IELex

dirty

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Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. This knife/bowl/mat is clean, that one is dirty.

Not to be confused with 'black, dark'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite iskunanz < 'stained, stigmatized', = Grk. AISXYNO 'to ... View
81 Tocharian A krāke noun X View
82 Tocharian B kraketstse X View
82 Tocharian B sal M View
88 Albanian NDYT split from DKB, = Alb. NDJETE ... View
88 Albanian ZHGRYM split from DKB C View
143 Standard Albanian i, e pisët Derived < Mod Gk loanword pisë ... View
2 Albanian Sicily GHORDU View
4 Albanian Corinth I PERGUAM View
3 Albanian Gheg TROK split from DKB View
3 Albanian Gheg ZHGRYM split from DKB C View
6 Albanian Tosk FELIKUR View
110 Ancient Greek ῥυπαρός hryparós G.sg. ῥυπαροῦ; ῥυπαρός, ῥυπαρά ... Bb View
32 Greek βρόμικος ˈvro̞miˌko̞s Y View
31 Greek Lesbos LEROS O View
129 Classical Armenian աղտեղի ɑɫt-ɛɫ-i Traditionally prononced [ɑχtɛˈʁi]. View
8 Armenian Eastern կեղտոտ kɛχˈtɔt View
8 Armenian Eastern աղտոտ ɑχˈtɔt View
7 Armenian Western աղտոտ ɑʁdod View
128 Avestan āhitō P View
136 Sogdian ’’γwstk Manichean Ad View
75 Wakhi RIM Ae View
9 Baluchi MELAR (D) View
137 Zazaki łīmin Ae View
72 Tajik IFLOS split from DKB Af View
72 Tajik CIRKIN split from DKB Ag View
54 Persian KASIF T View
77 Waziri KHACHEN, KHIRAN A View
1 Pashto CATAL split from DKB A View
1 Pashto XIREN split from DKB A View
138 Shughni γažd Aj View
138 Shughni čirkin (Ag) View
138 Shughni čālīn Ai View
138 Shughni qarq Ah View
139 Sarikoli ɣažd Aj View
52 Ossetic c'izi ʧʲizi Removed C"YF. T View
124 Ossetic Iron č'iži č'iži T View
125 Ossetic Digor c'umur c'umur Ao View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kalkin foul , turbid , having sediment , dirty' View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kaccara ‘dirty , foul , spoiled by dirt’ View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kaluṣa ‘turbid , foul , muddy , impure , dirty’ (An) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit anirmala ‘dirty , foul , turbid’ (D) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit malina (D) View
162 Pāḷī malina D View
162 Pāḷī kalusa An View
41 Khaskura MAILO split from DKB D View
41 Khaskura PHORI split from DKB Ap View
51 Nepali MAILO split from DKB D View
51 Nepali GUHE split from DKB, < GUHU 'excrement ... Aq View
106 Assamese lɛtɛra lɛtɛra Ar View
102 Oriya mɔiḷa mɔiɭa D View
102 Oriya ɔsɔna ɔsɔna As View
10 Bengali MOELA D View
111 Bihari gənda gənda V View
144 Magahi गंदा ɡənd̪ɑ V View
104 Marwari melo melo D View
35 Hindi genda ɡənd̪a V View
35 Hindi MELA D View
119 Urdu مَیلا، گنْدا mɛlə D View
103 Sindhi mailu ‘dirt’ D View
43 Lahnda MAELA D View
53 Punjabi MELLA D View
33 Gujarati GENDU V View
50 Marathi mallela mə'ɭelə D View
50 Marathi ghānerda 'gʱaneɾɖə V View
40 Kashmiri MALABORUTU split from DKB At View
40 Kashmiri ASORSHU split from DKB Av View
40 Kashmiri ACHOLU split from DKB Au View
65 Sinhalese KILUTU Aw View
34 Romani Greece PISI Ax View
100 Old Church Slavonic nečistŭ neʧistŭ Lit. 'not-clean'. It is attested ... (Az) View
95 Serbo-Croatian prljav ˈpr̂ʎav S View
15 Bulgarian мръсен ˈmrɤsɘn G View
92 Macedonian нечист ˈnetʃist Az View
60 Russian грязный 'grʲaznɨj I View
55 Polish brudny 'brudnɘ̟ H View
16 Belarusian брудны ˈbrudnɨ H View
73 Ukrainian брудний bruˈdnɪj H View
66 Slovak špinavý ˈʃpinaviː J View
18 Czech špinavý ˈʃpɪnaviː J View
48 Sorbian Upper mazany ˈmazanɘ̟ R View
47 Sorbian Lower njerěšny ˈɲɛrʲɪʂnɘ̟ Ay View
97 Slovenian umazan uˈmǎːzan R View
44 Latvian netĩrs Z View
46 Lithuanian NESVARUS split from DKB, lit. 'not-clean ... View
46 Lithuanian PURVINAS split from DKB Q View
109 Old Norse skítugr ˈskitugr The form formerly here is ... K View
109 Old Norse úhreinn uːˈɣrɛinː AF úhreinn (Aa) View
109 Old Norse saurugr ˈsauruɣr also ‘impure, sinful’, saurigr = NE ... (Ak) View
36 Icelandic saurugur ˈsaurʏɣʏr Ak View
36 Icelandic óhreinn ˈouːr̥eid̥n Aa View
36 Icelandic skítugur ˈsciːtʰʏːɣʏr K View
23 Faroese skitin ˈʃiːtɪn K View
23 Faroese óreinur ɔuːˈɹaiːnʊɹ Aa View
58 Norwegian Riksmal skitten ˈʃɪ̀tːən K View
58 Norwegian Riksmal uren, urein ʉɾeːn, ʉɾɑɪn Aa View
159 Stavangersk ureine uːˈʁɛɪnə Aa View
159 Stavangersk sjedn ˈʂèːdn̩ K View
157 Old Swedish sörogher ˈsøːroɣer Ak View
157 Old Swedish skiten ˈskiːten K View
157 Old Swedish oren ˈoːreːn Aa View
69 Swedish oren ˈùːˌre:n split from DKB Aa View
