequent). Separate from marked verbs like ‘to eat up’ etc. and various nursery or polite words. Marsupials and crocodiles are animals that lay eggs! (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- "(beissen) -> essen" (LIV), cf. *h1d-ónt- ... B View
80 Hittite ēz’zi B View
133 Luvian azti B View
135 Palaic ad- B View
81 Tocharian A śuwāṣ J View
82 Tocharian B śuwaṃ J View
88 Albanian ha hangra = AOR. hanger = INF. Reflects ... B View
143 Standard Albanian ha B View
2 Albanian Sicily ha Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from ... B View
4 Albanian Corinth ha Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from ... B View
3 Albanian Gheg ha hanger = INF. Reflects PAlb *eda ... B View
6 Albanian Tosk ha Aor. hengera. Reflects PAlb *eda ... B View
110 Ancient Greek ἐσθίω estʰíɔː Inf. ἐσθίειν. B View
152 Tsakonian τσου H View
32 Greek τρώ(γ)ω ˈtro̞(ɣ)o̞ Alternative form τρώγω. H View
31 Greek Lesbos TROGO H View
129 Classical Armenian ուտեմ ut-ɛ-m Irregular aorist: կերայ ker-a-y 'I ... B View
8 Armenian Eastern ուտել uˈtɛl (aor. stem ker-) B View
7 Armenian Western ուտել udɛl B View
128 Avestan xvaraiti A View
75 Wakhi YAU- M View
9 Baluchi WARAGH, WARTHA A View
118 Kurdish xwarin A View
137 Zazaki werdiš A View
72 Tajik xurdan xɵrdæn A View
54 Persian KHORDAN A View
77 Waziri KHWAREL A View
1 Pashto XVAREL A View
138 Shughni xār A View
139 Sarikoli xor : xыg A View
52 Ossetic xaeryn χærɨn A View
124 Ossetic Iron χor- χor- A View
125 Ossetic Digor χwɐr- χwɐr- A View
141 Kata-viri yu M View
154 Vasi-vari oyu- M View
105 Vedic Sanskrit átti B View
162 Pāḷī adeti B View
41 Khaskura KHANU C View
51 Nepali KHANU C View
106 Assamese khā- khowā (nn. ‘eating’) C View
102 Oriya kha- kha- C View
10 Bengali KHAOA C View
111 Bihari khaeəb khaeəb C View
144 Magahi खाना kʰanɑ C View
151 Bhojpuri khá C View
104 Marwari jīm N View
104 Marwari kha-e kha-e ‘eating C View
35 Hindi khānā kʰana C View
119 Urdu کھانا kʰɑnə C View
103 Sindhi khāinu khāinu C View
43 Lahnda KHAWEN C View
53 Punjabi KHANA C View
33 Gujarati jəmvũ dʒəmvũ cf. Marwari - possible cognate? N View
33 Gujarati KHAWU C View
50 Marathi khāne 'kʰaɳe C View
40 Kashmiri KHYONU cf. 'drink' /lexeme/9074/ C View
65 Sinhalese KANAWA C View
34 Romani Greece XAV C View
100 Old Church Slavonic ясти jasti B View
95 Serbo-Croatian jesti ˈjɛ̂sti B View
15 Bulgarian ям jam B View
92 Macedonian јаде ˈjadɛ B View
60 Russian есть jɛsʲtʲ B View
55 Polish jeść jɛɕtɕ B View
16 Belarusian есці ˈjɛsʲtsʲi B View
73 Ukrainian їсти ˈjistɪ B View
66 Slovak jesť jɛsc B View
18 Czech jíst jiːst B View
48 Sorbian Upper jěsć jɪstʃ B View
47 Sorbian Lower jěsć jɪstɕ B View
97 Slovenian jesti ˈjěːsti B View
108 Old Prussian īst inf. B View
108 Old Prussian wolgeit iptv. = imperfective? K View
44 Latvian ę̂d B View
46 Lithuanian valgyti ˈʋa:lʲɡʲi:tʲɪ K View
109 Old Norse eta ˈeta AF etr B View
36 Icelandic eta ɛːtʰa B View
36 Icelandic borða ˈpɔrða Check cognate coding! (B), O View
23 Faroese eta ˈeːta B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ete ˈèːtə B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal spise ˈspìːsə (G) View
159 Stavangersk spisa ˈspìːsa (G) View
159 Stavangersk eda ˈèːda B View
157 Old Swedish äta ˈæːta B View
69 Swedish äta ˈɛ̀:ta B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ATA ETA B View
70 Swedish Uppland ATA B View
