IELex

cloud

«child (prev) ― 22 ― (next) cold»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. There is a white cloud in the sky.
2. Rain does not come from (white) clouds, only from rain clouds.

White cumulus clouds, as distinguished from rain clouds (black). The original wordlist never specified the exact type of cloud, but for languages that distinguish lexically between the two, the immediate association seems to be with white rather than black cloud (e.g., Russian-based wordlists always use облако ‘white cloud’ rather than туча ‘black cloud, rain cloud’). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *nébʰ-os s-stem neuter D View
80 Hittite alpās Weeks discusses relation to /cognate ... View
81 Tocharian A tärkär S View
82 Tocharian B tarkär S View
88 Albanian REJA C View
143 Standard Albanian re Goes back to Pr. Alb ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily MJEGUGHA cf. /lexeme/17687/ Q View
4 Albanian Corinth REE C View
3 Albanian Gheg REJA C View
6 Albanian Tosk re Etymologically identical with Illryian with ... C View
110 Ancient Greek νέφος népʰos G.sg. νέφεος. νέφος (s-stem ... D View
152 Tsakonian συγνεφο D View
32 Greek σύννεφο ˈsine̞ˌfo̞ D View
31 Greek Lesbos SUNNEFO D View
129 Classical Armenian ամպ ɑmp D View
8 Armenian Eastern ամպ ɑmp D View
7 Armenian Western ամպ ɑmb D View
128 Avestan snaoδō F View
128 Avestan maēγəm E View
128 Avestan aβrəm D View
136 Sogdian pr’yβ’k Sogdian D View
75 Wakhi WETIS split from DKB P View
75 Wakhi MOR split from DKB, cf. /lexeme ... V View
9 Baluchi JH UR (U) View
118 Kurdish ewr D View
72 Tajik ABR D View
54 Persian ABR D View
77 Waziri WERYEZ A View
1 Pashto TORA URIADZ, XERA URIADZ A View
138 Shughni abri D View
139 Sarikoli varm W View
52 Ossetic mig' migʲ Same as 'fog' /lexeme/11640/. E View
124 Ossetic Iron miʁ miʁ E View
125 Ossetic Digor meʁɐ meʁɐ E View
141 Kata-viri naru D View
154 Vasi-vari mārə E View
153 Askunu nălī D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit nábhas- "Feuchtigkeit, Wolke, Gewölk, Nebel" (Mayrhofer) D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit mēghás (E) View
162 Pāḷī megha E View
41 Khaskura DHUNRI split from DKB L View
41 Khaskura BADAL split from DKB K View
51 Nepali BADAL K View
106 Assamese mɛgh mɛgh E View
102 Oriya meghɔ meghɔ E View
10 Bengali MEG E View
111 Bihari megh megh E View
144 Magahi बादर bɑd̪ər K View
104 Marwari ghūghūhapa ‘cloudy’, redupl., stem ghuḍ-? M View
104 Marwari bādaḷī K View
35 Hindi badel bɑːdəl K View
119 Urdu بادل bɑd̪əl K View
103 Sindhi ǰhuṛ-ālō ‘cloudiness’, suffix = nominalizer U View
43 Lahnda BEDDEL K View
53 Punjabi BEDDEL K View
33 Gujarati WADEL K View
50 Marathi dhag ɖʱag X View
40 Kashmiri OBUR D View
65 Sinhalese VALAKULA Y View
34 Romani Greece BULUTO Z View
100 Old Church Slavonic облакъ ɔblɑkʊ̆ H View
95 Serbo-Croatian oblak ˈɔ̂blaːk H View
15 Bulgarian облак ˈɔbɫək H View
92 Macedonian облак ˈoblak H View
60 Russian облако 'ɔbɫakɔ H View
55 Polish chmura ˈxmura I View
16 Belarusian воблака ˈvɔbɫaka H View
73 Ukrainian хмара ˈxmara I View
66 Slovak oblak ˈɔblak Alternative lexemes are 'mrak, chmára ... H View
18 Czech oblak ˈɔblak An alternative lexeme is 'mrak ... H View
48 Sorbian Upper mróčel ˈmʀʊtʃɛl Q View
47 Sorbian Lower mrokawa ˈmrɔkawa Q View
97 Slovenian oblak ɔˈblâːk H View
108 Old Prussian wupyan View
44 Latvian padebesis D View
44 Latvian mãkônis O View
46 Lithuanian DEBESIS D View
109 Old Norse ský skyː J View
36 Icelandic ský sciː J View
23 Faroese skýggj skʊd̥ʒ J View
58 Norwegian Riksmal sky ʃyː J View
159 Stavangersk sjy ʂyː J View
157 Old Swedish sky skyː J View
69 Swedish moln mo:ln R View
69 Swedish sky ɧy: J View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina MARN MARN R View
