IELex

blood

«black (prev) ― 15 ― (next) blow»
wordlist: ‘all’

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Description

1. If you cut yourself, blood will flow.
2. There’s blood flowing from his wound.
3. Blood is red.

Of human blood. To be distinguished from ‘coagulated blood’, ‘ichor’, ‘menstrual blood’ etc. We know of no languages that distinguish lexically between ‘arterial blood’ (bright red) and ‘venous blood’ (dark red, black). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *kreu̯h₂- I View
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésh₂r̥- G View
80 Hittite ēshar G View
133 Luvian āsharsa G View
135 Palaic eshur G View
81 Tocharian A ysār G View
82 Tocharian B yasar G View
88 Albanian GJAKU C View
143 Standard Albanian gjak < Pr. Alb *saka, related to ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily GAK C View
4 Albanian Corinth GAK C View
3 Albanian Gheg GJAKU C View
6 Albanian Tosk GAK C View
110 Ancient Greek αἷμα háɪ̀ma G.sg. αἵματος J View
152 Tsakonian αíμα J View
32 Greek αίμα ˈe̞ma J View
31 Greek Lesbos HAIMA J View
129 Classical Armenian արիւն ɑɾiu̯n Traditionally pronounced [ɑɾjun]. G View
8 Armenian Eastern արյուն ɑˈɾɪ̯un (D), G View
7 Armenian Western արիւն ɑryn (D), G View
128 Avestan vohuni E View
136 Sogdian (y)xwrn Manichean E View
174 Khotanese hūnä E View
75 Wakhi WUSEN originally /cognate/687/ E View
75 Wakhi XUN E View
9 Baluchi HON E View
118 Kurdish xwîn E View
137 Zazaki gūnī E View
72 Tajik xun xun E View
54 Persian khun xuːn E View
77 Waziri WINA E View
1 Pashto VINA E View
138 Shughni xun (E) View
138 Shughni wixin E View
139 Sarikoli xыn (E) View
139 Sarikoli waxin E View
52 Ossetic tug tug L View
124 Ossetic Iron tug tug L View
125 Ossetic Digor tog tog L View
141 Kata-viri lui (K) View
154 Vasi-vari üsũ (D), G View
153 Askunu ləu, lou K View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kravíṣ-, kravya- kravíṣ- "bloody meat", kravya- "bloody" (I) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ásr̥k (D), G View
105 Vedic Sanskrit rakta- 'red', cf. RED (F) View
162 Pāḷī lohita K View
41 Khaskura RAGAT F View
51 Nepali KHUN (E) View
106 Assamese tez tez A, N View
102 Oriya rɔktɔ rɔktɔ F View
10 Bengali ROKTO F View
111 Bihari sonit sonit O View
144 Magahi खून kʰun (E) View
104 Marwari loi loi K View
104 Marwari khun khun (E) View
35 Hindi REKT F View
119 Urdu خُون χun (E) View
43 Lahnda XUN (E) View
53 Punjabi LEU K View
33 Gujarati LOHI K View
50 Marathi rakta 'ɾəktə F View
40 Kashmiri RATH formerly a separate CC (1639) F View
65 Sinhalese LE K View
34 Romani Greece RAT formerly a separate CC (1639) F View
100 Old Church Slavonic кръвь krʊ̆vɪ̆ I View
95 Serbo-Croatian krv kr̂ːv I View
15 Bulgarian кръв krɤv I View
92 Macedonian крв kərv I View
60 Russian кровь krɔvʲ I View
55 Polish krew krɛf I View
16 Belarusian кроў krɔw I View
73 Ukrainian кров krɔʋ I View
66 Slovak krv kr̩w I View
18 Czech krev krɛf I View
48 Sorbian Upper krej kʀe I View
47 Sorbian Lower kšej kʂej I View
97 Slovenian kri krǐː I View
108 Old Prussian krawia I View
44 Latvian asins (D), G View
46 Lithuanian KRAUJAS I View
109 Old Norse blóð bloːð B View
36 Icelandic blóð b̥louːθ B View
23 Faroese blóð b̥lɔuː B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal blod bluː B View
159 Stavangersk blo bluː B View
157 Old Swedish blodh bloːð B View
69 Swedish blod blu:d B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina BLO B View
70 Swedish Uppland BLOD B View
145 Elfdalian bluoð blʉəð B View
20 Danish blod b̥loˀð B View
158 Danish Fjolde bluo bluo B View
160 Old Gutnish bloþ B View
161 Gutnish Lau blåud bloud B View
99 Old English blōd B View
22 English blood blʌd B View
26 Frisian bloed blu.ət B View
21 Dutch bloed blut B View
24 Flemish BLOED B View
83 Afrikaans BLOED B View
87 Sranan BROEDOE B View
126 Old High German bluot B View
27 German Blut blu:t B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch BLUUT B View
120 Luxembourgish Blutt B View
121 German Switzerland bluet B View
107 Gothic blōþ B View
112 Latin cruor 'kruor gen. cruōris. EXCLUDED. Exact meaning ... (I) View
112 Latin sanguīs ˈsaŋgwiːs gen. sanguinis G View
17 Catalan sang saŋ Changed from SANCH. G View
56 Portuguese sangue ˈsɐ̃ɣɨ G View
68 Spanish sangre 'saŋɡɾe G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari SANGUINI G View
62 Sardinian Logudoro SAMBENE G View
63 Sardinian Nuoro SAMBEBE G View
85 French Creole Dominica SA G View
76 Walloon SONG' G View
25 French sang sɑ̃ G View
57 Provencal SANG G View
42 Ladin SAUNG G View
146 Dolomite Ladino sanch G View
123 Romansh saung G View
122 Friulian sanc G View
39 Italian sangue 'sangwe G View
59 Romanian sânge ˈsɨnʤe Replaced SINGE. G View
74 Vlach SYNZE G View
127 Old Irish crú kru: Root: *kreu(ə)-/*krã- ‘blood ... (I) View
127 Old Irish fuil fulʹ < *woli- from the root *wel- ... M View
149 Old Cornish guit H View
101 Middle Cornish goos go:z H View
172 Middle Breton goat ˈgoat H View
12 Breton gwad ˈgwɑːt H View
79 Welsh gwaed H View
38 Irish fuil fˠɪlʲ Changed from PUIL. M View
115 Scottish Gaelic fuil M View
147 Manx fuill M View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T gjak ɟʑak Holm (2011: 9) gives gjaku ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HAIMA J View
28 [Legacy] Greek D HAIMA J View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md HAIMA J View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian KRV I View
113 [Legacy] Serbian krv krːʋ I View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KRUV I View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian krv kr̩f I View
94 [Legacy] Russian P KROV I View
93 [Legacy] Polish P KREW I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KROU I View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KROU I View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KREF I View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P KRV I View
91 [Legacy] Czech P KREV I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian KRI I View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KRAUJAS I View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian sangue ˈsɐ̃gi G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Blut < Pr. Germ. *blōda- ‘blood’. B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SA G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St gwad gwa:t H View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se GOED H View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C GWAED H View
37 [Legacy] Irish A FUIL M View