IELex

dog

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Description

1. A dog is a man's best friend.
2. The dog dwells together with people, wild animals do not.

Domesticated dog. Not to be confused with various breeds or specific words for dogs of different ages or sexes (‘puppy’, ‘bitch’ etc.). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *k̑uōn A View
80 Hittite kuwas A View
133 Luvian zuwanis A View
81 Tocharian A ku A View
82 Tocharian B ku A View
88 Albanian kjeni Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
2 Albanian Sicily ken Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
4 Albanian Corinth ken Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
3 Albanian Gheg kjeni Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
6 Albanian Tosk bushtër 'Female dog' (bitch), also adj ... View
6 Albanian Tosk ken Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
173 Mycenaean Greek *ku-na- *kun- Oblique stem attested in compound ... A View
110 Ancient Greek κύων kýɔːn G.sg. κυνός. A View
152 Tsakonian κουε A View
32 Greek σκύλος ˈscilo̞s Fem. σκύλα. G View
32 Greek κύων ˈcio̞n EXCLUDE. (A) View
31 Greek Lesbos SKULOS G View
129 Classical Armenian շուն ʃun շուն šown A View
8 Armenian Eastern շուն ʃun A View
7 Armenian Western շուն ʃun A View
128 Avestan spā A View
136 Sogdian ’kwt Sogdian B View
174 Khotanese śve A View
75 Wakhi SUC J View
9 Baluchi KSHIK split from DKB B View
9 Baluchi BING split from DKB M View
118 Kurdish kûçik B View
118 Kurdish seg A View
137 Zazaki kutik B View
72 Tajik sag sæɡ A View
54 Persian sag sæg A View
77 Waziri SPAI A View
1 Pashto SPAJ A View
138 Shughni kud B View
139 Sarikoli kinduk B View
139 Sarikoli kыd B View
52 Ossetic kuydz kwɨdz B View
124 Ossetic Iron kʷyz kʷyz B View
125 Ossetic Digor kuj kuj B View
141 Kata-viri kʊ̣i H View
154 Vasi-vari kürok H View
153 Askunu kuŗōk H View
105 Vedic Sanskrit śvā́ A View
162 Pāḷī kukkura D View
162 Pāḷī suṇa A View
41 Khaskura KUKUR D View
51 Nepali KUKUR D View
106 Assamese kukur D View
102 Oriya kukurɔ kukurɔ D View
10 Bengali kukur kukuɾ, kukuɽ D View
111 Bihari kukur kukur D View
144 Magahi कुत्ता kut̪t̪ɑ D View
104 Marwari ṭēga-ḍō (suffix = dimin.) (Malvi) N View
104 Marwari kuttō H View
104 Marwari giṇḍak O View
35 Hindi kutta kʊt̪ːaː H View
119 Urdu کُتّا kʊt̪ɑ H View
103 Sindhi kuto H View
43 Lahnda KUTTA H View
53 Punjabi KUTTA H View
33 Gujarati KUTERO H View
50 Marathi kutrā ku'tɾa H View
40 Kashmiri HUNU A View
65 Sinhalese BALLA P View
34 Romani Greece JUKEL C View
100 Old Church Slavonic пьсъ pɪ̆sʊ̆ E View
95 Serbo-Croatian pas pâs E View
15 Bulgarian куче ˈkutʃɘ 'пес' means 'big dog'. K View
92 Macedonian куче ˈkutʃɛ An alternative lexeme is 'пес ... K View
60 Russian собака sa'baka 'пёс' is normally 'male dog ... (A) View
55 Polish pies pjɛs E View
16 Belarusian сабака saˈbaka (A) View
73 Ukrainian пес pɛs E View
73 Ukrainian собака sɔˈbaka (A) View
66 Slovak pes pɛs E View
18 Czech pes pɛs E View
48 Sorbian Upper psyk psɘ̟k Formally a diminutive. The non-diminutive ... E View
47 Sorbian Lower pjas pjas E View
97 Slovenian pes pəs E View
108 Old Prussian sunis A View
44 Latvian suns A View
46 Lithuanian suo ʃʊo A View
109 Old Norse hundr hundr A View
109 Old Norse rakki ˈrakːi A slightly less common term (Q) View
36 Icelandic hundur ˈhʏnd̥ʏr Replaced HUNDR. A View
36 Icelandic rakki ˈraʰkːɪ Q View
23 Faroese hundur ˈhʊnd̥ʊɹ A View
23 Faroese rakki ˈɹaʰkːɪ Q View
58 Norwegian Riksmal bikkje ˈbɪ̀çːə R View
58 Norwegian Riksmal hund hʉnː A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal rakke ˈɾàkːə Q View