70 Swedish Uppland MOLN R View
145 Elfdalian muoln mʉəln R View
20 Danish sky sg̥ʰyˀ J View
158 Danish Fjolde skøj sxøj J View
161 Gutnish Lau sköi skœɪ J View
161 Gutnish Lau måuln mouln R View
99 Old English wolcen B View
22 English cloud klaʊd Walde connects OE CLŪD, NE ... View
26 Frisian wolk volk Removed WOLKE. B View
21 Dutch wolk wɔlk B View
24 Flemish WOLK B View
83 Afrikaans WOLK B View
87 Sranan BLAKA VO TAPOE split from DKB View
87 Sranan WOLKOE split from DKB B View
126 Old High German wolcan B View
27 German Wolke 'vɔlkə B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WULLG B View
120 Luxembourgish Wollek B View
121 German Switzerland wúuche B View
107 Gothic milhma etym. dubious (Buck 1949: 65 ... View
112 Latin nimbus ˈnimbus EXCLUDED. View
112 Latin nūbēs ˈnuːbeːs G.sg. nūbis F View
17 Catalan núvol 'nuβul F View
56 Portuguese nuvem ˈnuvɐ̃j F View
68 Spanish nube 'nuβe F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari NUI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro NUE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro NUGE F View
85 French Creole Dominica NWAZ F View
76 Walloon NULEYE F View
25 French nuage nyaʒ F View
57 Provencal NIVO, NIEU F View
42 Ladin NUVLA F View
146 Dolomite Ladino nigol Online doctionary gives neola but ... F View
123 Romansh nivel F View
123 Romansh nebla F View
122 Friulian nûl F View
39 Italian nuvola, nube 'nuvola, 'nube F View
59 Romanian nor nor F View
74 Vlach NIORI F View
127 Old Irish nél nʹe:l < root *nebh- 'haze, cloud'. F View
101 Middle Cornish kommolen 'kɔm:ɔl singulative of kommol 'clouds' G View
172 Middle Breton couffablenn, couffabrenn, coüabren kuˈvablǝn, kuˈvabrǝn Singulative. Seems to be the ... N View
12 Breton koumoulenn kuˈmuːlɛn Singulative. The corresponding collective is ... G View
79 Welsh cwmwl G View
38 Irish scamall T View
38 Irish néal (F) View
38 Irish spéir < Lat sphaera, < Gk. View
115 Scottish Gaelic sgòth Lit. swarm. (T) View
115 Scottish Gaelic neul F View
147 Manx neeal, niaul F View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T re Etymologically identical with Illryian, with ... C View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T mjegull Related to Lith miglà 'fog ... Q View
29 [Legacy] Greek K NEFOS D View
28 [Legacy] Greek D SUNNEFO D View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md SUNNEFO D View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian OBLAK H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian oblak H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P OBLAK H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian OBLAK H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P OBLAKO H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P OBLOK H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VOBLAKA H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P CHMARA I View
19 [Legacy] Czech E MRACNO split from DKB Q View
19 [Legacy] Czech E OBLOHA split from DKB H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P OBLAK H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P OBLAK H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian OBLAK H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DEBESIS D View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian NUVEM F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Wolke B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C NIAZ F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St koumoul 'kũmul Removed -ENN as this ending ... G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KOGUSEN View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CWMWL G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A SGAMALL split from DKB T View
37 [Legacy] Irish A NEAL split from DKB F View