IELex

bite

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Description

1. The dog bit him.
2. He bit his opponent in a fight.

Not to be confused with ‘to bite off’ (while eating) or ‘to gnaw’. Said of animals or people (not a separate word like ‘to sting’ used for insects, snakes, stinging plants etc.). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *denk̑- A View
114 Proto-Indo-European *gᵘrug̑ʰ- Onomatopoetic, see Pokorny:485, Frisk ... View
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- View
80 Hittite wāki View
81 Tocharian A tsāk- A View
82 Tocharian B tsāk- A View
88 Albanian KAPSHOJ C View
143 Standard Albanian kafshoj Borrowed < Lat capessere ~ capissere 'to ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily ZE NE AC D View
4 Albanian Corinth ZEE AAJ D View
3 Albanian Gheg KAPSHOJ see Martirosyan 518 C View
6 Albanian Tosk KAFSON AOR. KAFSOVA C View
110 Ancient Greek δάκνω dáknɔː Inf. δάκνειν A View
152 Tsakonian κατσíνου Related to /cognate/2028/ and ... View
32 Greek δαγκώνω ðaˈ(ŋ)ɡo̞no̞ Alternative form δαγκάνω A View
31 Greek Lesbos DAGKANO A View
129 Classical Armenian խածանեմ xacanem Also 'to sting'. Often refers ... (J) View
129 Classical Armenian կծ(ան)եմ kit͡s(-ɑn)-ɛ-m Traditionally pronounced [kət͡s(ɑn ... S View
8 Armenian Eastern կծել kəˈʦɛl S View
7 Armenian Western խածնել χɑd͡znɛl Walde (1930: 697) gives KRČEL ... S View
128 Avestan dąs- A View
136 Sogdian zβ’t- Manichean V View
75 Wakhi DENDUK DI- N View
75 Wakhi GUP DI- originally CC 1638 E View
9 Baluchi WARAGH, WARTHA L View
118 Kurdish geztin T View
72 Tajik gazidan ɡæzidæn Removed GAZIDA GIRIFTAN. Also 'to ... T View
54 Persian DANDAN GEREFTAN N View
77 Waziri CHICHEL S View
1 Pashto CICEL S View
138 Shughni pirēnd R View
139 Sarikoli ži/ыɣw : ži/ыɣud U View
52 Ossetic xaecyn χætsɨn O View
124 Ossetic Iron χɐs- χɐs- O View
125 Ossetic Digor χwɐc- χwɐc- O View
141 Kata-viri aṭušˑɪo W View
105 Vedic Sanskrit dáś- AF daṅç- A View
162 Pāḷī ḍasati A View
41 Khaskura TOKNU Q View
51 Nepali TOKNU Q View
106 Assamese kamor kamor P View
102 Oriya kamuṛ- kamuɽ- P View
10 Bengali CIBONO F View
111 Bihari kaʈəb kaʈəb M View
144 Magahi काटना kɑtənɑ Same as 'to cut' /lexeme ... M View
104 Marwari ghavabō (Bigho.?) ‘to press, to bite’ X View
35 Hindi KHANA 'to eat' (Turner 1931: 120 ... Ab View
119 Urdu کاٹنا kɑʈnə M View
103 Sindhi chaka (plural), ‘bite, twisting pains, gripes ... Y View
43 Lahnda KETTEN M View
53 Punjabi VEDDENA View
33 Gujarati KERERWU M View
50 Marathi tsāwā 'tsawa F View
50 Marathi cavne related to KAPNU 'to cut ... F View
40 Kashmiri TSAPUN F View
65 Sinhalese HAPANAWA Z View
34 Romani Greece DANDALAV N View
100 Old Church Slavonic хапати xɑpɑti The word occurs only once ... I View
100 Old Church Slavonic грысти ɡrɯsti An alternative form is 'грызати ... S View
95 Serbo-Croatian gristi ˈɡrîzti S View
15 Bulgarian хапя ˈxapʲə I View
92 Macedonian каса ˈkasa An alternative lexeme is 'гризе ... J View
60 Russian кусать kuˈsatʲ J View
55 Polish gryźć ɡrɘ̟ʑʨ S View
16 Belarusian кусаць kuˈsatsʲ J View
73 Ukrainian кусати kuˈsatɪ J View
66 Slovak hrýzť ɦriːzc S View
18 Czech kousat ˈkɔusat J View
48 Sorbian Upper kusać ˈkusatʃ J View
47 Sorbian Lower kusaś ˈkusaɕ J View
97 Slovenian gristi ˈɡrǐːzti S View
44 Latvian kôž J View
46 Lithuanian KASTI J View
109 Old Norse bíta ˈbiːta AF bítr B View
36 Icelandic bíta ˈb̥iːtʰa B View
23 Faroese bíta ˈb̥ʊiːta B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal bite ˈbìːtə B View
159 Stavangersk bida ˈbìːda B View
157 Old Swedish bita ˈbiːta B View
69 Swedish bita ˈbì:ta Removed BITA I. B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina BIT B View
70 Swedish Uppland BITA B View
145 Elfdalian baita bɑ̀ɪtɑ B View
20 Danish bide ˈb̥iːðə B View
