IELex

black

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Description

[As on the RGD 0:0:0 card; the natural colour of coal]

Not to be confused with 'dark', 'dirty', etc. (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂ems- View
114 Proto-Indo-European *swordos Cognate with Lat. sordês 'dirt'. B View
80 Hittite dankuis ie. dhem-, 'smokey, dark, foggy ... P View
80 Hittite hanzanas According to Puhvel this lexeme ... View
133 Luvian dakkuīs P View
133 Luvian marwāy- View
81 Tocharian A arkant- M View
82 Tocharian B erkent- cf. TochA M View
88 Albanian IZI C View
143 Standard Albanian i zi, e zezë < Pr. Alb. *džedi, connected to ... C View
2 Albanian Sicily I-ZI C View
4 Albanian Corinth I ZII C View
3 Albanian Gheg ZI C View
6 Albanian Tosk I-ZI C View
110 Ancient Greek μέλᾱς mélaːs G.sg. μέλανος; μέλᾱς ... K View
110 Ancient Greek κελαινός kelai̯nós EXCLUDE. (S) View
152 Tsakonian κουβανε Cf NGr κυανoυς 'blue', Gr ... View
32 Greek μελας EXCLUDE (Katharevousa) (K) View
32 Greek μαύρος ˈmavro̞s J View
31 Greek Lesbos MAUROS J View
129 Classical Armenian սեաւ se̯ɑu̯ Traditionally pronounced [sjɑʋ]. (D), Q View
8 Armenian Eastern սև sɛʋ Also spelled սեւ or սեվ Q View
7 Armenian Western սեւ sɛv AF seav 'dark, black', possibly ... Q View
128 Avestan sāmō D View
128 Avestan siiāuua- D View
136 Sogdian š’w Manichean D View
75 Wakhi SU, SIO D View
9 Baluchi SIYAH D View
118 Kurdish reş O View
137 Zazaki siyā D View
72 Tajik SIEX D View
54 Persian SIAH D View
77 Waziri TOR A View
1 Pashto TOR A View
138 Shughni siyō D View
138 Shughni têr A View
139 Sarikoli tor A View
124 Ossetic Iron šaw šaw D View
125 Ossetic Digor saw saw D View
141 Kata-viri ži D View
154 Vasi-vari uẓë D View
153 Askunu žike-stä D View
105 Vedic Sanskrit maliná- 'dirty, black' (K) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit kr̥ṣṇás H View
105 Vedic Sanskrit káluṣa- 'dirty, black' (E) View
162 Pāḷī kāla E View
162 Pāḷī kanha H View
41 Khaskura KALO E View
51 Nepali KALO E View
106 Assamese kâlā E View
102 Oriya kɔḷa kɔɭa E View
10 Bengali KALO E View
111 Bihari kari kari E View
144 Magahi करिआ kəriɑ E View
104 Marwari kaɭo kaɭo E View
35 Hindi kala ka:la: E View
119 Urdu کالا kɑlə E View
43 Lahnda KALA E View
53 Punjabi KALA E View
33 Gujarati kale kaɭe E View
50 Marathi kālā 'kaɭa E View
40 Kashmiri KALA, KREHONU E View
65 Sinhalese KALU E View
34 Romani Greece KALO E View
100 Old Church Slavonic чрьнъ ʧr̩ʲnʊ̆ H View
95 Serbo-Croatian crn tsr̂ːn H View
15 Bulgarian черен ˈtʃɛrɘn H View
92 Macedonian црн tsərn H View
60 Russian черный 'tʃɔrnɨj H View
55 Polish czarny ˈtʂarnɘ̟ H View
16 Belarusian чорны ˈtʂɔrnɨ H View
73 Ukrainian чорний ˈtʂɔrnɪj H View
66 Slovak čierny ˈtʃierni H View
18 Czech černý ˈtʃɛrniː H View
48 Sorbian Upper čorny ˈtʃɔʀnɘ̟ H View
47 Sorbian Lower carny ˈtsarnɘ̟ H View
97 Slovenian črn tʃə̌ːrn H View
108 Old Prussian kirsnan H View
44 Latvian męl̃ns K View
46 Lithuanian juodas ˈjuɔdɐs L View
109 Old Norse svartr svartr B View
36 Icelandic svartur ˈsvar̥tʰʏr Replaced SVARTR. B View
23 Faroese svartur ˈsvaɻ̊ʈʊɹ B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal svart sʋaʈː B View
159 Stavangersk svarte ˈsʋɑːʁtə, ˈsʋaʁtə B View
157 Old Swedish svarter ˈsvarter B View
69 Swedish svart svaʈː B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina SVART B View
70 Swedish Uppland SVART B View
145 Elfdalian swart swɑrt B View
20 Danish sort sɒ:d̥ʰ B View
158 Danish Fjolde suort suoɹd B View
161 Gutnish Lau svartar ˈsvartar B View
99 Old English blæc I View
99 Old English sweart B View
22 English black blæk I View
26 Frisian swart B View
21 Dutch zwart zwɑrt B View
24 Flemish ZWART B View
83 Afrikaans SWART B View
87 Sranan BLAKA I View
126 Old High German swarz B View
27 German schwarz ʃwart͜s B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHWOTZ B View
120 Luxembourgish schwaarz B View
121 German Switzerland schwarz B View
107 Gothic swarts B View
132 Umbrian atru aːdro atru (native alphabet, lb 29 ... R View
112 Latin niger ˈniɡer Used in contrast to 'white ... F View
112 Latin āter ˈaːter EXCLUDE. ātra (f.), ātrum (n ... (R) View
17 Catalan negre ˈnɛɣɾə, ˈneɣɾe Eastern, western and Valencia. F View
56 Portuguese negro 'neɡɾu split from DKB F View
56 Portuguese preto ˈpɾetu split from DKB N View
68 Spanish negro 'neɣɾo F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari NIEDDU F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro NIEDDU F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro NIEDDU F View
85 French Creole Dominica NWE F View
76 Walloon NEUR F View
25 French noir nwaʀ F View
57 Provencal NEGRE, EGRO F View
42 Ladin NAIR split from DKB F View
42 Ladin MOR split from DKB J View
146 Dolomite Ladino nèigher Online dictionary gives negher. F View
123 Romansh ner F View
122 Friulian neri Identical to /lexeme/31656/ 'liver'. F View
39 Italian nero 'nero F View
59 Romanian lai laj View
59 Romanian negru ˈneɡru F View
74 Vlach LAI origin obs., maybe rel. to ... View
140 Gaulish dubu-/-i Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... G View
127 Old Irish dub duβ G View
149 Old Cornish duw G View
101 Middle Cornish du dy: G View
148 Old Breton du G View
172 Middle Breton du ˈdyː G View
12 Breton du ˈdyː G View
150 Old Welsh dub G View
79 Welsh du G View
38 Irish dubh d̪ˠʊw G View
115 Scottish Gaelic dubh d̪̊u G View
147 Manx doo G View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T zi zi DKB: i zi, e zezë ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K MELAS K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D MAUROS J View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md MAUROS J View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian CRN H View
113 [Legacy] Serbian crn tsrːn H View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P CEREN H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian CRN H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P C ORNYJ H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P CZARNY H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CORNY H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P CORNYJ H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E CERNE H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P CIERNY H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P CERNY H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian CRNU H View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O JUODAS L View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian PRETO split from DKB N View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian NEGRO split from DKB F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich schwarz B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C NWE F View
14 [Legacy] Breton St du dyː G View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DU G View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DU G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A DUBH G View