69 Swedish smutsig ˈsmɵ̀tsɪ(ɡ) split from DKB (N) View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina DYNGI fr. IE *dhengh- 'to cover ... View
70 Swedish Uppland SMUTSIG split from DKB (N) View
70 Swedish Uppland LORTIG split from DKB View
145 Elfdalian dritun ˈdrɪ̀tʉn L View
145 Elfdalian ųotäg Negating prefix ųo- + täg 'clean ... Al View
145 Elfdalian ųorien Negating prefix ųo- + rien 'clean'. Aa View
20 Danish uren ˈuˌʁɛˀn Aa View
20 Danish skiden ˈsɡ̊iðən removed beskidt K View
20 Danish snavset ˈsnɑwsəð Am View
158 Danish Fjolde sketən ˈsxetən K View
158 Danish Fjolde snaavs(k)ər ˈsnɑːws(x)əɹ Am View
160 Old Gutnish ful B View
161 Gutnish Lau åurain ˈouraɪn Aa View
99 Old English horig maybe fr. IE *ker- 'frost ... View
99 Old English fūl B View
22 English dirty dɜ:tɪ (L) View
26 Frisian fiis fi:s B View
21 Dutch vuil vœyl B View
21 Dutch vies vis B View
24 Flemish VIES split from DKB B View
24 Flemish VUIL split from DKB B View
83 Afrikaans SMERIG split from DKB View
83 Afrikaans VUIL split from DKB B View
87 Sranan MORSOE, MOTOMOTO split from DKB View
87 Sranan DOTI split from DKB (L) View
126 Old High German unreini compositum 'un-clean' Aa View
126 Old High German unsūbiri compositum 'un-clean' View
27 German schmutzig 'ʃmʊt͜sɪç N View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch DRECKICH W View
120 Luxembourgish knaschteg View
120 Luxembourgish dreckeg W View
121 German Switzerland dräckig W View
107 Gothic unþwahans compositum 'un-washed'? View
107 Gothic unhrains compositum 'un-clean' Aa View
112 Latin sordidus ˈsordidus cognate with 'black' in /cognate ... Ba View
17 Catalan porc pɔrk split from DKB. Removed final ... E View
17 Catalan brut bɾut split from DKB Ab View
56 Portuguese sujo ˈsuʒu split from DKB Ac View
56 Portuguese PORCO split from DKB E View
68 Spanish sucio 'suθjo Ac View
61 Sardinian Cagliari BRUTTU Ab View
62 Sardinian Logudoro BRUTTU Ab View
63 Sardinian Nuoro BRUTTU Ab View
85 French Creole Dominica SAL M View
76 Walloon MASSI View
25 French sale sal M View
57 Provencal SALE, ALO M View
42 Ladin ASCHER prob. = Sp. P. Sard. 'loathing ... View
146 Dolomite Ladino sporch E View
123 Romansh tschuf View
122 Friulian sporc, soç E View
39 Italian sporco 'spɔrko E View
59 Romanian murdar < Turk. MURDAR < PERS. MURDAR 'corpse', thus cognate with many terms for 'die' /cognate/18/ View
74 Vlach (NE)LATE 'un-washed' View
127 Old Irish salach saləx M View
101 Middle Cornish plos plɔ:z F View
172 Middle Breton lous ˈluːs F View
12 Breton FANK split from DKB View
12 Breton louidik EXCLUDED. Not contained in the ... (F) View
12 Breton loudour ˈluːdur Can be used as a ... View
12 Breton louan, loued EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term ... (F) View
12 Breton lous ˈluːs F View
12 Breton lastez ˈlaste(s) Collective noun, which can used ... View
79 Welsh BUDR prob. = NHG KOT 'dung, filth ... View
79 Welsh brwnt U View
38 Irish salach ˈsˠal̪ˠəx, sˠəˈl̪ˠax M View
115 Scottish Gaelic salach sɑləx M View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T I, E NDOHTUR cf. /lexeme/25272/. Poss relation ... View
29 [Legacy] Greek K AKATHARTOS lit. 'not-clean', etymology of the ... View
28 [Legacy] Greek D BROMIKOS Y View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md BROMIKOS split from DKB Y View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md LEROMENOS split from DKB O View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PRLJAV S View
113 [Legacy] Serbian prljav prʎaʋ S View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P MRUSEN G View
94 [Legacy] Russian P GRAZNYJ I View
93 [Legacy] Polish P BRUDNY H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HRAZKI I View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SKVERNYJ prob. < OCS SKVARA 'dirt' < IE ... View
19 [Legacy] Czech E SPINAVE J View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P SPINAVY J View
91 [Legacy] Czech P SPINAVY J View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian UMAZANU R View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O PURVINAS Q View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian SUJO Ac View
142 [Legacy] German Munich dreckig W View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SAL M View
14 [Legacy] Breton St lous lu:s F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se LOUS F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C BRWNT U View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SALACH M View