145 Elfdalian jätå ˈjæ̀tɔ B View
20 Danish spise sb̥ʰi:sə (G) View
20 Danish æde ˈɛːðə B View
158 Danish Fjolde spiis sbiːs (G) View
158 Danish Fjolde eæd eæð B View
161 Gutnish Lau jetä ˈjeːtɛ B View
99 Old English itt B View
22 English to eat i:t B View
26 Frisian ite 'itə B View
21 Dutch eten etə(n) B View
24 Flemish ETEN B View
83 Afrikaans EET B View
87 Sranan NJANJAM View
126 Old High German izzit B View
27 German essen 'ɛsn̩ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ESS B View
120 Luxembourgish iessen B View
121 German Switzerland ässe B View
107 Gothic matjiþ ultimetely related to /cognate/2209/ View
107 Gothic itiþ B View
130 Oscan edum inf. B View
112 Latin edere ˈedere edō, edere, ēdī, ēsus (irregular ... B View
17 Catalan menjar mən'ʒa F View
56 Portuguese comer kuˈmeɾ B, D View
68 Spanish comer ko'meɾ B, D View
61 Sardinian Cagliari PAPPAI View
62 Sardinian Logudoro MANDIGARE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro MANNIKARE F View
85 French Creole Dominica MAZE F View
76 Walloon MAGNI F View
25 French manger mɑ̃ʒe F View
57 Provencal MANJA F View
42 Ladin MANGER F View
146 Dolomite Ladino jlapèr View
146 Dolomite Ladino magnèr Online dictionary gives magnà. F View
123 Romansh mangiar < Lat mandūcāre 'to chew, eat'. F View
123 Romansh magliar < *malleāre. View
123 Romansh tschavrar View
122 Friulian mangjâ F View
39 Italian mangiare man'dʒare F View
59 Romanian a mânca a mɨnˈka Replaced A MINCA. F View
74 Vlach MYKU F View
140 Gaulish depro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View
127 Old Irish ithid iθʹəðʹ < IE *pi-tu- ‘drink, food'; root: *pei(H)- / *pĭ- ‘to be fat, abound’. Identical to /lexeme/29475/ 'bite'. I View
101 Middle Cornish dybri dɪbri E View
148 Old Breton diprim E View
172 Middle Breton dibriff, dybryf ˈdibriṽ E View
12 Breton debriñ ˈdebrĩ E View
79 Welsh bwyta L View
38 Irish ith ɪ, ɪh Changed from ITHIM. I View
115 Scottish Gaelic ith i I View
147 Manx ee I View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T ha Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from ... B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K TROGO H View
28 [Legacy] Greek D TROO H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md TROGO H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian JESTI B View
113 [Legacy] Serbian jesti jêsti B View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P JAM B View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian jade ˈjadɛ B View
94 [Legacy] Russian P JEST B View
93 [Legacy] Polish P JESC B View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P JESCI B View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P JISTY B View
19 [Legacy] Czech E YEST B View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P JEST B View
91 [Legacy] Czech P JISTI B View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian JEST B View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O VALGYTI K View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian COMER B, D View
142 [Legacy] German Munich essen < Pr. Germ. *etan- ‘to eat’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C MAZE F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St debriñ ˈdebʁɪ E View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DEBREIN E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C BWYTA L View
37 [Legacy] Irish A ITHE I View