IELex

bone

«blow (prev) ― 17 ― (next) breast»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. His bones are frail.
2. He was sucking the marrow out of a bone.
3. The body consists of flesh, fat and bones.
4. He choked on a bone.

General term for human and animal bones (anatomical, not as part of food). Not to be confused with specific designations of various bones (like ‘rib’, ‘vertebra’) and a possible designation of ‘tubular bone in general’. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₃ésth₁-ōi, *h₃esth₁-i-, *k-osti- Probable variant with initial k- ... D, F View
80 Hittite hastāi D View
133 Luvian hāssa D View
81 Tocharian A āy Presumably the same as Tocharian ... D View
82 Tocharian B āy Note that the pl. form ... D View
88 Albanian rrashti Also rrashtë '(skull) bone'. Possibly ... C View
143 Standard Albanian kockë Borrowed < Slav diminutive *kostъka for ... (F) View
2 Albanian Sicily asht Changed from AST. D View
4 Albanian Corinth KOKAU E View
3 Albanian Gheg RRASHTI C View
6 Albanian Tosk KOCKE (F) View
110 Ancient Greek ὀστοῦν (ὀστέον) ostȗːn G.sg. ὀστέου . Attic form ... D View
32 Greek κόκαλο ˈko̞kaˌlo̞ H View
32 Greek οστο, οστουν EXCLUDE. (Katharevousa) (D) View
31 Greek Lesbos KOKKALO H View
129 Classical Armenian ոսկր ɔsk-ɾ Traditionally pronounced [ʋɔskəɾ]. D View
8 Armenian Eastern ոսկոր vosˈkoɾ D View
7 Armenian Western ոսկոր D View
128 Avestan as D View
128 Avestan ast- D View
136 Sogdian ’stk- Sogdian D View
174 Khotanese āstai D View
75 Wakhi YUSC, USTUXON D View
9 Baluchi HAD (A) View
118 Kurdish hestî D View
137 Zazaki este D View
72 Tajik ustuxon ustuxɔːn D View
54 Persian ostokhan ostoxɒn D View
77 Waziri HADIKAI (A) View
1 Pashto HED, HADUKAJ (A) View
138 Shughni sitxun D View
139 Sarikoli (i)sыtxun D View
52 Ossetic staeg stæɡ Removed initial Y-. D View
124 Ossetic Iron štɐg štɐg D View
125 Ossetic Digor ɐstɐg ɐstɐg D View
141 Kata-viri ʌṭi A View
154 Vasi-vari ičī A View
153 Askunu ațī A View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ásthi D View
162 Pāḷī aṭṭhi D View
41 Khaskura HAR A View
51 Nepali HAR A View
106 Assamese har har A View
102 Oriya haḍɔ haɖɔ A View
10 Bengali HAR A View
111 Bihari həɖɖi həɖɖi A View
144 Magahi हड्डी həddi A View
35 Hindi heddi ɦəɖːiː A View
119 Urdu ہڈّی həɖːi A View
43 Lahnda HEDDI A View
53 Punjabi HEDDI A View
33 Gujarati HARKU A View
50 Marathi hād haɖ A View
40 Kashmiri ADIJU A View
65 Sinhalese KATUWA Turner has Sgh. kaṭuva 'thorn ... J View
34 Romani Greece KOKALO (H) View
100 Old Church Slavonic кость kɔstɪ̆ F View
95 Serbo-Croatian kost kɔ̂ːst F View
15 Bulgarian кост kɔst F View
92 Macedonian коска ˈkoska F View
60 Russian кость kɔstʲ F View
55 Polish kość kɔɕtɕ F View
16 Belarusian косць kɔsʲtsʲ An alternative form is a ... F View
73 Ukrainian кістка kistka Formally/historically a diminutive. A ... F View
66 Slovak kosť kɔsc F View
18 Czech kost kɔst F View
48 Sorbian Upper kósć kʊstʃ F View
47 Sorbian Lower kósć kɘ̟stɕ F View
97 Slovenian kost kôːst F View
108 Old Prussian kaulan K View
44 Latvian kaũls K View
46 Lithuanian KAULAS K View
109 Old Norse bein bɛin B View
36 Icelandic bein b̥eiːn B View
23 Faroese bein b̥aiːn B View
23 Faroese knota ˈknoːtʰa (M) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ben beːn B View
159 Stavangersk bein bɛɪn B View
157 Old Swedish ben beːn B View
69 Swedish ben beːn Same lexeme as for 'leg'. B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina BEN B View
70 Swedish Uppland BEN B View
145 Elfdalian bien bɪɛːn older form: bįe B View
20 Danish ben b̥eˀn B View
158 Danish Fjolde knååk knɔːɡ (G) View
160 Old Gutnish bain B View
161 Gutnish Lau bain baɪn B View
99 Old English bān B View
22 English bone bəʊn B View
26 Frisian bien bi.ən B View
21 Dutch graat ɣrat (B) View
21 Dutch bot bɔt L View
21 Dutch been ben ɔnly the plural beenderen is ... B View
24 Flemish BEEN B View
83 Afrikaans BEEN B View
87 Sranan BOON B View
126 Old High German bein B View
27 German das Bein B View
27 German Knochen 'knɔxn̩ < MHG knoch knoche 'knucle, knot ... G View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch GNUCHE G View
120 Luxembourgish Schank View
121 German Switzerland chnoche G View
112 Latin os os gen. ossis D View
17 Catalan os ɔs D View
56 Portuguese osso ˈosu D View
68 Spanish hueso 'weso D View
61 Sardinian Cagliari OSSU D View
62 Sardinian Logudoro OSSU D View
63 Sardinian Nuoro OSSU D View
85 French Creole Dominica ZOS D View
76 Walloon OHE D View
25 French os ɔs D View
57 Provencal òs ɔs Removed OUSSAIO. D View
42 Ladin OSS D View
146 Dolomite Ladino os D View
123 Romansh oss, ies D View
122 Friulian vues D View
39 Italian osso 'ɔsso D View
59 Romanian os os D View
74 Vlach OS D View
127 Old Irish cnáim kna:ṽʹ Cf. also Gk κνημη 'shin ... I View
101 Middle Cornish askorn According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55 ... D View
172 Middle Breton askorn ˈaskorn According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55 ... D View
12 Breton askorn ˈaskɔrn According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55 ... D View
79 Welsh asgwrn According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55 ... D View
38 Irish cnámh I View
115 Scottish Gaelic cnàmh I View
147 Manx craue I View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T asht Pl. = estra ~ eshtëna. Connected with ... D View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T kockë Changed from KOSKE. Loan < Blg ... (F) View
29 [Legacy] Greek K OSTOUN D View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KOKKALO H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md KOKKALO H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian KOST F View
113 [Legacy] Serbian kost F View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KOST F View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian koska ˈkɔska F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P KOST F View
93 [Legacy] Polish P KOSC F View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KOSC F View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KISTKA F View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KOSTY F View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P KOST F View
91 [Legacy] Czech P KOST F View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian KUST F View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KAULAS K View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian OSSO D View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Knochen G View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C ZO D View
14 [Legacy] Breton St askorn ˈaskɔrn D View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se ASKORN D View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C ASGWRN D View
37 [Legacy] Irish A CNAMH I View