159 Stavangersk honn hunː A View
157 Old Swedish rakke ˈrakːe Q View
157 Old Swedish hunder ˈhunder A View
69 Swedish hund hɵnd A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina HUN A View
70 Swedish Uppland HUND A View
145 Elfdalian rakke rɑ̀kːɛ Q View
20 Danish hund hunˀ A View
158 Danish Fjolde huund huːnʲ A View
160 Old Gutnish hundr A View
161 Gutnish Lau hund hund A View
99 Old English hund A View
22 English dog dɒg etym. dub. View
26 Frisian hûn hun Changed from HOUN. A View
21 Dutch hond hɔnt A View
24 Flemish HOND A View
83 Afrikaans HOND A View
87 Sranan DAGOE F View
126 Old High German hunt A View
27 German Hund hʊnt A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch HUUNDT A View
120 Luxembourgish Hond A View
120 Luxembourgish Mupp View
121 German Switzerland hung A View
107 Gothic hunds A View
112 Latin canis ˈkanis G.sg. canis A View
17 Catalan gos gos L View
56 Portuguese cão kɐ̃ũ A View
68 Spanish perro 'pero etym. dub. Perhaps from a ... View
61 Sardinian Cagliari KANI A View
62 Sardinian Logudoro CANE A View
63 Sardinian Nuoro KANE A View
85 French Creole Dominica SYE A View
76 Walloon TCHIN A View
25 French chien ʃi ɛ̃ A View
57 Provencal gos gus L View
57 Provencal CHIN, INO, CAN A View
42 Ladin CHAUN A View
146 Dolomite Ladino cian Online dictionary gives cien, cen. A View
123 Romansh tgaun A View
122 Friulian cjan A View
39 Italian cane 'kane A View
59 Romanian câine ˈkɨjne Replaced CIINE. A View
74 Vlach KYNE A View
140 Gaulish cuno- Attested in numerous names, e ... A View
127 Old Irish ku: A View
127 Old Irish madrad, matad madrəð, madəð (I) View
149 Old Cornish ki A View
101 Middle Cornish ki ki: A View
172 Middle Breton qui, quy ˈkiː A View
12 Breton ki ˈkiː A View
150 Old Welsh ki Middle Welsh. A View
79 Welsh ci ki A View
38 Irish ku: (A) View
38 Irish madra ˈmˠad̪ˠɾˠə Added -R-. I View
115 Scottish Gaelic kuː A View
115 Scottish Gaelic madadh (I) View
147 Manx coo (A) View
147 Manx moddey I View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T qen cɛn Relatively late loanword from Lat ... (A) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KUON A View
28 [Legacy] Greek D SKULOS, SKOLI G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md SKULI G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PAS E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian pas pâs judged most neutral E View
113 [Legacy] Serbian kuče little dog' (colloqu.) K View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PES E View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian KUCE split from DKB K View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PCISTE, PES split from DKB E View
94 [Legacy] Russian P SOBAKA A View
93 [Legacy] Polish P PIES E View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P P OS E View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P PES E View
19 [Legacy] Czech E PES E View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P PES E View
91 [Legacy] Czech P PES E View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian PAS E View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SUO A View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian CAO A View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Hund < Pr. Germ. *hunda- 2 ‘dog’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SIE A View
14 [Legacy] Breton St ki ki: A View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KI A View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CI A View
37 [Legacy] Irish A GADHAR View
37 [Legacy] Irish A MADADH I View