158 Danish Fjolde bit bid B View
160 Old Gutnish bita B View
161 Gutnish Lau bäitä ˈbɛɪtɛ B View
99 Old English bītt B View
22 English to bite baɪt B View
26 Frisian bite bitət B View
21 Dutch bijten 'bɛitə(n) B View
24 Flemish BYTEN B View
83 Afrikaans BYT B View
87 Sranan NJAM View
87 Sranan BETI B View
126 Old High German bīzit B View
27 German beissen 'baĭsn̩ B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch BEISZ B View
120 Luxembourgish bäissen B View
121 German Switzerland biisse B View
107 Gothic beitiþ B View
112 Latin mordēre morˈdeːre mordĕõ, mordēre, momordī, morsum G View
17 Catalan mossegar musəˈɣa K View
17 Catalan picar pi'ka related to It.,Span. PICO ... View
56 Portuguese morder muɾˈdeɾ G View
68 Spanish morder moɾ'ðeɾ G View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MUSSIAI K View
62 Sardinian Logudoro MOSSIGARE K View
63 Sardinian Nuoro MOSSIKRARE K View
85 French Creole Dominica MODE G View
76 Walloon HAGNI View
25 French mordre mɔʀdʀ G View
57 Provencal MORDRE G View
42 Ladin MORDER G View
146 Dolomite Ladino morde G View
146 Dolomite Ladino zachèr View
123 Romansh punscher < Lat pungere 'to pierce, sting'. View
123 Romansh morder G View
122 Friulian muardi G View
39 Italian mordere 'mɔrdere G View
59 Romanian a mușca a muʃˈka K View
74 Vlach MYSKU K View
127 Old Irish cnaïd kna.ið Root: *kenc-/*knē- ‘to spit ... (J) View
127 Old Irish ithid iθʹəðʹ Also 'eats, devours'. < *pi-tu- ‘drink, food'. Also belongs to /cognate/1699 ... View
101 Middle Cornish bratha 'braθa Ac View
101 Middle Cornish dynsel (Ae) View
101 Middle Cornish danta from dant 'tooth' (Ae) View
101 Middle Cornish deintio Looks like a loan word ... (Ae) View
101 Middle Cornish cnoi related to knias 'chew'? (J) View
172 Middle Breton dantaff ˈdantaṽ Ae View
172 Middle Breton creguiff ˈkreːgiṽ (H) View
12 Breton krogiñ, kregiñ ˈkroːgĩ, ˈkreːgĩ Ad, H View
79 Welsh brathu IE *bhares-, bhores- (Walde) 'peak ... Ac View
38 Irish greim (nn.) Aa View
38 Irish cogain formerly own CC 1769 (J) View
115 Scottish Gaelic bìd (B) View
115 Scottish Gaelic thor gréim (Aa) View
147 Manx greim Aa View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T me kafshuar Also kafshoj. Possibly a loanword ... C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K DAGEANO A View
28 [Legacy] Greek D DAGKONO A View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DAGKANO A View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian UGRISTI S View
113 [Legacy] Serbian ujesti ǔjesti cf. jesti 'eat'. View
113 [Legacy] Serbian ugristi ǔɡristi Changed from zagristi. S View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P CHAP A I View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian kása ˈkasa Removed KASNE. J View
94 [Legacy] Russian P KUSAT J View
93 [Legacy] Polish P KASAC J View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KUSAC J View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KUSATY J View
19 [Legacy] Czech E KUSAT J View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P KUSAT J View
91 [Legacy] Czech P KOUSATI J View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian GRIZT S View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KASTI J View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian MORDER G View
142 [Legacy] German Munich beißen < Pr. Germ. *bītan- ‘to bite ... B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C MODE G View
14 [Legacy] Breton St kregiñ 'krɛ:gĩn (H) View
14 [Legacy] Breton St dantañ 'dãntã originally CC 975, from dant ... (Ae) View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se DANTEIN originally CC 975, from dant ... Ae View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CNOI formerly own CC 1769 J View
37 [Legacy] Irish A GREIM DO BHAINT AS Aa View